Ukraine – Western Relations
Ukraine – EU relations
Diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the EU are based on the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement, signed in 1994 and ratified in 1998, and the “EU-Ukraine” Action Plan adopted in 2005 and valid until 2008. The most important chapters of the action plan included the observance of human rights, stable political development, the introduction of a functioning market economy and a free trade area after Ukraine’s admission to the WTO(which took place in 2008) and the adaptation of Ukrainian laws to the legal system of the EU. The EU started talks with Ukraine in 2007 on an extended agreement (with the prospect of an association agreement). In 2008 the new regulations on visa facilitation and withdrawal of illegally staying in Ukraine came into force. Ukraine had already abolished visa requirements for EU citizens in 2005. According to countryvv, Ukraine is a country located in Eastern Europe.
The EU is currently regulating relations with Ukraine within the framework of its neighborhood policy.
A week before the Third EU summit on the Eastern Partnership, which took place in Vilnius on 28 and 29 November 2013, the then Ukrainian President Janukovyč announced that the seven years of preparation to negotiated and ready for signature Association Agreement with the EU refrain. This decision was preceded by a meeting between Janukovyč and Russian President Vladimir Putin on November 10, 2013 in Moscow. Since Putin did not want to lose Ukraine from his sphere of influence, he put enormous economic pressure on the Ukrainian government, for example by stopping exports of several products to Russia. The EU criticized this as blackmailevaluated approach by Putin. Janukovyč stated that Ukraine was not economically ripe for deepened trade relations with the EU. For his part, he accused the EU of blackmail after leading EU politicians pushed for more reforms to the highly corrupt judicial system and demanded the release of Julia Tymošenko.
After the fall of the Janukovyč regime and the early presidential elections in 2014, the newly elected Ukrainian President Petro Porošenko continued rapprochement with the EU. On June 27, 2014 signed Porošenko in Brussels of EU economic part of the Association Agreement, among other things, a free trade zone provides. The political part of the agreement was signed by Prime Minister Jacenjuk on March 25th. While Ukraine and the EU were celebrating the long-prepared treaty, threats came from Russia with ” serious consequences “.
After the European Council passed a decision on June 11, 2017 on the conclusion of the Association Agreement with Ukraine on behalf of the European Union accepted, it came into full force on September 1, 2017. It is the final step in a ratification process that has lasted for several years. The Association Agreement will intensify and improve cooperation in many areas (foreign and security policy, justice, freedom, security, migration, tax policy, public finance management, science and technology, education and information society. Ukraine is committed to reforms to liberalize trade and to bring about legal alignment with the legal acquis of the EU. Participation in the European internal market is not planned (or only to a small extent).Agreement a new reality in the relations between Kyiv and Brussels.
Visa exemption (#visafree)
On April 6, 2017, the EU Parliament voted to abolish the visa requirement for Ukrainian citizens when entering the EU. According to the new regulation, Ukrainian citizens are allowed to spend 90 days in the EU without a visa within a period of 180 days – e.g. for vacation purposes, visiting relatives or business trips. Employment is not permitted. A biometric passport with a stored fingerprint is required for entry. This new regulation was preceded by a visa dialogue between the EU and Ukraine that had lasted since 2013. During this dialogue there were already changes and simplifications in the application and issuing practice for short-term visas. On May 11, 2017, the EU Council of Ministers confirmed the visa liberalization agreement, which came into force on June 11, 2017. According to opinion of the Ukrainian President Petro Porošenko, this step will go down in history “our country’s final exit from the Russian Empire and its return to the family of European nations”.
Ukraine – NATO relations
The NATO-Ukraine Charter, which was signed in 1997, regulates relations between NATO and Ukraine. According to this, Ukraine undertakes to be the only non-member to take part in military operations of NATO carried out with a mandate from the UN or the OSCE. For its part, NATO is helping Ukraine to reform its armed forces.
While Ukraine was still striving for membership in NATO under Viktor Juščenko’s presidency, these goals have become secondary under Janukovyč. At the NATO summit in 2008, however, Ukraine was denied a membership action plan, a preliminary stage before accession. Above all, Germany, the Netherlands, France and Spain spoke out against the early admission of Ukraine to the Northern Alliance against the background of relations with Russia.
On June 8, 2017, the Ukrainian parliament declared joining NATO as a foreign policy goal. In March 2018, Ukraine received the status of a candidate country for joining NATO.