Zhejiang [d ʒ ed ʒ ja ŋ ], Chekiang, Tschekiang, province in China, on the East China Sea, 101,800 km 2, (2010) 54.4 million residents; The capital is Hangzhou. The north of the province still belongs to the flat Yangtze River lowlands, the southern part to the south-east Chinese mountainous region. Most of the islands (around 3,000) are in front of the heavily indented coast compared to all other coastal provinces. The subtropical climate and fertile soils allow the cultivation of rice, winter wheat, maize, sweet potatoes, cotton, tea, sugar cane and above all jute as well as fruit crops (peaches, citrus fruits); also silkworm breeding; Extraction of precious woods and tung oil. The province is the most important Chinese fishing area. Zhejiang has coal, fluorspar, alum (in the southeast) and natural gas, but almost all industrial raw materials have to be imported from other provinces or abroad; furthermore sea salt production; significant hydropower generation, Tidal power station near Wenzhou. The province has a diverse industry and is the center of ceramic production. Since the beginning of the economic reform, there has been rapid growth in collective and private industry, especially light industry, dominated by textile production, the production of silk, woolen fabrics, jute sacks and household appliances, the electromechanical, chemical, food and building materials industries. Zhejiang is relatively well served by river navigation and railways; Rail link between the provincial capital and the production of silk, woolen fabrics, jute sacks and household appliances, the electromechanical, chemical, food and building materials industries. Zhejiang is relatively well served by river navigation and railways; Rail link between the provincial capital and the production of silk, woolen fabrics, jute sacks and household appliances, the electromechanical, chemical, food and building materials industries. Zhejiang is relatively well served by river navigation and railways; Rail link between the provincial capital and Ningbo, the main port city.
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Hangzhou [-d ʒ ɔ ʊ ], Hangchow, Hangtschou, capital of the east Chinese coastal province of Zhejiang, at the confluence (Qiantang Jiang) of the Fuchun Jiang, in the interior of the shallow Hangzhou Bay and at the southern end of the Imperial Canal, population 8.70 million in total Administrative area, of which 5.16 million residents are in the city districts;University (founded in 1959), technical university, since 2005 Chinese Academy of Sciences Science Park, observatory, zoological garden. The traditional silk, cotton, paper and tea industries were joined by the steel and chemical industries as well as mechanical engineering; Petroleum refinery; since the 1990s high-tech development zone (with a focus on microelectronics, information technology, biomedicine, new materials, optoelectronics and environmental protection) with numerous universities and scientific research institutes; Port, airport. West Lake (Xihu, 5.6 km 2) with its parks in the west of the city is a tourist destination. In 2008, a 36-kilometer bridge was opened that spans Hangzhou Bay and is intended to improve the connection between the port cities of Shanghai and Ningbo.
Since the Lingyin Si temple complex on the West Lake was founded, the city has been a center of painting. In the West Lake is the island of Gu Shan (Mountain of Solitude) with the Hupingqinyue (autumn moon) pavilion, built by the Qing emperor Kangxi; the provincial museum in the south of the island. On the island of Xiao Yingzhou (Fairy Island) there are three small stupas (early 17th century), on the north side of the lake at the foot of Baoshi Shan (200 m high) is the tomb of General Yue Fei (12th Century). West of the lake is the temple monastery Lingyin Si (today’s building 19th / 20th century), opposite the 218 m high rock face Feilai Feng with cave temples with Buddhist representations in bas-relief (10th-14th centuries), which are unique south of the Yangtze. To the south, on a hill on the banks of the Qiantang Jiang, the Liuhe Ta Pagoda (Pagoda of the Six Harmonies); the facade (restored in 1970) has thirteen stories and seven stories inside.
Hangzhou has been developing since 6/7. Century from fishing village to larger regional center; It flourished under the name of Lin’an as the capital of the Southern Song Dynasty (1127–1279). Marco Polo, who by his own account visited Hangzhou in the late 13th century, described it as the most beautiful city in the world; at that time Hangzhou had more than 1 million residents. Hangzhou was also later important as the center of a large rice-growing area and the most important location for the silk industry. During the Taiping uprising (1851-64) taken by the rebels in 1861, Hangzhou suffered severe damage. In 2011, the West Lake cultural landscape was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Ningbo, Ningpo, 1911–49 Ningxian [- ɕ ian], Ninghsien, port city in Zhejiang Province, China, 5.78 million residents in the entire administrative area, of which 2.26 million people in the city districts; important foreign trade and fishing port; Ningbo can be reached by seagoing vessels from the outer port of Zhenhai on Hangzhou Bay via the Yong Jiang, and since 2008 also via the new 36 km long Hangzhou Bridge, which significantly reduces the travel distance between Shanghai and Ningbo; Textile, food, especially canning industry, construction of ships, diesel engines and agricultural machines. Natural gas deposits nearby.
In the Heavenly Pavilion (Tianyi Ge) one of the oldest Chinese private libraries (16th century); the seven-storey Tianfeng Ta pagoda (originally 695) was destroyed several times, its current shape dates back to the 14th century. – About 15 km north of the city, the Baguo Si temple (1013), is considered to be the oldest surviving wooden structure south of the Yangtze River. Tiantong Si Temple (4th century) is 35 km and Ayuwang Si Temple (5th century) is 20 km east of the city.