Top 10 European Countries with the Most Population

By | February 4, 2023

Europe consists of about 50 countries. In total, around 740 million people live there. Europeans are divided between very small countries such as Liechtenstein and Monaco, and very large countries such as Germany and Russia. The following ten countries are the largest in Europe in terms of population. With just over 17 million inhabitants, the Netherlands falls just outside the top 10, and became the twelfth. Check usaers for list of top 10 largest states of America by population.

10. Romania

Measured by area, Romania, with its territory of 238,391 square kilometers, ranks eighth among the European greats. Also, the population of 19,523,621 inhabitants neatly keeps them in the top ten.

Romania is located at the crossroads between Central and Southeastern Europe. The Black Sea forms its natural border while Hungary and Serbia (to the west), Ukraine (to the northeast), Moldova (to the east) and Bulgaria (to the south) share state borders with the country. The capital of Romania is Bucharest.

9. Poland

The Republic of Poland has a population of 38,433,600. That is about double that of Romania.

The Central European country has a border with Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south and Ukraine and Belarus to the east. To the north, Poland has the natural border of the Baltic Sea, but also borders the Russian enclave of Kalingrad Oblast and Lithuania. Poland has an area of ​​312,679 square kilometers.

8. Ukraine

Ukraine can be found in Eastern Europe and has 41,660,982 inhabitants. The country borders the Russian Federation on both the east and northeast. To the south and southeast it has two natural borders with the Black Sea and the Sea of ​​Azov.

Ukraine has a land area of ​​603,628 square kilometers. This makes it the largest country located entirely within the European continent. Ukraine became known mainly thanks to the domestication of the horse, its enormous grain exports and the independence struggle that was accomplished in 1991. Scientists also suspect that the first Proto-Indo-European language family originated in Ukraine.

7. Spain

Officially, Spain should be designated as the Kingdom of Spain. This sovereign state with a population of 46,733,038 is located on the Iberian Peninsula in Southwestern Europe, where it is a well-known and popular tourist attraction.

The Spanish mainland is one of the few countries (besides Morocco and France) that borders both the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. At 1,214 kilometers long, the border between Spain and Portugal is the longest continuous border line in the European Union. In addition to Spain, Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands (in the Mediterranean Sea), the Canary Islands (in the Atlantic Ocean), the autonomous African cities of Ceuta and Melilla and the French enclave of Llivia.

6. Italy

The Italian Republic – as Italy is officially called – is home to 60,390,560 citizens. It is a unitary, parliamentary republic in southern Europe. The well-known boot-shaped peninsula is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea and borders only to the north on its neighbors France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia.

It is more or less delimited by the Alpine watershed, which includes the Po Valley and the Venetian Plain. The peninsula also includes the Mediterranean islands of Sicily and Sardinia. Capital Rome has played a leading role in world politics for many years, as the center of the Roman Empire and Christianity.

5. United Kingdom

UK is the abbreviation of United Kingdom or United Kingdom. It is a constitutional monarchy and includes, in addition to central England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Guernsey, Jersey, Gibraltar and the Isle of Man. Added up, this composition gives a population of 66,435,550.

The United Kingdom is completely enclosed by the Atlantic Ocean: the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Irish Sea to the west. Only Northern Ireland borders the Republic of Ireland to the south. The UK has a great colonial past and remains an economic world player to this day, for example as a member of the G8.

4. France

In terms of territory, France (or the French Republic) is undisputedly the largest country in Western Europe and the European Union. It is also the third largest country in all of Europe. France includes both the sovereign capital in Western Europe and a number of overseas regions and territories. The mainland of France stretches from the Mediterranean to the English Channel and the North Sea; from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean.

Due to the shape of the country, France is sometimes called ‘L’Hexagone’ (‘The Hexagon’) by its inhabitants. The presidential republic has a population of 67,076,000. The country’s capital and center is Paris .

3. Turkey


The Republic of Turkey is, so to speak, a transcontinental country. It is located mostly on Anatolia in Western Asia, but also in Southeastern Europe. As many as eight countries surround Turkey in this way: Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Nakhchivan, Iraq and Syria. The Mediterranean Sea is located to the south of the country, the Aegean Sea to the west and the Black Sea to the north.

Also noteworthy are the Turkish Straits (the Sea of ​​Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles), which divide Turkey into two halves and at the same time separate Europe and Asia. The Turkish population today numbers 83,154,997 members.

2. Germany


The Federal Republic of Germany is a parliamentary republic consisting of sixteen states. The capital Berlin is also the largest city in the country. Germany has a territory of 357,021 square kilometers. In 2019, approximately 82,887,000 people live on this surface. That makes Germany the most densely populated area of ​​the European Union, of which it has been the largest locomotive, along with France, since its foundation. Germany is the largest political power in the European Union and a historic leader in culture, science theory and technology.

1. Russia


With a population of no less than 146,877,088 inhabitants, Russia is almost twice the size of its first pursuer Germany. With a territory of 17,075,00 square kilometers – or more than one eighth of the total inhabited land area on earth – the Russian Federation is the largest country in the world.

It shares borders with fourteen different countries in Europe and Asia. It shares maritime demarcations with the United States (Alaska) through the Bering Strait and with Japan through the Sea of ​​Okhotsk. The Federation thus covers the whole of Northern Asia and most of Eastern Europe, divided over nine time zones and an enormous variety of environments and landscapes.