Vietnam Road Network

By | December 29, 2022

De expressways in Vietnam.

Overview

According to wholevehicles, Vietnam has a relatively extensive road network, which, however, is not always of the same high standard. The road network is developing strongly, especially around Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City and increasingly also around the smaller cities in the center of the country. The road network in the border region is often poorly developed. Vietnam has a limited network of motorways, which is expanding rapidly.

Traffic in the cities is chaotic, due to a strong mix of non-motorized and slow traffic, hundreds of thousands of scooters and cars. The number of passenger cars is on the rise. The disorganized mix of fast and slow traffic makes Vietnam one of the most unsafe countries in the world. Urban highways are limited in number although they are being expanded to separate fast traffic from local slow traffic. Especially in Hanoi, urban highways are being built. A national highway network is lacking, partly due to the large distances between north and south. More recently, a number of radial highways have been built from Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. Motorbikes and scooters with less than 70 cc are not allowed on highways.

Spectacular bridges are being built in the Mekong Delta. Due to the many broad branches of the Mekong, the extreme south is not always easily accessible from the rest of the country. Highways in this area often run for greater distances elevated due to the uncontrolled flooding of the Mekong.

New highways are being built around the major cities, usually along new routes. These highways are of high quality, with modern design requirements. Ring roads are being built around Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.

Road management

Road management is a task of the Ministry of Transport, which has shaped this in the General Department of Roads. Day -to-day management is the responsibility of the Road Administration (Cục Quản lý đường bộ). The highways are constructed and maintained by various administrators, the largest of which is the Vietnam Expressway Corporation (VEC).

History

In the French colonial period, the foundations were laid for the Vietnamese road network. From the 1890s, Vietnam began to industrialize. Infrastructure construction focused on the Mekong Delta and the Port of Saigon and the coalfields in northern Vietnam. During the time of French Indochina, Vietnam was much more developed than inland Laos and Cambodia. In the 1920s and 1930s, Vietnam was one of the most productive colonies in France. An important advantage Vietnam had was that almost all the cultivated land was close to the sea and therefore did not have to travel great distances over land for export.

In the 1920s-30s a modern network of roads was realized. The basis of this was a road program launched in 1911. Road classes were introduced in 1918 for financing purposes. The road network was divided into Routes locales, which people had to finance themselves locally, and the Routes coloniales, which were financed by the French state. The main road was the RC-1 from Hanoi to the border with Siam. A system of dikes and dike roads was also built in the Mekong Delta and the Red River Delta for agriculture and water management. Between 1900 and 1930, 9,000 kilometers of asphalted and improved roads were built in Vietnam. In 1943 French Indochina had a network of 32,000 kilometers of gravel road and 5,700 kilometers of tarmac road, one of the most developed networks in the Far East.

Apart from a brief conflict, French Indochina was not a battleground during the Second World War, which also spared the infrastructure. It was under the rule of Vichy France, an ally of Nazi Germany and also Japan. After World War II, a power vacuum developed, it was the beginning of 30 years of instability and brutal conflict in Vietnam, first the war against the French and then the war between North Vietnam and South Vietnam.

During the conflict, Vietnam’s infrastructure was largely destroyed. North Vietnam in particular was heavily bombed by the American air force. The damage in South Vietnam was less because the Americans were superior in the air. Infrastructure in South Vietnam was mainly damaged by conflicts on the ground. Infamous was the bombing of the Thanh Hóa Bridge, which was attacked dozens of times over a period of 7 years, but each time the Americans failed to destroy the bridge.

After the end of the Vietnam War, the situation did not immediately return to normal. The country was littered with unexploded ordnance, and Vietnam’s development as a communist country was slow for a long time. It remained one of the poorest countries in the world for decades and investment in road infrastructure was minimal. In the 1980s, Vietnam received funding from the Soviet Union, some of which was used to repair war-damaged bridges.

In the 90s Vietnam slowly started to modernize, it was also in this period that the first highways were built, especially around Hanoi. After 2000, Vietnam’s economy started to grow significantly and relations with many countries improved greatly. It became an increasingly interesting destination for foreign investment. One of the spearheads of the infrastructure in the period 2000-2010 was the construction of the first bridges over the Mekong and its tributaries in the south of the country. However, the modern roads were mainly built around Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City initially lagged behind in the modernization of the urban road infrastructure.

After 2010, the modernization of the road network accelerated. Road plans were unfolded in 2015 and 2021 to build a large network of motorways connecting all parts of the country. Initially, this focused on developing the North-South Expressway between Hanoi and the Mekong Delta, plus small radial networks from Hanoi and to a lesser extent Ho Chi Minh City. After 2015, the development of the motorway network accelerated.

Highways in Vietnam

A highway is called a Đường cao tốc in Vietnam. The motorways have been numbered since 2015 (see under Road numbering). The prefix is ​​’CT’ (cao tốc). In the English language communication and media, the term ” expressway ” is used, similar to China, Malaysia, India and Japan. The 2021 road plan included the construction of a network of ultimately 9,014 kilometers of motorway, of which 5,000 kilometers should be built in the period up to 2030.

Road management

Part of the expressways is managed by the Vietnam Expressway Corporation (VEC). The Vietnam Expressway Corporation was established in 2004 to build highways. In 2006, construction began on the VEC’s first expressway, the Cau Gie – Ninh Binh Expressway.

