Uruguay in the 2000’s

By | December 20, 2021

The electoral victory of the center-left coalition Frente amplio-Encuentro progresista (FA-EP) and its candidate Tabaré Ramón Vázquez Rosas for the presidency (2004) put an end to over twenty years of conservative governments and allowed the start of a new phase a policy that was consolidated in the following years, during which the country experienced a significant improvement in social and economic conditions. The welfare programs and public investments implemented by the new government made it possible to reduce poverty and unemployment rates, revitalize the internal market and attract foreign investors. A tax reform was implemented which aimed at a rebalancing between direct taxation, increased and made progressive, and indirect taxation, which was instead decreased; public-private partnerships were promoted to improve infrastructures and a severe review of spending criteria was made in order to keep public debt under control, while increasing funding for children, education, health and technological and scientific development . On the political level, the question of the disappearances of opponents during the military dictatorship was re-addressed and between 2006 and 2007 numerous perpetrators of human rights violations were arrested, including former president Juan María Bordaberry Arocena, later sentenced (2010) to thirty years of imprisonment for the 1973 coup. while increasing funding for children, education, health and technological and scientific development. On the political level, the question of the disappearances of opponents during the military dictatorship was re-addressed and between 2006 and 2007 numerous perpetrators of human rights violations were arrested, including former president Juan María Bordaberry Arocena, later sentenced (2010) to thirty years of imprisonment for the 1973 coup. while increasing funding for children, education, health and technological and scientific development. On the political level, the question of the disappearances of opponents during the military dictatorship was re-addressed and between 2006 and 2007 numerous perpetrators of human rights violations were arrested, including former president Juan María Bordaberry Arocena, later sentenced (2010) to thirty years of imprisonment for the 1973 coup. For Uruguay 2008, please check payhelpcenter.com.

The 2009 elections again gave victory to the Frente amplio, which won 50 seats, against 30 in the Partido nacional and 17 in the Partido colorado, and José Alberto Mujica Cordano he took over from Vázquez (who could not reappear because the Constitution prohibited two consecutive terms) in the office of president. A former Tupamaro guerrilla, Mujica, known as Pepe, resumed the guidelines of his predecessor in the economic field and initiated further reforms in internal politics. Alongside the renewed plans to upgrade infrastructures through the involvement of individuals and the fight against poverty, the new president paid great attention to social freedoms, transforming Uruguay into a political laboratory on civil rights in Latin America. During his tenure, programs against racial discrimination and domestic violence were launched, the law on the legalization of abortion (2012) and the law on gay marriage (2013) were approved, and production was authorized and regulated,

Harshly contested by the opposition and also criticized by a part of the government majority itself, the reforms met with substantial support from the population who confirmed their support for the executive with a vote. Mujica, moreover, had managed to coagulate great consensus around him also for the upright and resigned lifestyle he had maintained during his mandate, gaining the nickname of ‘poor president’ for the decision to donate 90% of the his salary for social activities. In the new general elections held in October 2014, the FA maintained, for the third consecutive time, the majority in Parliament and its candidate, former president Vázquez, won the presidency in the second round, with 53% of the votes, by beating Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou from Partido nacional (41%).

On the international level, the Uruguay in recent years he initiated a policy of openness and dialogue with the other regional powers, in particular Brazil and Argentina, and played an active role in the politics of MERCOSUR (Mercado Común del Sur) promoting, during the Uruguayan presidency semester (Jan.-June 2013), negotiations with the European Union for the conclusion of a free trade agreement. Furthermore, ties with the United States were strengthened and relations with China, India and Russia increased.

Uruguay Partido nacional