Hobart is the capital of Tasmania. It is located at the mouth of the River Derwent at the foot of Mount Wellington. The history of Hobart is no less rich than that of other oldest cities in Australia.
Hobart was founded in 1804 (before Melbourne) and still retains the flavor of that era. True, the British settled in these unfriendly places not entirely of their own free will. Noticing the clear interest of the French in this area, the British government hastened to annex the island discovered by the Dutch many years ago to their empire. For a long time this territory was used as a place of exile for convicts. But since the River Derwent has been recognized as Australia’s best deep-sea harbor and its surroundings as a whale and seal trading center, Hobart has quickly grown into a major and prosperous port.
Although Hobart is a port city, there is a lot to see. In order to better feel its atmosphere, you need to slowly walk through the squares of Salamanca and Franklin, see the old buildings of the XIX century. (Parliament building, Royal theatre, Anglesi barracks, courthouses and prisons, St. David’s Cathedral). You can play giant chess in Franklin Square.
Not far from the city center is the Royal Botanic Gardens, the second oldest garden in Australia. The country’s first legal casino Wrest point is located here, which has become a very popular attraction. Hobart has the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery. With a rental car, you can easily get to Mount Wellington and view the city from a height of 1271 m.
West of Hobart Cradle Mountain-Lake Saint Clair National Park is a natural world heritage site. It covers an area of 10813 km2 and includes four national parks, two state reserves, two conservation areas and state forests. These wild places stretch from the coast to the heart of Tasmania, rising to 1615 m above sea level. The riparian temperate rainforest features both evergreen and deciduous trees. In this humid and mild climate, many types of trees flourish, reaching colossal heights. In some places, thickets of eucalyptus, the tallest plant in the world, form a forest canopy at a height of 90 m. The park provides a unique opportunity to get to know its inhabitants, including opossums, walabies, as they come very close to your place of residence in the expectation that their something to eat.
Tasmania is a frequent venue for various festivals, the most popular of which is the Summer Festival, which takes place just in Hobart and is usually held in late December – early January. During the days of the festival, often coinciding with the New Year holidays, fun overwhelms all of Tasmania. Among the many entertainments, visitors to the festival pay special attention to wine tasting and various dishes of both local cuisine and foreign dishes prepared “in the Tasmanian style”. A similar food and wine “festival within a festival” is called “Taste of Tasmania” and is a forum for many representatives of the restaurant business.
According to psyknowhow, Melbourne is considered the cultural and intellectual capital of the Southern Hemisphere – despite the fact that the second Australian metropolis is almost 50 years younger than Sydney, its history is much more entertaining. Over the 170 years of its existence, Melbourne even managed to visit the capital of Australia – this happened at the beginning of the twentieth century, when the current capital – Canberra was still under construction. And it is here that the oldest house in Australia is located – this is the James Cook memorial, which consists of the dwelling of the great navigator transported here from England.
Rise of Melbourne was associated with the Australian “gold rush” of the 19th century, when prospectors arrived in Australia in the thousands, which made Melbourne the most populated city on the continent at the end of the century before last.
Even having lost its capital status in 1927, Melbourne retained its position as an intellectual and sports center – there are prestigious schools and universities, the best museums and theaters, such as the National Gallery, Victoria Art Center, Melbourne Concert Hall, Theaters Building and Performing Arts museum.
In addition, many festivals are held here, including the Melbourne International Comedy Festival and the Melbourne International Film Festival.
Any tourist visiting Melbourne should definitely take a look at the “Penguin Parade” taking place on Phillip Island and stop by Seal Rocks, where Australia ‘s largest colony of fur seals is located.
Along the coast to the west of Melbourne is one of the greatest roads in the world – Great Ocean Road – one of the symbols of Australia.
One and a half million Perth is the capital of Western Australia, and is famous primarily for its sandy beaches, where you can sunbathe almost all year round. Also, the attention of tourists is riveted by the oldest trees – “curry”, whose age is many hundreds of years. Of the cultural sites here, it is worth visiting the Western Australian Art Gallery and the Maritime Museum.
Diving enthusiasts should definitely appreciate the underwater world of Rottnert Island, which resembles a small kangaroo in its shape.