Cayo Guillermo, Cayo Guillermo island (Cuba)
Cayo Guillermo is located 20 km west of Cayo Coco in the province of Ciego de Avila. Its area is only 18 sq. km. Cayo Guillermo is connected to Cayo Coco by an embankment dam, walking along which you can see dolphins swimming in the sea and pink flamingos living here. The island is known for its sand dunes, extensive palm and mangrove groves, and coral reefs.
The main beach areas of Cayo Guillermo are El Paso, Del Medio, Larga and El Pilar. They stretched along the island for 5 km. Near El Pilar beach there is a 16 m high sand dune. Other beaches are also surrounded by small sand dunes. The local hotels are built in the form of separate villas with terraces. This is one of the quietest resorts in Cuba. Cayo Guillermo is also considered one of the best places for deep sea fishing.
Cayo Coco, Cayo Coco island (Cuba)
The island of Cayo Coco is located in the province of Ciego de Avila, 27 km north of the island of Cuba and is connected to it by a causeway. The development of this island began recently, but the goal was immediately set to make it the main resort of the country, so chic hotels and restaurants are now being built here. The area of the island is 370 sq. km.
The resort area of Cayo Coco stretches along the northern coast of the island for 22 km. The island’s main beaches are Prohibida, Lan Conchas and Larga. Close to the coast of Cayo Coco stretched coral reef 400 km long. There are such marine life as horse mackerels, snappers, barracudas and sharks. The depth of diving in these places varies from 5 to 40 m.
In the southern part of the island there are wetlands where many birds live, including cormorants, woodpeckers, pelicans, ducks, mockingbirds, gray herons and one of the largest colonies of pink flamingos in the world, numbering about 30,000 individuals.
Cayo Largo, Cayo Largo island (Cuba)
80 km south of the island of Cuba in the Caribbean Sea is the island of Cayo Largo, which is part of the Canarreos archipelago. This is the main Cuban diving center. The water here is warmer than on the northern coast of the island of Cuba, and, accordingly, the underwater world is more diverse here. The main recreation areas are located in the southern part of Cayo Largo. Their remoteness from the island of Cuba, the lack of local population and the diversity of flora and fauna have made these places a real tourist paradise, where you can relax in peace and far from civilization among untouched nature. The main beaches of the island are Blanca (the largest beach), Sirena, Lindamar, Luna, Tortugas and Coconut. At Sirena Beach, the sand consists of oolitic limestone granules that do not heat up even in the most extreme heat.
In the coastal waters of Cayo Largo many sunken ships of the 16th-18th centuries, on which pirates sailed. There are more than 30 dive sites that can be combined into three zones. The zone closest to the coast has a typical coral bottom with reefs and tunnels. As it moves away from the coast, it descends to a depth of 30 m, where underwater rocks already begin. The second zone is located 30 km west of the island. The average diving depth here is about 20 m, and local corals have created real labyrinths through which tropical fish swim. 50 km northeast of the island is the third zone with a wide variety of coral walls, descending to a depth of 200 m.
According to bestitude, Trinidad was founded in 1514 in the central part of the south coast of the island of Cuba. This is one of the oldest cities in the country, as evidenced by the numerous buildings of the colonial period. For its architecture, Trinidad has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. You can see the main attractions of Trinidad in the vicinity of the Main Square. It is also known among tourists as a city of museums. It has the Historical Museum, the Archaeological Museum, the Humboldt Museum of Natural Sciences and even the Romantic Museum.
There are two beaches near the city – Maria Aguilar and Ancon. They are located on the Ancon Peninsula, 12 km southeast of Trinidad. In the coastal waters of the Ancon Peninsula, there are about 20 dive sites where you will see black corals that form formations up to 5m high, a wide variety of sponges, gorgonians and tropical fish.
Not far from Trinidad, in the San Luis Valley, there are extensive sugar plantations. In their vicinity, the ruins of an old sugar factory of the 19th century have been preserved, where you can see huge boilers and millstones. To the north of Trinidad, the Escambray Mountains stretch. In these mountains, at an altitude of 800 m above sea level, the Topes de Collantes National Park was created to protect endemic plant and animal species.. The area of the park is 200 sq. km. It is riddled with numerous hiking trails that pass through mountain peaks, picturesque valleys, waterfalls and rivers.