Expressways in Vietnam
North-South ExpresswayNorth South Expressway (CT.01) • North South Expressway – West (CT.02)

Region North

Hanoi – Dien Bien Expressway (CT.03) • Hanoi – Hai Phong Expressway (CT.04) • Hanoi – Lao Cai Expressway (CT.05) • Hai Phong – Mong Cai Expressway (CT.06) • Hanoi – Cao Bang Expressway (CT.07) • Ninh Binh – Hai Phong Expressway (CT.08) • Noi Bai – Ha Long Expressway (CT.09) • Tien Yen – Cao Bang Expressway (CT.10) • Phu Ly – Nam Dinh Expressway (CT).11) • Ha Giang Expresway (CT.12) • Bao Ha – Lai Chau Expressway (CT.13) • Cho Ben – Yen My Expressway (CT.14) • Tuyen Quang – Ha Giang Expressway (CT.15)

Region Central

Hung Yen – Thai Binh Expressway (CT.16) • Vinh – Thanh Thuy Expressway (CT.17) • Vung Ang – Cha Lo Expressway (CT.18) • Cam Lo – Lao Bao Expressway (CT.19) • Quy Nhon – Le Thanh Expressway (CT.20) • Da Nang – Bo Y Expressway (CT.21) • Quang Nam – Quang Ngai Expressway (CT.22) • Phu Yen – Dak Lak Expressway (CT.23) • Khanh Hoa – Buon Ma Thuot Expressway (CT.24) • Nha Trang – Lien Khuong Expressway (CT.25) • Lien Khuong – Buon Ma Thuot Expressway (CT.26)

Region South

Dau Giay – Lien Khuong Expressway (CT.27) • Bien Hoa – Vung Tau Expressway (CT.28) • Ho Chi Minh City – Dau Giay Expressway (CT.29) • Ho Chi Minh City – Hoa Lu Expressway (CT.30)) • Ho Chi Minh City – Moc Bai Expressway (CT.31) • Go Dau – Xa Mat Expressway (CT.32) • Ho Chi Minh City – Soc Trang Expressway (CT.33) • Chao Doc – Soc Trang Expressway (CT.33).34) • Ha Tien – Bac Lieu Expressway (CT.35) • Hong Ngu – Tra Vinh Expressway (CT.36)

Ring roads

3rd Ring Road (Hanoi) (CT.37) • 4th Ring Road (Hanoi) (CT.38) • 5th Ring Road (Hanoi) (CT.39) • 3rd Ring Road (Ho Chi Minh City) (CT.40) • 4th Ring Road (Ho Chi Minh City) (CT.41)

Main roads

Zie highway.

A quốc lộ, abbreviated QL, is the name of a national highway in Vietnam. The country has 127 national trunk roads with a total length of 17,530 kilometers.

Asian Highways

Asian Highways in Vietnam
AH1 • AH13 • AH14 • AH15 • AH16 • AH17 • AH21 • AH131 • AH132

Bridges

De Can Tho Bridge.

Bridges in the Mekong Delta

The mighty Mekong River splits into numerous branches in southern Vietnam, creating the great Mekong Delta. This area is flat and densely populated, but for a long time it lacked bridge connections, one had to cross the many branches by ferry, which made traveling in the Mekong Delta time-consuming. The Mekong has four major branches, which split into more branches near the coast in connection with elongated islands in the mouth. From about 2000 a number of new bridges were built, mostly large cable-stayed bridges. The first bridge opened to traffic in 2000. However, it was not until 2010 that the first bridge route to the southernmost part of Vietnam was ready.

use Opening year Type Main span (m)
My Thuan Bridge 2000 Cable-stayed bridge 350 m
Rach Mieu Bridge 2008 Cable-stayed bridge 270 m
Ham Luong Bridge 2010 quiver bridge 150 m
Can Tho Bridge 2010 Cable-stayed bridge 550 m
Cao Lanh Bridge 2018 Cable-stayed bridge 350 m
Vam Cong Bridge 2019 Cable-stayed bridge 450 m

Bridges over the Red River in Hanoi

De Nhat Tan Bridge.

This is an overview of bridges over the Sông Hồng (Red River) in Hanoi.

use Opening year Type Main overvoltage
Thang Long Bridge 1985 Truss bridge ? m
Nhat Tan Bridge 2015 Cable-stayed bridge 300 m
Long Bien Bridge 1902 Truss bridge 106 m
Chuong Duong Bridge 1985 Truss bridge ? m
Vinh Tuy Bridge 2009 quiver bridge 135 m
Thanh Tri Bridge 2007 quiver bridge 130 m

Tol

Tolls often have to be paid on expressways. In 2017, electronic toll collection was introduced by the Việt Nam Expressway Corporation.

Road numbering

The road network is numbered with one to three digit numbers, with the main road network numbered in two cobwebs from Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. The motorways are numbered separately in a zonal network with CT numbers. There used to be two different numbering systems in North and South Vietnam, later this has become one, although the numbering itself still clearly characterizes the two parts of the country. Cross-border roads keep the same number with Laos and Cambodia. The QL1A (Quốc lộ 1A) is the main road from Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City.

