Religion in United Kingdom
The dominant religion in the UK is Protestantism. There are two officially recognized churches – Anglican in England and Presbyterian in Scotland. There are no state religions in Wales and Northern Ireland, most of the Irish are Catholics. The UK also has a large Muslim population – one of the largest diasporas in Western Europe.
Plant and Animal World in Great Britain
The natural vegetation of the British Isles is taiga and mixed forests dominated by pine, oak and birch in the north; broad-leaved oak, hornbeam-oak and oak-ash forests in the south. In the mountains, the predominant tree species are oak, birch and beech, and in the upper belt of the mountains it is occupied by meadows, heaths and peat bogs.
Due to human activities, the forests have thinned considerably and turned into light forests and zones of wild or semi-wild vegetation, bizarrely scattered among flat cultivated fields. Currently, forests cover less than 10% of the UK. Their main arrays have been preserved in the eastern and southern regions. The country is dominated by a cultural landscape represented by meadows and fields.
The most common representatives of the fauna of Great Britain are the fox, hare, squirrel, hedgehog, and various types of earth-moving mammals. Amphibians are represented by three species of newts and three species of lizards. There are no snakes in Northern Ireland. The British Isles are an ornithologist’s paradise. Here you can find about 200 species of birds, of which more than half come from other countries. Salmon, trout are found in the rivers, cod, herring, haddock are found in coastal waters.
Minerals in United Kingdom
Coal, iron ore, non-ferrous metal ores, natural gas, salt, clay, chalk, limestone, gypsum, and flint are mined in the country.
Banks in United Kingdom
On weekdays, banks are open from 9:00 to 15:30 without a break. Large banks are open until 17:30 and are also open on Saturday.
Money in Great Britain
The monetary unit of Great Britain is the pound sterling (GBP). There are 100 pence in one pound. In circulation there are banknotes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 pounds and coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 pence and 1 pound. In the provinces, the names of old British coins are sometimes used – “guinea”, “shilling”, “penny” and others, but the real unit of payment is the pound. In England, Scotland and Northern Ireland, banknotes are printed slightly different from each other. Although they are valid throughout the United Kingdom, it is best to leave them at the stores in the parts of the country where you received them. If you did not have time to do this, such banknotes can be exchanged at banks, and without commission.
Despite the fact that on January 1, 2002, the euro was introduced in the EU countries, the national currency remains in the UK.
A passport is required to exchange cash. You can exchange money at any bank branch, in the evening – at the exchange offices of large department stores and in some travel agencies. At airports, exchangers operate around the clock.
Credit cards Visa, Master Card, American Express, as well as traveler’s checks are widely used. Street ATMs are widespread, but there are cases of mistaken blocking of credit cards, so it is better to use ATMs in institutions.
Exchange rate: 1 British pound (GBP) = 1.26 USD
Political State in United Kingdom
According to politicsezine, the form of government in the UK is a constitutional monarchy. The king (queen) is at the head of the state. Although the monarchy is deprived of real political power, nevertheless it remains an integral part of the British way of life, largely determining both the political life of the country and national identity. There is no official constitution in the country. The order of elections, the formation of the government, as well as the rights and obligations of citizens, is determined by numerous laws and decrees that have evolved over the centuries. Legislative power is vested in a bicameral parliament, consisting of the House of Commons and the House of Lords; executive – to the cabinet, which is formed by the prime minister – the leader of the party that has a majority in parliament. Under the control of Great Britain are 13 dependent territories – Gibraltar, Anguilla, Bermuda,
Population in United Kingdom
About 60 million people live in the UK. Most of the population (78%) is represented by the British, the rest – by Scots, Welsh, Irish, Arabs, Africans, immigrants from Central and Southeast Asia.
The official and spoken language of most of the UK population is English. Some of the Irish, Welsh and Gaels also use their own languages, belonging to the Celtic group.
Communication in United Kingdom
Calls can be made from the hotel or from a payphone. At certain hours, the telephone network in many hotels is overloaded and the tariffs for calls increase, so it is more profitable to call from a payphone. There are two types of payphones – the old ones, which accept only coins, and the new ones, which accept coins and cards. You can call using coins of 10, 20, 50 pence and 1 pound. Cards are sold at the post office, tobacconists and press stores. Cards cost 2, 4 and 10 pounds. The minimum cost of a call to Moscow is about 2 pounds. On weekdays from 18.00 to 6.00 there is a reduced rate (on weekends – around the clock). The largest telecommunications company is British Telecom (BT). From the payphone, you can make a short call to the desired subscriber and ask him to call back to the payphone booth. Automatic machines,
To call from Russia to the UK, you need to dial 8 – 10 – 44 – a ten-digit phone number (without the 0, which all English phone numbers begin with)
To call from the UK to Russia, you need to dial 007 – area code – phone number