Europe is a beautiful continent with 51 different countries. Where large countries such as Spain, France and Italy are known to everyone, there are also a number of smaller countries in Europe. Here you will discover the top 10 smallest countries in Europe. Check aparentingblog for list of Europe’s largest countries by population.
10. Montenegro – 13,812 square kilometers
Montenegro may be small, but there is plenty to see. This way you can enjoy the beautiful fishing villages on the Adriatic coast. The interior is dotted with high mountain peaks and beautiful nature reserves. Centuries-old forests alternate with quiet rivers and lakes, but the cities in Montenegro are also worth a visit. About 642,550 people live in this small country in the Balkans.
9. Kosovo – 10,887 square kilometers
Kosovo is the youngest country in Europe. It was only founded in 2008, when the country split from Serbia. This independence is still controversial, because some countries do not recognize Kosovo’s independence. Despite the turbulent politics, the nature in the country is breathtaking. You can enjoy mountains, forests, rivers and waterfalls. The historic center of the capital Pristina is also impressive.
8. Cyprus – 9,251 square kilometers
Just below Turkey is the island of Cyprus, where you can immediately find the country of the same name. The vast majority of the inhabitants are originally from Greece, but many Turks also live on the island. Many tourists come to the island to party until the wee hours, but it also has plenty to offer in terms of culture and nature. Here you will find a beautiful underwater landscape that divers like to enjoy. They also admire the wreck of the Zenobia, which is not far from the coast.
7. Luxembourg – 2,586 square kilometers
When you walk through Luxembourg, it sometimes feels like you are walking through a fairytale. You will notice this completely when you visit Vianden Castle. This medieval castle towers over the town of the same name and is a real attraction. The capital of the country is also worth a visit, with an ancient town hall and a beautiful palace. This small country has a total of 116,328 inhabitants, most of whom live in the capital.
6. Andorra – 468 square kilometers
Andorra has become known over the years as a location where the very rich evade taxes. That is not the only thing that makes this country special, because the country consists largely of high mountains. That’s because the Pyrenees run through Andorra. The country borders two major European countries: Spain and France. These completely enclose the dwarf state. The country’s 85,702 inhabitants live mainly from tourism. The large ski areas and unspoiled nature are major attractions.
5. Malta – 316 square kilometers
The country of Malta consists of three different islands: Malta, Gozo and Comino. Despite the small size of this country, 514,564 people still live there. The climate is perfect for holidaymakers, who enjoy hot summers and mild winters. Not only the large beaches of the country are popular, but also the historic cities. Fans of Game of Thrones will discover a number of famous film locations here, such as the Mdina Gate and Fort Ricasoli. At the same time, the clear blue sea lends itself perfectly to a snorkeling adventure, while hikers enjoy the view during a trip along the jagged coastline.
4. Liechtenstein – 160 square kilometers
Between Austria and Switzerland you will find another special dwarf state: Liechtenstein. It is a principality with a total of 38,749 inhabitants. The country is located in the middle of the Alps and is therefore a popular destination for winter sports enthusiasts. Furthermore, tourists also enjoy the capital Vaduz, where they can admire a castle from the twelfth century. There is also a beautiful art museum and the city has a number of monumental buildings. Yet Liechtenstein is best known as a tax haven, just like many other European dwarf states. This also means that the banking world in the country is highly developed.
3. San Marino – 61 square kilometers
San Marino is considered by many to be the oldest country in the world. Although land borders and rulers change over the years, this country was officially founded in the year 301. The special thing about this country is that it is completely surrounded by Italy. That is why it is also called an enclave. Many Italians occasionally travel to San Marino to enjoy the beautiful nature. The imposing Castello della Cesta is an important landmark. In the capital you will also find three beautiful towers that together symbolize San Marino. The old museums are also popular with tourists.
2. Monaco – 1.95 square kilometers
The Principality of Monaco borders France on the one hand and is also on the Mediterranean Sea. It is a very small country, yet 30,000 people live in Monaco. That immediately makes it the most populous independent country in the world. These people are all doing well, because the country also has the lowest unemployment rate in the world: 2%. There is no shortage of work, because in Monaco the richest people on earth come to enjoy a luxurious and carefree holiday. Here they sail around in their very expensive yachts and look for adventure in a local casino.
1. Vatican City – 0.44 square kilometers
The smallest country in the world is located in the middle of the metropolis of Rome . Vatican City is completely surrounded by walls, separating itself from Italy. This is where you will find the Vatican: the administration of the Catholic Church. The Pope lives here and beautiful buildings such as the Sistine Chapel can be admired. Half of the land is taken up by a large garden. Vatican City was established in 1929, when Pope Pius XI and Mussolini signed a treaty making this small territory a sovereign state. In total, only a thousand people live in the country, which immediately makes it one of the least populated countries in the world.