Expressways

In 2015, road numbering of 22 CT routes (cao tốc) was established. In 2021 this will be expanded to a network of 41 planned CT routes.

Road numbering from 2021

A zonal system has been applied in the 2021 numbering system. The numbers CT.01 and CT.02 are the two branches of the North-South Expressway. The numbers CT.03 to CT.16 are connections in the north of Vietnam. Numbers CT.16 to CT.26 are connections in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. The numbers CT.27 to CT.36 are routes in the south of Vietnam. In addition, the numbers CT.37 to CT.39 are the ring roads of Hanoi and CT.40 and CT.41 ring roads of Ho Chi Minh City.

# Number Name Procedure
CT.01 North-South Expressway East (North-South Expressway, east side) Hanoi – Ninh Binh – Da Nang – Dau Giay – Ho Chi Minh – Can Tho
CT.02 North-South Expressway (North-South Expressway, west side) Phu Tho – Hoa Binh – Da Nang – Dong Nai – Ho Chi Minh – Kien Giang
CT.03 Expressway Hanoi – Hoa Binh – Son La – Dien Bien Hanoi – Hoa Binh – Son La – Dien Bien
CT.04 Hanoi – Hai Phong Expressway Hanoi – Haiphong
CT.05 Expressway Hanoi – Viet Tri – Lao Cai Hanoi – Lao Cai
CT.06 Hai Phong – Ha Long – Van Don – Mong Cai Expressway Haiphong – Halong – Van Don – Mong Cai
CT.07 Expressway Hanoi – Thai Nguyen – Bac Kan – Cao Bang Hanoi – Bac Kan – Cao Bang
CT.08 Ninh Binh – Hai Phong Expressway Ninh Binh – Haiphong
CT.09 Noi Bai – Bac Ninh – Ha Long Expressway Noi Bai – Bac Ninh – Halong
CT.10 Tien Yen – Lang Son – Cao Bang Expressway Tien Yen – Lang Song – Cao Bang
CT.11 Phu Ly – Nam Dinh Expressway Phu Ly – Nam Dinh
CT.12 Expressway Route connecting Hanoi – Lao Cai expressway with Ha Giang Connection between Hanoi – Lao Cai Expressway and Ha Giang
CT.13 Bao Ha – Lai Chau Expressway Bao Ha – Lai Chau
CT.14 Cho Ben – Yen My Expressway Cho ben – Yen My
CT.15 Tuyen Quang – Ha Giang Expressway Tuyen Quang – Ha Giang
CT.16 Hung Yen – Thai Binh Expressway Hung Yen – Thai Binh
CT.17 Vinh – Thanh Thuy Expressway Vinh – Thanh Thuy
CT.18 Vung Ang – Cha Lo Expressway Click Download to save Vung Ang – Cha Lo mp3 youtube com
CT.19 Cam Lo – Lao Bao Expressway Cam Lo – Lao Bao
CT.20 Quy Nhon – Pleiku – Le Thanh Expressway Quy Nhon – Pleiku – Le Thanh
CT.21 Expressway Da Nang – Thach My – Ngoc Hoi – Bo Y Da Nang – Thach My – Ngoc Hoi – Bo Y
CT.22 Quang Nam – Quang Ngai Expressway Quang Nam – Quang Ngai
CT.23 Phu Yen – Dak Lak Expressway Phy Yen – Dak Lak
CT.24 Khanh Hoa – Buon Ma Thuot Expressway Khanh Hoa – Buon Ma Thuot
CT.25 Expressway Nha Trang – Lien Khuong Nha Trang – Lien Khuong
CT.26 Lien Khuong – Buon Ma Thuot Expressway Lien Khuong – Buon Ma Thuot
CT.27 Dau Giay – Lien Khuong Expressway Dau Giay – Lien Khuong
CT.28 Bien Hoa – Vung Tau Expressway Bien Hoa – Vung Tau
CT.29 City Expressway. Ho Chi Minh – Long Thanh – Dau Giay Ho Chi Minh City – Long Thanh – Dau Giay
CT.30 City Expressway. Ho Chi Minh – Chon Thanh – Hoa Lu Ho Chi Minh city – Chon Thanh – Hoa Lu
CT.31 City Expressway. Ho Chi Minh – Moc Bai Ho Chi Minh City – Moc Bai
CT.32 Go Dau – Xa Mat Expressway GO Dau – Xa Mat
CT.33 City Expressway. Ho Chi Minh – Tien Giang – Ben Tre – Tra Vinh – Soc Trang Ho Chi Minh City – Tien Gang – Ben Tre – Tra Vinh – Soc Trang
CT.34 Chau Doc – Can Tho – Soc Trang Expressway Chau Doc – Can Tho – Soc Trang
CT.35 Ha Tien – Rach Gia – Bac Lieu Expressway Ha Tien – Rach Gia – Bac Lieu
CT.36 Hong Ngu – Tra Vinh Expressway Hong Ngu – Tra Vinh
CT.37 Belt 3 Hanoi 3rd Ring Road
CT.38 Belt 4 Hanoi 4th Ring Road
CT.39 Belt 5 Hanoi 5th Ring Road
CT.40 Belt 3 Ho Chi Minh City 3rd Ring Road
CT.41 Belt 4 Ho Chi Minh City 4th Ring Road

Road numbering of 2015

See road numbering of expressways in Vietnam (2015).

