The northernmost part of Ukraine and some western areas are occupied by pine, fir, birch, oak, lime, ash, juniper and hazelnut forests. However, these are relatively limited areas. South of a line, which goes from Balta to Kremenčug and Charkov up to Kamišin on the Volga, develops the region more properly called the steppe, which was for a long time known under the name of dikoe pole or “wild plain” and which corresponds to the whole Pontic region. There is no lack of black earth in it, but along the course of the rivers, reeds, rushes, alders and many aquatic plants and herbs are becoming more and more frequent. The least amount of atmospheric precipitation and the persistence of dry E. and SE winds. they hinder the development of arboreal vegetation, and the same herbaceous vegetation, in which the kovyl ′ or Stipa pennata and the tyrsa or Stipa capillata prevail, is becoming increasingly sparse. The only tree is the vetla, or white willow, except for the plants that adorn the gardens and villas. In the deeper and more humid depressions, on the other hand, there is a mixture of very varied herbs. Very short, in spring, is the vegetative period, during which herbs and shrubs bloom, and the steppe then appears as an immense multicolored carpet. But at the beginning of the summer it assumes a uniform, greyish color, and the inflorescences of the Stipa pennata dominate everywhere, similar to feathers. For Ukraine 2012, please check eningbo.info.
The tarpan or short-headed wild horse, native to the regions of Central Asia, once lived in the steppe, but has now disappeared. Various varieties of fallow deer, roe deer, antelope have also disappeared, or, at least, only rare specimens are found. The animals, which are still found in the steppe or in the forests, are the bear, the wild boar, the elk, the lynx, the marmot, the ermine, the beaver, the badger, the wolf, the fox, the hare, the marmot, the mole, etc. The varieties of birds amount to about 300 and over 25 are those of fish. The real scourge is the locusts, which live on the humid lands of the lower Dnieper, from which they spread in the years of famine in almost all of Ukraine.
The population of Ukraine at the time of the census carried out in 1926 amounted to 29,043,400 residents. The evaluation of January 1933 gave us 31,901,400 residents, While a more recent evaluation (1936) would bring us closer to 33,000,000. In the aforementioned figure of 31,901,000 residents, We must include 615,500 residents, Who constitute the population of the Republic of Moldova.
Ukraine is administratively divided into the seven provinces of Vinnica (47,867 sq. Km. And 4,803,500 residents), Dnepropetrovsk (73,193 sq. Km. And 3,872,600 residents), Donets (52,208 sq. Km. And 4,074,500 residents). with the district of Starobelsk, of Kiev (74,835 sq. km. and 6,127,100 residents), of Odessa (68,917 sq. km. and 3,324,900 residents), of Charkov (74,938 residents and 6,117,400 residents), of Černigov (42,703 sq km and 2,965,500 residents). The number of rajony or districts was 362, with over 11,000 rural settlements. The capital of the Donec province is Stalin; of the other provinces the city of the same name.
The Russian ethnographers, and among them Chubinsky, who more than any other has dealt with the Ukrainians, consider these as one of the most physically perfect peoples for his tall stature, slender build, agility of the limbs, for the deep eyes., lively, gray in color, due to the black, almost straight lashes. However, there is no lack of individuals with faces with tatar stigmata. The Ukrainian’s expression is grave, almost severe; he speaks slowly, and is measured in words. Late in his movements, rather apathetic, he does not have much initiative and therefore has a reputation for being lazy. Not very ready-minded, however, he is a good assimilator, and, grasping a concept, he develops it thoroughly; thus, having started a business, he does not abandon it for any reason and for this quality the Ukrainian enjoys the reputation of being obstinate. Taciturn, suspicious of those who do not know,
The Ukrainian wears a white shirt, with a high collar, often embroidered and wide trousers (š arovary), stopped at the waist by a red sash. He wears boots and wears a lambskin hat, replaced in the summer by a round hat made of straw or felt. Over his shirt he wears a kaftan, and on his way a thick coat. Picturesque is the women’s costume, consisting of a shirt, richly embroidered with bright colors; around the neck it is customary to wear a necklace and the head is wrapped in a beautiful colored handkerchief. In place of the jacket it is customary to wear the home cloth pachta. However, the use of the national costume is being lost more and more and more and more common forms of dress of Western Europe are used.