Top 10 Densely Populated Countries in The World

By | February 23, 2023

If many people live together in a small area, then a country is densely populated. It is striking that especially the small countries are densely populated. Not surprisingly, this small area contains a relatively large amount of built-up (urban) area. On the list of most densely populated countries, the Netherlands is number 16, with a density of 418 people per square kilometer. That is quite a high position, in a list that consists of 237 countries. At the very bottom of the list, Greenland is number 237 with a density of 0.03/km². Check ehealthfacts for list of countries with the least population in the world.

In this top 10 list of most densely populated countries in the world, the data from 2019 has been used as much as possible, insofar as this was available.

At the end of the list, we have also placed a top 5 of densely populated countries with more than 10 million inhabitants.

10. Bermuda (1,227 people per km²)

Bermuda is located on the east coast, more than 1,000 kilometers from the United States. The country consists of several islands. The largest of these are Bermuda (also known as Main Island), Saint George, Saint David and Somerset. The total area of ​​the islands is only 53 km². There are many people on it (69,839). Tourists make the islands even more crowded. Apparently , not so many people disappear in the Bermuda Triangle after all .

Bermuda is also an overseas territory under the sovereignty of the United Kingdom, the oldest surviving colony of the United Kingdom. There are several countries in this list of densely populated countries of which the question is whether we can really count them as countries, also think of Hong Kong and Macau, these are special administrative regions of the People’s Republic of China. We have included them in the list for the sake of completeness.

9. Maldives (1,269 people per km²)

The Maldives archipelago is located southwest of India in the Indian Ocean. The Maldives are known as very paradise islands . The country consists of no fewer than 1,190 islands. Although the islands are spread over a huge area, the land area is small (300 km²). The largest island is only 5 km². Only 200 of the islands are inhabited, 88 are tourist resorts. The population density on the inhabited islands is therefore on average greater than the stated 1,269/km². You may wonder how paradise these islands (still) are.

8. Malta (1,510 people per km²)

The country of Malta is located in the Mediterranean Sea below Sicily (the football of Italy). It is a small country (316 km²) consisting of eight islands, three of which are larger, namely Malta, Gozo and Comino. The smaller islands are Manoel Island, Cominotto, Filfla, Fungus Rock and Saint Paul’s Islands. Of these, the last four islands are uninhabited. That says a lot about the dense population on the other four islands. So here people live closer together on average than the aforementioned 1,510/km². The country is even busier due to the more than 1 million tourists who visit the country every year.

7. Bahrain (1,983 people per km²)

The small island nation of Bahrain is located in the Persian Gulf off the coast of Saudi Arabia. Bahrain occupies an important financial and economic position within the oil world. The country consists of 33 islands with a total land area of ​​767 km². More than one million (1,543,300) people live on this small area, mostly working in the oil world.

6. Vatican City (2,273 persons per km²)

The smallest independent state in the world is (State of) Vatican City. It only has an area of ​​0.44 km². It is an enclave within Italy enclosed by the city of Rome . In the country is the Apostolic Palace, in which the Head of State, the Pope, lives. 1,000 inhabitants still live in the extremely small area. That makes the country number 6 on this list.

5. Gibraltar (4,874 people per km²)

At the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea, south of Spain, is the Iberian Peninsula of Gibraltar. Many people (33,140) live on the very small surface of the country (6 km²). At the very tip of the peninsula is a mountain, behind it is an urban area, where people work in tourism, shipping and financial services. So it is not surprising that this small country is densely populated.

4. Hong Kong (6,765 persons per km²)

Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China (just like Macau, the number 1 on this list). The country is located on the South China Sea. Hong Kong consists of 236 islands and has a total area of ​​1,104 km². Hong Kong is a metropolis, a large modern city with many high-rise buildings . In fact, it is the city with the most skyscrapers . It is therefore not surprising that so many people (7,482,500) live close together here.

3. Singapore (7,804 people per km²)

Singapore (7,804 people per km²)

The smallest country in Southeast Asia is Singapore. It is a city-state with an area of ​​716 km². It contains 63 islands. The main island has the same name as the country. Singapore is connected to mainland Malaysia by a dam. The city of Singapore has a population of 5,638,700. It is almost impossible to get rid of the huge number of people. There is even land reclamation to accommodate people.

2. Monaco (18,960 people per km²)

Monaco (18,960 people per km²)

Monaco is a dwarf state located on the Mediterranean Sea. On the landward side it is enclosed by France. Monaco is the second smallest country in the world after the Vatican City . It has an area of ​​only 2.02 km². It does have 38,300 inhabitants. This makes the country number 2 on this list.

1. Macau (20,286 people per km²)

Macau (20,286 people per km²)

The country of Macau is a special administrative region of China (just like Hong Kong, the number 4 on this list). It is located near Hong Kong, 70 kilometers southwest. It only has an area of ​​30 km², but no less than 667,400 inhabitants live in the urban area with many high-rise buildings. Yet the country has a major shortage of workers, which even forced many shops to close. The cause of this is the gambling palaces , where wages are three times higher than standard.