National roads

Way number Km Start/End point Places on the route Crossing roads
1A highway 2395 Lang Son – Ca Mau Hanoi – Ninh Binh – Vinh – Hue – Da Nang – Ho Chi Minh City – My Tho – Can Tho 1B, 4B, 279, 37, 18, 38, 5, 21, 21B,
38B, 10, 12B, 217, 47, 45, 36, 48B,
48A, 7, 46A, 8B, 8A, 12C, 12A, 16, 9,
9D, 49B, 49, 14B, 14E, 40B, 24B, 24,
19B, 19, 19C, 1D, 25, 29, 26B, 26, 1C,
27B, 27, 28B, 28, 55, 56, 20, 15, 51,
1K, 13, 22, 62, 50, 60, 30, 80, 53, 54, 91C, 61B, 61, QL-PH, 63
National Highway 1B 145 Lang Son – Thai Nguyen National Road 4A – Cao Loc – Van Quan – Binh Gia – Bac Son – Vo Nhai – Dong Hy – Highway 37 QL279, QL4A, QL3, QL37
National Highway 1C 17.3 Khanh Hoa National Highway 1A (Ru Ri Pass) – Nha Trang – Dien Khanh town – National Highway 1A QL1A
National Highway 1D 35 Binh Dinh – Phu Yen National Highway 1A – Quy Nhon (Binh Dinh) – Song Cau (Phu Yen) – National Highway 1A QL1A
National Highway 1K 21 Ho Chi Minh City – Dong Nai National Highway 1A – Thu Duc – Di An – Hoa An Bridge – Bien Hoa City QL1A
National Highway 2 268 Vinh Phuc – Ha Giang Vinh Yen city – Viet Tri – Tuyen Quang – Thanh Thuy border gate (Ha Giang) QL2A&QL2C, CT05, QL32C, QL37, QL279, QL4C
National Highway 2A 45 Hanoi – Vinh Phuc Phu Lo – Kim Anh – Huong Canh – Vinh Yen – Highway 2 & Highway 2C AH14, QL18, QL2
Highway 2B 50 Vinh Phuc National Highway 2C – Vinh Yen City – Tam Dao QL2C, CT05
Highway 2C 117 Hanoi – Tuyen Quang Highway 32 (Duong Lam) – Vinh Tuong – Vinh Yen – Yen Son – Highway 37 QL21&QL32, QL2A, QL2B, CT05, QL37, QL2
Highway 3 351 Hanoi – Cao Bang Duong Bridge – Soc Son – Thai Nguyen – Bac Can – Ngan Son – Cao Bang – Ta Lung CK QL18, QL37, QL279, QL34, QL4A
Highway 3B 128 Bac Can – Lang Son National Highway 3 (Bac Can City) – Na Ri – TT. That Khe – Po Ma border gate (Lang Son) QL3, Ql279, QL4A
Highway 3C 117 Thai Nguyen – Bac Can National Road 3 – Square Restaurant – Chu Market – So Pass – Bang Lung Town – Ba Be Lake – Highway 279 QL3, QL279
Highway 4A 128 Lang Son – Cao Bang Lang Son City – Na Sam Center – That Khe Center – Cao Bang City QL1A, Q3B
Highway 4B 93 Lang Son – Quang Ninh Lang Son City – Loc Binh Town – Na Duong Town – Dinh Lap Town – Tien Yen – National Road 18 QL1A, Q18
Highway 4C 214 Ha Giang – Cao Bang Highway 34 – Ha Giang City – Quan Ba ​​- Yen Minh – Dong Van – Meo Vac – Bao Lac – National Road 34 QL34
Highway 4D 191 Lai Chau – Lao Cai National Road 12 – Phong Tho – Lai Chau City – Tam Duong Town – Highway 32 – Lao Cai City – Muong Khuong QL12, QL100, QL32, QL4E, QL70
Highway 4E 44 Lao Cai Highway 70 – Bao Thang – Pho Lu – Lao Cai City – Kim Tan – Highway 4D QL70, QL4D
National Highway 4G 122 Son La – Laos National Highway 6 – Son La City – Mai Son – Song Ma – Sop Cop – Laos QL6
Highway 4H 200 Dien Bien – Laos Highway 12 – Muong Cha – Nam Po – Muong Nhe – Sin Thau QL12
National Highway 5A 116 Hanoi – Hai Phong Thang Long Industrial Park – Dong Anh – Nhu Quynh – Hai Duong – Hong Bang QL3, QL1A, QL18, QL38, QL37, QL10
National Highway 6 463 Hanoi – Dien Bien Ha Dong – Xuan Mai – Hoa Binh – Tan Lac – Son La – Tuan Giao – Muong Lay – Highway 12 QL21B, QL21, QL12B, QL15, QL43, QL37, QL4G, QL279, QL12
Highway 6B 33 Son La (Thuan Chau) Highway 279 QL6, QL279
Highway 6B 227 Nghe An (Dien Chau – Ky Son) Yen Thanh, Do Luong, Anh Son, Con Cuong, Tuong Duong, Ky Son QL1A, QL15, QL46
Highway 7 227 Nghe An (Dien Chau – Nam Can) Dien Chau – Do Luong – Anh Son – Phu Mat – Con Cuong – Tuong Duong NH1A, QL48C, HCM
