US 97 in Oregon
US 97 is a US Highway in the US state of Oregon. The road forms a north-south route through the center of the state, from the California border through Bend to the Washington border . US 97 is 465 kilometers long in Oregon.
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US 97 in Redmond.
US 97 in California comes from I-5 in Weed and crosses the Oregon border at about 1,200 meters altitude. After only 25 kilometers you reach Klamath Falls, the main town on the southern part of the route. This is followed by a more than 200 kilometer long route through a sparsely populated area to the city of Bend. This route is single-lane and leads through wooded areas. To the west are higher mountains, including the striking 2,798 meter high Mount Thielsen. The US 97 itself usually runs at an altitude of 1,400 meters.
Almost 20 kilometers before Bend, US 97 becomes a 2×2 divided highway, first through the woods, later through the city. Through Bend, US 97 forms the Bend Parkway, a 2×2 lane semi-grade road. Here is also a short double numbering with the US 20. This is followed by a 20-kilometer 4-lane route to the town of Redmond, where there is also a bypass along the center.
North of Redmond, US 97 takes you past the Peter Skene Ogden State Scenic Viewpoint, where US 97 arches over a gorge, a much-loved vantage point. Then another 30 kilometers of single-lane road follow until the small town of Madras, where the US 26 crosses.
After Madras, a lonely route follows through a desolate steppe area with low mountains. More than 40 kilometers north of Madras, the US 197 splits off. Both roads then run parallel to each other for some distance to the valley of the Columbia River. The US 97 passes through barren rangeland here with only a few villages on the route. It then descends through a canyon to Biggs Junction, where it connects to Interstate 84, then crosses the Columbia River and continues on US 97 in Washington to Goldendale and Yakima.
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The Peter Skene Ogden State Scenic Viewpoint north of Madras.
US 97 was one of the original US Highways of 1926. It almost completely followed today’s route, but at the time ended on US 99 in Ashland, from Klamath Falls US 97 went west on what is now State Route 66 to Ashland. In 1934, the southern terminus was changed to Weed, California, removing the divergent east-west portion of US 97.
When created in 1926, US 97 was almost entirely a dirt road, only the approach roads from Bend and Klamath Falls were at the time a semi-paved road using the macadam method. However, in the period 1927-1930, the entire route from Klamath Falls to the border with Washington was improved to a macadam pavement. Large-scale asphalting followed in the period 1930-1933. In 1933 there was only one small piece at Shaniko that was unpaved, in the following years this was also asphalted.
The road south of Klamath Falls was only built in the early 1930s, before that there was no through connection to California in this region. The US 97 corridor developed as a major through traffic route after World War II and is considered Oregon’s most important north-south route after I-5. The road is located completely east of the Cascade Mountains. From the 1990s onwards, several places on the route started to grow due to increasing migration from expensive California. In particular, the traffic pressure around Bend and Redmond increased sharply.
US 97 originally ran on 3rd Street in Bend, which was more or less Bend’s main street for north-south traffic. In Bend, US 97 was constructed over a 10-mile parkway, which was one of the largest urban road construction projects in Oregon since the 1970s. The northern section of the Bend Parkway opened in the late 1990s, the southern section in the early 2000s. This is not a full-fledged highway, but the road has been completely redesigned and has several grade separated connections.
In Redmond, US 97 originally split between 5th Street and 6th Street. This was a real city passage with lots of traffic lights. A three-mile easterly diversion along downtown Redmond was constructed here in the late 2000s.
Every day, 3,600 vehicles cross the California border, rising to 9,100 vehicles in Klamath Falls. Further north, 3,500 to 4,800 vehicles headed toward Bend, rising to 9,100 vehicles in La Pine and a maximum of 41,300 vehicles in Bend itself. Further north, 10,000 vehicles drove to Madras and then descending to 1,800 to 2,300 vehicles to I-84. 5,200 vehicles crossed the border into Washington daily.
US 197 in Oregon
US 197 is a US Highway in the United States, located mostly in the state of Oregon and a small part in Washington. The US 97 runs from Shaniko to Dallesport and is 103 kilometers long.
The Dalles Bridge over the Columbia River.
US 197 splits off US 97 40 kilometers north of Madras and heads north just east of the Cascade Mountains. One has a view of Mount Hood. East of The Dalles, it crosses Interstate 84 and the Columbia River. Then you enter Washington State and US 197 ends at State Route 12 in Dallesport.
The road was asphalted in the period 1930-1933, at the time part of the main north-south connection east of the Cascade Mountains. US 197 was added to the US Highways network in 1952. US 197 originally ended in Maryhill, Washington again at US 97, via what is now State Route 14. In 1968 this was shortened to Dallesport. US 197 is one of the few US Highways that has a terminus on a state route, and not another US Highway, border or dead end. On December 18, 1953, The Dalles Bridge opened over the Columbia River on the Oregon-Washington border. This was a toll bridge until 1974.
Every day, 300 to 700 vehicles travel on the south side as far as Maupin, then increasing slightly to 1,200 to 2,500 vehicles at I-84.