Brno (Czech Republic)
The city of Brno began to be built around the ancient Spielberg Castle, built in the 13th century as a powerful fortress to protect Moravia from attacks from the south, later converted into a Renaissance castle, and in the 18th century turned into one of the most terrible prisons. The city is located between Budapest and Prague. After the construction of the Brno – Vienna railway, the city developed into a large industrial center.
To Brno a huge number of interesting places, one of which is the central and largest square of the city – Freedom Square, which was previously called the Lower Market, St. John’s Church (St. John’s Church) with painted ceilings, beautiful altarpieces and an old organ, Dominican Square, Old Town Hall, Vegetable Market Square, Capuchin Square, St. Peter and Paul Cathedral with a clock that strikes noon at 11 o’clock – in memory of the events of 1645, when the bell ringer saved the city during the siege by the Swedes, ringing noon an hour earlier.
You should definitely visit the Monastery of the Augustins, the Moravian gallery of applied arts and the Exhibition Center, where international exhibitions are held. Brno center- pedestrian zone. On the market square there is a “green” market, as well as the oldest theater in the city (XV century) and the Moravian Museum in the Dietrichstein Palace (1760). One of the main local attractions is the Capuchin Monastery (1651) with a “mummy crypt” in which monks and representatives of the local aristocracy are buried.
Not far from Brno is the Slavkov Castle, known mainly under the name of Austerlitz. It was here that the bloody “battle of the three emperors” took place – the Battle of Austerlitz.
And north of Brno, on the Drahanska upland, there is the region most visited by tourists – the Moravian Karst, where all kinds of karst phenomena are concentrated on a relatively small area (120 km2.) – karst landscapes with canyons, grottoes, deep dips, underground lakes and rivers, as well as more than 400 caves. Travelers will enjoy a magnificent walk through the caves and a fascinating boat trip along the underground river and lake, located at a depth of 40 m, to the almost 140-meter Macocha abyss.
Karlovy Vary (Czech Republic)
According to ablogtophone, Karlovy Vary is the largest and most famous Czech spa, founded by Charles IV in the 14th century. Located in western Bohemia, 130 km from Prague and 60 km from the border with Germany in the valley of the Tepla River at its confluence with the Ohře River. The city has a rich cultural program, several cultural events of international importance are held here every year: the international jazz festival, Turfilm – a film festival with a tourist theme, and, of course, the International Film Festival, which gathers “stars” from all over the world.
It has its own airport. In Karlovy Vary are used to treat 13 healing springs with a temperature of 42 to 72 degrees, similar in chemical composition. The treatment includes a unique combination of drinking cures, baths, applications and other treatments. It is recommended to take a course of 7 to 28 days. The resort specializes in the treatment of diseases of the digestive tract, liver, pancreas, dysfunction of the endocrine glands, obesity, diseases of the joints and spine.
Marianske Lazne (Czech Republic)
Marianske Lazne is the youngest resort in Western Bohemia. It is located 160 km west of Prague and 48 km south of Karlovy Vary. The resort is distinguished by its unchanging beauty at any time of the year. One hundred years ago, the famous American inventor Edison said: “There is no more beautiful resort in the whole world.” It is also often called the “city in the sea of greenery” or the “green pearl of the Czech Republic” because the valley in which the resort is located is surrounded by wooded peaks on all sides, and the city itself is like a continuous wonderful park.
Until the beginning of the XIX century. there were impenetrable peat bogs, and the territory belonged to the Tepel Monastery. The founders of the city at the beginning of the XIX century. became the abbot of the monastery Karl Kaspar Reitenberger and the monastery doctor Jan Josef Hep. The main merit of creating the city’s unique beauty belongs to the garden architect Vaclav Skalnik.
The city was visited by a large number of famous guests. Visits of European emperors, kings, princes, the Persian Shah, the Russian nobility contributed to the development of the resort town. In 1902, the Orthodox Church of St. Vladimir was built, which houses the only porcelain iconostasis in Europe, made by Russian masters of the second half of the 19th century.
Marianske Lazne – a well-known balneological resort. Healing springs gush in the Slavkovsky forest, and there are about 40 of them in the city itself. Unlike Karlovy Vary springs, these are cold waters of shallow occurrence. The waters are used for drinking, inhalation and baths. Along with mineral springs, mud and natural carbon dioxide are used for treatment. No less important are walks in the surrounding area, where the clean, tonic air is enriched with the oxygen of coniferous forests.
Currently, the number of guests of Marianske Lazne is several times higher than the number of residents of the city. Sports lovers will find tennis courts, swimming pools, gyms, golf courses, horseback riding here. The cultural life of the city is rich and varied: concerts, theatrical performances, dance evenings and entertainment programs are held in the House of Culture “Casino” and the city theater, and in the summer – also on the colonnade and in the music pavilion at the Forest Spring. An extraordinary impression is made by the unique attraction of the resort – “The Singing Fountain”. Every year Marianske Lazne hosts the Chopin Music Festival and the grand opening of the spa season with the obligatory consecration of the springs.
Jachymov (Czech Republic)
Jachymov is a balneological resort on the southern slopes of the Ore Mountains. It is located 20 km north of Karlovy Vary. The area in which the resort is located is unique in terms of the number of mineral deposits. At the beginning of the XVI century. the richest deposits of silver ore were discovered here. Jachymov instantly became famous and received the title of a royal city with the right to mint the famous Jachymov thalers, the first freely convertible European currency.
The main attractions of the city are the Church of St. Jachym, the late Gothic town hall, the Baroque Jansk Chapel and the Royal Mint.
The main remedy at the resort is radon baths, the water for which is taken from radioactive thermal springs with temperatures of +26-34 o C. Local medical centers and clinics are treated with diseases of the vessels, musculoskeletal system, peripheral nervous system.
Jachymov is located in a very picturesque place. It stands at an altitude of 650 m and is surrounded by forests. From here you can climb the highest point of the Ore Mountains – Mount Klinovec (1244 m). Klinovec has many ski slopes of various difficulty categories. The slopes of the mountain are equipped with lifts and trails of varying degrees of difficulty. Here you can rent ski equipment, snowboard, sleds, as well as use the services of a ski school.
Just 5 km from Jachymov is the most popular winter sports center – the city of Bozi Dar. This is a medieval mining village that has preserved its unique architecture, and the highest mountainous settlement in the Czech Republic.