Highway 7B 44.9 Nghe An (Dien Chau – Thanh Chuong) Dien Ky Commune (Dien Chau) – Thanh Dong Commune (Thanh Chuong) QL7A
Highway 8A 85 Ha Tinh (Hong Linh – Cau Treo) Hong Linh – Duc Tho – Huong Son – Cau Treo border gate National Highway 1A, National Highway 15, Ho Chi Minh City
Highway 8B 29 Ha Tinh (Hong Linh – Nghi Xuan) 1A highway QL1A
Highway 9A 118 Quang Tri (Dong Ha – Lao Bao) Cua Viet – Dong Ha – Cam Lo – Dak Rong – Khe Sanh – Lao Bao National Highway 1A, National Highway 14, National Highway 14, Ho Chi Minh City
Highway 9B 37 Quang Binh (Dong Hoi – Le Thuy) Nguyen Huu Canh Street – Van Ninh junction – Lam Ky junction National Highway 1A, HCM east, HCM west
National Highway 9D 10 Quang Tri (Dong Ha) The bypass route south of Dong Ha city connects National Highway 9 and National Highway 1A QL9, QL1A
Route 10 228 Quang Ninh – Thanh Hoa Quang Ninh – Hai Phong – Thai Binh – Nam Dinh – Ninh Binh – Thanh Hoa QL18, QL5, QL39B, QL38B, QL21A, QL21B, QL37B, QL1A, QL12B
Highway 12 206 Lai Chau – Dien Bien Ma Lu Thang – Phong Tho – Sin Ho – Muong Lay – Muong Cha – Dien Bien Phu QL100, 4D, 6, 4H
Highway 12A 117 Quang Binh (Ba Don – Cha Lo) Ba Don Town – Quang Trach – Tuyen Hoa – Minh Hoa – Song Gianh – Cha Lo QL1, QL12C, QL15, HCM
Highway 12B 141 Ninh Binh – Hoa Binh Kim Dong – Phat Diem – Tam Diep – Nho Quan – Yen Thuy – Tan Lac – Highway 6 QL10, QL21B, QL1A, HCM, QL6
Highway 12C 98 Ha Tinh – Quang Binh Vung Ang Port – Ky Anh – Dong Le Town – Tuyen Hoa – Ho Chi Minh Road NH1A, QL15, QL12A, HCM
Highway 13 143 Ho Chi Minh City – Binh Phuoc Binh Thanh – Thuan An – Thu Dau Mot – Ben Cat – Hoa Lu border gate National Highway 52, National Highway 1K, National Highway 1A, HCM, Highway 14
Highway 14 1001 Quang Tri – Binh Phuoc Da Krong Bridge – Kon Tum – Gia Lai – Dak Lak – Gia Nghia – Dong Xoai – Chon Thanh QL9A, 49, 14B, 14D, 14E, 40, 24, 19, 25, 29, 26, 14C, 28, HCM, 13
Highway 14B 74 Da Nang – Quang Nam Tien Sa Port – Hoa Vang – Nam Giang – Thanh My Town – National Highway 14 QL1A, QL14G, QL14
Highway 14C 375 Kon Tum – Dak Nong National Highway 40 – Chu Rom May National Park – Sa Thay – Duc Co – Buon Don – Cu Jut – Dak Song QL40, QL19, HCM
Highway 14D 75 Quang Nam (Nam Giang) Ho Chi Minh road – Ta Bhing – Cha Vai – Nam Giang – Laos border gate Ho Chi Minh road
Highway 14E 90 Quang Nam (Thang Binh – Phuoc Son) Ha Lam Center – Tan An Center – Phuoc Hiep – Ho Chi Minh Street NH1A, Ho Chi Minh Road
National Highway 14G 66 Quang Nam – Da Nang Ho Chi Minh City – Dong Giang – Hoa Vang – Da Nang – National Highway 1A Ho Chi Minh road
National Highway 15A 401 Hoa Binh – Quang Binh Mai Chau – Ngoc Lac – Nhu Xuan – Nam Dan – Duc Tho – Bo Trach – Tuyen Hoa QL6, HCM, 47, 45, 48A, 7A, 46A, 8, 12A, 9A
Highway 15B 44 Ha Tinh (Can Loc – Cam Xuyen) Dong Loc – Thach Ha junction – Thien Cam town QL15A, QL1A
National Highway 15C 127 Thanh Hoa (Ba Thuoc – Muong Lat) Canh Nang Town – Thanh Son – Phu Thanh – Trung Son – Muong Lat QL217, QL15A
Highway 15D 12.2 Quang Tri (Da Rong) Ho Chi Minh road – Da Rong – La Lay border gate Ho Chi Minh road
Highway 16 44 Quang Binh (Dong Hoi – Bo Trach) Dong Hoi City – Bo Trach – Phong Nha National Park Ho Chi Minh road
Highway 17 117 Hanoi – Thai Nguyen Buffalo Quy – Thuan Thanh – Gia Binh – Que Vo – Yen Dung – Yen The – Thai Nguyen QL5, 38, 18, 37, 1A
Highway 18A 340 Hanoi – Quang Ninh Noi Bai – Bac Ninh – Chi Linh – Uong Bi – Ha Long – Cam Pha – Mong Cai QL2, 3, 17, 1A, 37, 10, 4B, 18C
