Venezuela Road Network

By | December 28, 2022

According to wholevehicles, Venezuela has a relatively developed road network, with a fairly large network of motorways. The motorway network is 866 kilometers long (2012), but there is also a large network of 2×2 roads that are not designed as motorways. Most major cities in the north are connected by highways or 2×2 roads. Sometimes highway sections are missing due to the highly mountainous character of this area. The central and southern parts of Venezuela are very sparsely populated, and there are few main roads here. In the south there are almost no roads at all. There are still some 2×2 roads around Ciudad Guayana in the southeast. There are only two major border crossings with neighboring Colombia, partly due to the Andes Mountains, which partly cross the border. There is also a through route to Manaus in Brazil.

Venezuela had the lowest fuel price in the world for years, about 1 cent per liter. Due to the economic malaise in the country, prices rose sharply in 2016. Motorways are called autopistas in Venezuela. The first opened to traffic in 1953, giving Venezuela an early start with motorways in Latin America. The motorway network is still being expanded, in particular to connect the major cities with motorways. There are relatively many tunnels and viaducts due to the mountainous nature of the north of Venezuela. The capital Caracas has wide highways with 2×4 or more lanes and impressive interchanges. Due to the mountainous nature of the region, extremely low fuel prices and lack of a good underlying road network, the Autopistas of Caracas are severely congested.

Venezuelan highways
Caracas-La Guaira Highway • Second Highway Caracas – La Guaira • Western Center Highway • Francisco Fajarda Highway • Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho Highway • José Antonio Páez Highway • Lara – Zulia Highway • Central Regional Highway • San Cristóbal – La Fría Highway • Highway Prados del Este • Caracas-Guarenas Highway • Boyacá Avenue • North-South Highway • Charallave Highway • Guacara – Bárbula Highway •Eastern Highway • Valencia – Puerto Cabello Highway • Valle Highway – Car
National highways of Venezuela
RN1 • RN2 • RN3 • RN4 • RN5 • RN6 • RN7 • RN8 • RN9 • RN10 • RN11 • RN12 • RN13 • RN14 • RN15 • RN16 • RN17 • RN19

Road numbering

Venezuela has three layers of road; the Carretera Nacional, Carretera Local and the Carretera Ramal. The national roads are numbered nationwide, the other two tiered by state. Even numbers are usually east-west roads and odd numbers are north-south roads, a system seen in more countries in the region. Numbers 1 to 9 run slightly radially from Caracas. Highways are better known by their names.

  • Route 1: Caracas – Barquisimeto – San Cristobal
  • Route 2: Caracas – San Fernando de Apure
  • Route 3: Morón – Coro – Maracaibo
  • Route 4: Acarigua – Barquisimeto – Choir – Fixed Point
  • Route 5: Valencia – Barinas – San Cristobal
  • Route 6: La Fría – Maracaibo – grens met Colombia
  • Route 7: Barinas – San Cristobal
  • Route 9: Caracas – Barcelona – Güíria
  • Route 10: Casanay – Ciudad Guayana – grens met Brazilië
  • Route 12: Caucaugua – Caicara of the Orinoco – Puerto Ayacucho
  • Route 13: Tinaco – Anaco – Maturin
  • Route 15: Easter Valley – The Tiger – Tucupita
  • Route 16: El Tigre – Ciudad Bolívar
  • Route 17: Carora – Maracaibo
  • Route 19: San Antonio de Caparo – San Fernando de Apure | Caicara del Orinoco – Bolivar City – Guayana City

Signage

The signage consists of green signs and white letters, and correspond to what is often seen in South America. The signs are usually quite simple, and different fonts are used. Road number plates resemble those of the Interstate Highways. Wind directions are also indicated at junctions.

Venezuela Road Network