If you are going to pursue a graduate degree in chemistry within the state of Arkansas, then you have come to the right place. On this website, you will find the best chemistry schools in Arkansas. Please note that these rankings are based on student reviews, graduation rates, and the academic surveys submitted by peer colleges and universities throughout Arkansas.
- TRANSPORTHINT: Basic information, such as location, land area, population, capital and nickname of Arkansas. Also includes industry, economy, climate, geography and history of Arkansas.
|1||University of Arkansas
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Address: 119 Chemistry Building, Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone: (479) 575-5175
E-mail: [email protected]
History of Arkansas
In Arkansas, as in other states of the USA, for many centuries before the arrival of Europeans, tribes of the indigenous residents of America lived – the Indians. Here lived the peoples of the “Mississippi culture” – Cherokee, Osage, Caddo, Quapo, Choctaw.
Interestingly, there was an agreement between the often warring tribes, according to which the area of hot mineral springs, where Hot Springs National Park is located today, was considered “peaceful territory.”
The first European to explore Arkansas was the Spaniard Hernando de Soto in the 16th century. The expedition led by him passed in 1539-40 through the territory of modern Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabamaand Mississippi, and in 1541 through the lands of Arkansas, Oklahoma, Louisiana and Texas. De Soto declared the lands he had explored to be Spanish possessions.
Only in 1673 did the next European explorers come to Arkansas. Along the Mississippi River from the north, from the French possessions in Michigan and Illinois, an expedition sailed under the leadership of the Jesuit missionary Jacques Marquette and the merchant Louis Jollier. In their footsteps, in 1681-82, Rene de La Salle descended the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico, naming the lands in the basin of the greatest river of the North American continent “Louisiana” and declaring their belonging to France.
In 1686, the first settlement of Europeans in Arkansas was founded near a strategically important point – the confluence of the Arkansas and Mississippi rivers – Arkansas Post. A century later, in 1783, one of the last battles of the American Revolutionary War took place in the Arkansas Post area, and in 1863, one of the largest battles of the Civil War. Now the place where Arkansas Post was located has the status of a “National Historic Site” of the United States.
In 1722, the French founded a trading post, which later became the capital and largest city of Arkansas – Little Rock.
Spain and France disputed each other’s rights to American lands, including Arkansas, but in fact the Indians lived here, and there were only a few merchants and hunters from Europeans.
In 1803, the United States bought its American colonies from France. The lands of Arkansas became part of the newly formed Louisiana Territory , and later the Missouri Territory . In 1819 the Arkansas Territory was created, in 1836 Arkansas became the twenty-fifth U.S. state.
Arkansas played a very large role during the Texas War of Independence from Mexico and later during the Mexican-American War of 1846-1848. It was in Arkansas that many volunteer units that participated in military conflicts with Mexico were formed.
In the middle of the 19th century, Arkansas experienced rapid growth, with the leading branch of the economy of Arkansas being agriculture, and the basis of agriculture – growing cotton on the fertile lands of the Arkansas Mississippi River Delta.