Highway 18B 39 Hanoi – Bac Ninh Duong Xa – Thuan Thanh – Gia Binh – Que Vo – Highway 18A QL5, 38, 18A
Highway 18C 45 Quang Ninh (Binh Lieu – Tien Yen) Hoanh Mo border gate – Binh Lieu – Tien Yen town – Highway 18A QL18A
Highway 19A 229 Binh Dinh – Gia Lai Quy Nhon Port – An Nhon – Tay Son – An Khe – Play Ku – Duc Co – 14C National Highway 1A, Highway 19B, HCM East, 14A
Highway 19B 59 Binh Dinh (Nhon Hoi – Phu Phong) Nhon Hoi – Cat Chanh – Phu Cat airport – Binh Hoa – Phu Phong – Highway 19A QL1A, QL19A
Highway 19C 182 Binh Dinh – Dak Lak Dieu Tri – La Hai – Son Hoa – Hai Rieng – Song Hinh – M’ Dak – Highway 26 QL1, 25, 29, 26
Highway 20 268 Dong Nai – Lam Dong Thong Nhat – Dinh Quan – Tan Phu – Bao Loc – Di Linh – Duc Trong – Da Lat QL1A, 55, 28, 28B, 27, 27C
Highway 21A 195 Hanoi – Nam Dinh Ho Chi Minh City – Chi Ne – Phu Ly – Binh Luc – Nam Dinh – Co Le – Con – Thinh Long HCM, 21B, 1A, 38B, 10, 37B
Highway 21B 210 Hanoi – Ninh Binh Ha Dong – Van Dinh – Phu Ly – Nam Dinh – Thinh Long – Phat Diem – Tam Diep. QL38, 21, 1A, 37, 10, 12B, 1A
Highway 22A 58 Ho Chi Minh City – Tay Ninh District 12 – Hoc Mon – Cu Chi – Trang Bang – Go Dau – Moc Bai Border Gate QL1, 22B
Highway 22B 183 Tay Ninh (Go Dau – Tan Bien) Go Dau – Tay Ninh – Tan Bien – border gate – Cambodia QL22A
Highway 23 23 Hanoi – Vinh Phuc National Highway 3 – Van Tri – Nam Hong – Me Linh – Dai Thinh – Phuc Yen – Highway 2A QL3, QL2A
Highway 24A 168 Quang Ngai – Kon Tum The intersection of Thach Tru – Duc Pho – Ba To – Kon Plong – Kon Ray – Kon Tum City QL1A, 24B, 14A
Highway 24B 108 Quang Ngai (Binh Son – Ba To) Sa Ky Port – Binh Son – Son Tinh – Son Ha – Ba To – Highway 24A QL1A, 24A
Highway 24C 71 Quang Ngai (Binh Son – Bac Tra My) Binh Son – Tra Bong – Tay Tra – Bac Tra My – Highway 40B QL1A, 40B
Highway 25 192 Phu Yen – Gia Lai Tuy Hoa – Son Hoa – A Yun Pa – Phu Thien – Chu Se – Ho Chi Minh Street Highway 1A, 19C, HCM
Highway 26 151 Khanh Hoa – Dak Lak Ninh Hoa – M’ Dak – Ea Kar – K Rong Pac – Buon Ma Thuot Highway 1A, 27, HCM
Highway 26B 12 Khanh Hoa (Ninh Hoa) National Highway 1A – Ninh Da – Ninh Tho – Ninh Thuy – Vinashin Hyundai Shipyard QL1A
Highway 27 277 Ninh Thuan – Dak Lak Phan Rang – Lien Khuong – Lam Ha – Dam Rong – Lak – Krong Ana – Buon Ma Thuot QL1A, 27B, 20, 26
Highway 27B 53 Ninh Thuan – Khanh Hoa Highway 27 – Tan Son – Phuoc Thanh – Cam Thinh Tay – National Highway 1A QL1A, 27A
Highway 27C 120 Khanh Hoa – Lam Dong Dien Khanh town – Khanh Vinh – Lac Duong – Da Lat QL1A, 20
Highway 28 180 Binh Thuan – Dak Nong Phan Thiet – Ham Thuan Bac – Di Linh – Dak Glong – Gia Nghia QL1A, 20, 14
Highway 28B 71 Binh Thuan – Lam Dong Highway 20 QL1A, 20
Highway 29 178 Phu Yen – Dak Lak Dong Hoa – Tay Hoa – Song Hinh – Krong Nang – Ea Kar – Buon Ho – HCM Highway 1A, 19C, HCM
Highway 30 120 Tien Giang – Dong Thap Highway 1- Cai Be – Cao Lanh – Thanh Binh – Tam Nong – Hong Ngu – Dinh Ba ck QL1A
Highway 31 160 Lang Son – Bac Giang Dinh Lap – Son Dong – Luc Ngan – Luc Nam – Lang Giang – Bac Giang city QL4B, 279, 37, 1
Highway 32 415 Hanoi – Lai Chau Cau Giay – Dan Phuong – Son Tay – Tam Nong – Nghia Lo – Than Uyen – Tam Duong QL21A, 32C, HCM, 32B, 37, 279
Highway 32B 20 Phu Tho – Son La National Highway 32 – Thu Cuc (Tan Son – Phu Tho) – Muong Coi (Phu Yen – Son La) – Highway 37 QL32, QL37
Highway 32C 78 Phu Tho – Yen Bai Phong Chau Bridge – Cam Khe – Ha Hoa – Tran Yen – Au Lau junction QL32, QL37
