World Heritage Sites in Croatia

By | September 23, 2021

On the basis of the 1990 Constitution, amended in 1992, 1997 and 2000, the president of the republic is endowed with broad powers and is elected by direct suffrage for 5 years, while the single-chamber Parliament after an amendment to the Constitution in 2001 which abolished the Chamber of the counties, it is formed by the National Assembly (Sabor) of 151 members, of which 6 are the representatives of the Croatian communities abroad and 5 those of the minorities. It, renewed every 4 years, gives confidence to the executive, made up of 15 ministries, whose head is designated by the President of the Republic. On the administrative level, the territory is divided into 21 županije (counties), among which one is that of the capital and another corresponds to its region. The judicial system, based on the continental European system and autonomous with respect to the other powers of the state, is made up of courts over which a Supreme Court dominates. The death penalty is not in effect. Primary and secondary education comprises three four-year cycles, of which the first two are compulsory and free. At the age of 15, you can attend high schools which consist of four addresses: literary, scientific, technical and artistic. Minorities are guaranteed courses held in their mother tongue. Illiteracy affects 1.3% of the Croatian population (2007).

World Heritage Sites (K) and World Natural Heritage (N)

  • Old Town of Dubrovnik (K; 1979)
  • Old town and palace of Emperor Diocletian in Split (K; 1979)
  • Plitvice Lakes National Park (N; 1979)
  • Old town of Trogir (K; 1997)
  • Euphrasiana Basilica and the historic center of Poreč (K; 1997)
  • Dom Sveti Jakov in Šibenik (K; 2000)
  • Stari Grad Plain (K; 2008)
  • Stećci – medieval tombstones (K; 2016)
  • Old beech forests and primeval beech forests (N; 2017)
  • Venetian defense system of the 15th to 17th centuries (K; 2017)

Stari Grad Plain (World Heritage)

The Stari Grad plain in the western part of the island of Hvar is a cultural landscape that has been preserved for over 2400 years. The region inhabited by Greek colonists was founded in 228 BC. Conquered by the Romans and the city of Stari Grad almost completely destroyed. The remains of the colony, however, are among the oldest evidence of ancient settlement culture. To this day, the same crops such as grapevines and olive trees are grown. Check themakeupexplorer to see Croatia Tour Plan.

Stari Grad Plain: Facts

Official title: Stari Grad Plain
Cultural monument: In the northwest of the Adriatic Croatian island of Hvar near the port town of Stari Grad (“Old Town”), the plain with evidence of Greek settlement; 385 BC The Ionic Greeks expelled the Illyrian residents from the island of Paros (under the protection of Dionysus the Elder of Syracuse) and founded the city and Greek polis Pharos with an extensive system of fortifications and roads on the site of today’s Stari Grad; 228 BC Captured by the Romans and later destroyed; Traces of ancient city walls (Cyclops walls) and stone shelters; Remains of the ancient Greek land development and parceling for wine, wheat and olive cultivation, which has remained unchanged to this day, exist on an area of ​​30 km² (“Chora”); approx. 70 ancient Greek parcels with an average size of 1,000 x 200 m
Continent: Europe
Country: Croatia
Location: Stari Grad, island of Hvar, 4 km from the southern Croatian mainland
Appointment: 2008
Meaning: Outstanding evidence of one of the oldest documented ancient settlements in Europe; Traces of early agricultural development with over 2000 years of use that has continued to this day

Stari Grad Plain (World Heritage)

Cathedral in Šibenik (World Heritage)

The cathedral in the Dalmatian Adriatic city was built from 1431–1555 at the transition from Gothic to Renaissance. It combines local, northern Italian and Tuscan influences. The west facade, which traces a three-leaf clover, is unique of its kind.

Cathedral in Šibenik: facts

Official title: Cathedral of St. Jacob in Šibenik
Cultural monument: St. Jacob’s Cathedral, built in over 100 years of construction at the transition from the late Gothic to the Renaissance; planned by Italian builders, continued by Juran Dalmatinac, completed by Niccolò di Fiorentino; with lion portal (taken over from the previous church), main portal with depictions of apostles, roof construction and 32 m high crossing dome over the central nave made of mortarless interlocking stone slabs; inside a frieze with over 70 portrait heads of – in some cases grotesquely exaggerated – contemporaries and citizens of the city; Holy Cross Altar, wooden pulpit (1624)
Continent: Europe
Country: Croatia
Location: Šibenik, Dalmatia
Appointment: 2000
Meaning: Testimony to the intensive cultural exchange between northern Italy, Dalmatia and Tuscany in the 15th and 16th centuries

Cathedral in Šibenik: history

around 1000 Sveta Ana Fortress
1066 First documentary mention
1133 Belongs to the Kingdom of Hungary-Croatia
1167 City charter for Šibenik and bishopric
1412 Šibenik to the Republic of Venice
1431 Start of construction on the cathedral
1441 Construction of the Bishop’s Palace
1533-42 Construction of the city loggia (town hall)
1535 Completion of the cathedral
16./17. Century Expansion of the city as a sea fortress against the Turks; economic heyday
1797 Kingdom of Austria-Hungary
1920 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1991-94 Destruction during the Yugoslav civil war