Highway 34 265 Cao Bang – Ha Giang Cao Bang City – Nguyen Binh Town, Bao Lac Town – Bao Lam Center – Bac Me Town – Ha Giang City QL3, 4C, 2
Highway 35 6 Ninh Binh (Ninh Binh City) National Highway 1 – Ninh Phong – Ninh Phuc port QL1A, QL10
Highway 37 470 Thai Binh – Son La Thai Binh – Hai Phong – Hai Duong – Bac Giang – Thai Nguyen – Tuyen Quang – Yen Bai – Son La QL39, 10, 5A, 18, 31, 1A, 1B, 3, 2, 70, 32C, 32D, 43, 6
Highway 37B 139 Thai Binh – Ha Nam Center Diem Dien – Kien Xuong – Giao Thuy – Nghia Hung – Vu Ban – Duy Tien QL39, 21, 10, 38, 37
Highway 38 87 Bac Ninh – Ha Nam Bac Ninh City – Tien Du – Cam Giang – An Thi – Kim Dong – Hung Yen City – Kim Bang QL1A, 21B, 38B
Highway 38B 145 Hai Duong – Ninh Binh Gia Loc Center – Hung Yen City – Vinh Tru Center – Nam Dinh City – Thien Ton Center – Quynh Luu QL38, 10, 37, 1A, 12B
Highway 39A 110 Bac Ninh – Thai Binh National Highway 5 – Pho Noi – Hung Yen City – Hung Ha – Dong Hung – Thai Thuy – Diem Dien QL5, QL38, QL38B, QL10, QL37, QL37B
Highway 39B 74 Hung Yen – Thai Binh Hung Yen City – National Highway 39A – DDT458 – Thai Binh City – Soc Market – Tien Hai – Dong Chau QL39A, QL10, QL37, QL37B
Highway 40 21 Kon Tum (Ngoc Hoi) National Highway 14C – Plei Can – Po Y – Indochina Junction Border Gate QL14C
Highway 40B 210 Quang Nam – Kon Tum Tam Ky – Phu Ninh – Tien Phuoc – Bac Tra My – To Mu Rong – Dac To town QL1, 24C, HCM
Highway 43 113 Son La (Phu Yen – Moc Chau) Gia Phu – Phu Yen – Moc Chau junction – Pa Hang border gate QL37, QL6
Highway 45 134 Ninh Binh – Thanh Hoa National Highway 12B – Ria (Ngo Quan) – Vinh Loc – Dong Son – Nong Cong – Nhu Xuan – HCM QL12B, 217, 1A
Highway 46A 107 Nghe An (Cua Lo – Do Luong) Nghi Loc – Hung Nguyen – Nam Dan – Thanh Chuong – Do Luong QL1A, 15A, 7
Highway 46B 25 Nghe An (Do Luong) Ro Bridge (crossing the Lam River) – Do Luong town QL46A, QL15
Highway 47 61 Thanh Hoa (Sam Son – Tho Xuan) Sam Son – Thanh Hoa City – Dong Son – Trieu Son – Tho Xuan QL1A, 45, 15
Highway 48A 170 Nghe An (Dien Chau – Que Phong) Dien Chau – Thai Hoa town – Quy Hop – Quy Chau – Que Phong. National Highway 1A, 15A, 48C, 48B, Ho Chi Minh road
Highway 48B 25 Nghe An (Quynh Luu) Highway 48A – Quynh Chau – Ngoc Son – Cau Giat – Lach Quen QL48A, QL1
Highway 48C 123 Nghe An (Quy Hop – Tuong Duong) Highway 48A – Quy Hop – Con Cuong – Tuong Duong – Highway 7 QL48A, QL7
Highway 48E 213 Nghe An (Hoang Mai – Nghi Loc) Lach Con – Hoang Mai – Thai Hoa – Yen Thanh – Nghi Loc port QL1A, 48, 7
Highway 49 98 Thua Thien Hue (Phu Vang – A Luoi) Thuan An Gate – Hue City – Huong Tra – A Luoi – Ho Chi Minh Street QL49B, 1A, HCM
Highway 49B 105 Quang Tri – Thua Thien Hue National Highway 1A – Hai Lang – Coastal Thua Thien Hue – Chan May – Highway 1A QL1A, 49
Highway 49C 24 Quang Tri (Quang Tri – Hai Lang) Highway 49B QL1A, 49B
Highway 50 88 Ho Chi Minh City – Tien Giang Nhi Paradise Bridge – Binh Chanh – Can Giuoc – Go Cong – Cho Gao – My Tho QL1A
Highway 51 79 Dong Nai – Ba Ria – Vung Tau Bien Hoa – Long Thanh – Tan Thanh – Ba Ria city QL1A, 15, 55, 56
Highway 52 31 Ho Chi Minh City – Dong Nai Binh Thanh – District 2 – Thu Duc – Di An – Bien Hoa QL1A, 15, 51
Highway 53 168 Vinh Long – Tra Vinh Vinh Long City – Vung Liem – Cang Long – Tra Vinh – Chau Thanh – Duyen Hai QL1A, 60, 54
Highway 54 155 Dong Thap – Tra Vinh Lap Vo – Lai Vung – Binh Tan – Tra On – Cau Ke – Tra Cu – Tra Vinh. QL1A, 80, 60, 54, 53
Highway 55 233 Ba Ria – Vung Tau – Lam Dong Ba Ria – Long Dien – Dat Do – Ham Tan – La Gi – Bao Lam – Bao Loc QL1A, 51, 56, 55B, 20
Highway 55B 39 Binh Thuan (Tanh Linh) Highway 55 through Duc Thuan commune, Tanh Linh district to National Highway 55 QL1A, 55, 28, 28B, 27, 27C
Highway 56 51 Ba Ria – Vung Tau – Dong Nai Ba Ria – Chau Duc – Cam My – Long Khanh QL1A
Highway 57 105 Vinh Long – Ben Tre Vinh Long City – Long Ho – Cho Lach – Mo Cay – Thanh Phu QL53, 60
Highway 60 115 Tien Giang – Soc Trang Mo Cay – Tra Vinh – Tieu Can – Dai Ngai – Soc Trang QL1A, 53, 54, 91C
Highway 61 96 Hau Giang – Kien Giang Cai Tac – Phung Hiep – Vi Thanh – Go Quao – Chau Thanh – Rach Gia QL63, 80
Highway 61B 41 Hau Giang – Soc Trang Long My – Nga Nam – Phu Loc town National Highway 1, Quan Lo – Phung Hiep
Highway 62 93 Long An (Tan An – Kien Tuong) Thu Thua – Tan Thanh – Moc Hoa – Kien Tuong – Binh Hiep border gate QL1, N2
Highway 63 115 Kien Giang – Ca Mau Tac Cau – Minh Luong – An Bien – Vinh Thuan – Thoi Binh – Ca Mau city QL61
Highway 70 185 Phu Tho – Lao Cai Doan Hung town – Yen Binh – Luc Yen – Bao Yen at Ban Phiet junction QL37, 279, 4D
Highway 70B 52 Phu Tho – Hoa Binh Doan Hung – Thanh Son – Hoa Binh City QL6, 32, 32C
Highway 71 41 Ha Tinh (Huong Son – Vu Quang) Pho Chau town – Huong Son – Vu Quang – Phuc Dong junction QL8A, QL15A
Highway 80 215 Vinh Long – Kien Giang My Thuan Bridge – Vinh Long – Dong Thap – An Giang – Can Tho – Ha Tien QL54, QL91
Highway 91 145 Can Tho – An Giang Ninh Kieu – Binh Thuy – Thot Not – Long Xuyen – Chau Doc – Tinh Bien QL1A, 80, N1
Highway 91B 16 Can Tho (Cai Rang – O Mon) Cai Cui port – Cai Rang – Ninh Kieu – Binh Thuy – O Mon QL1A, 91
Highway 91C 34 An Giang (Chau Doc – Long Binh) National Highway 91 – Chau Doc – Long Binh National Border Gate QL91
National Highway 100 21 Lai Chau (Feng Tho) Highway 12 – junction of National Highway 4D, near Muong So QL4D, QL12
Highway 217 195 Thanh Hoa (Ha Trung – Quan Son) Do Len – Ha Trung – Ba Thuoc – Quan Son – Na Meo border gate Highway 1A, 45, HCM, 15C, 15
Highway 279 760 Quang Ninh – Dien Bien Ha Long – Son Dong – Binh Gia – Ba Be – Chiem Hoa – Than Uyen – Dien Bien Phu QL18, 31, 1A, 1B, 3, 2, 70, 32, 6, 12
National Highway N1 235 Long An – Kien Giang Duc Hue – Parrot beak – Binh Hiep – Hong Ngu – Chau Doc – Tinh Bien – Ha Tien QL91, 80
National Highway N2 440 Binh Duong – Kien Giang Chon Thanh – Tay Ninh – Dong Thap – An Giang – Kien Giang – Vam Ray HCM, QL1A, QL62,
National Highway South of Hau River 134 Can Tho – Bac Lieu Cai Rang – Ninh Kieu – Ke Sach – Tran De – Vinh Chau – Bac Lieu QL1A, 60, 1A
Quan Lo – Phung Hiep National Highway 122 Hau Giang – Ca Mau Crossroads – Crossroads – Phuoc Long – Ca Mau QL1A, 61B, 63

Signage

New style signage.

The signage is very simple with blue signs and white letters. Road numbers were originally rarely indicated, from 2015 a new European style signage has been introduced with road numbers.

Road signs

The same road signs as in Europe are also used in Vietnam.

Road marking

Road markings are both completely white and with a yellow center stripe. There doesn’t seem to be any consistency or it’s multiple generations of road markings.

Maximum speed

The maximum speed limit is 50 km/h in built-up areas, 80 km/h on main roads outside built-up areas and 120 km/h on expressways. On highways, there is sometimes a lower speed limit in the right-hand lane and often there are also minimum speeds of 60 to 80 km/h.

Vietnam Road Network