Tonga, Tuvalu, and Tokelau

By | August 3, 2021

Tonga

Area: 747 km² (of which land: 717 km², water: 30 km²)

Population:
105,916 residents (estimate July 2011, CIA). Polynesians and Europeans.

Population density: 142 residents per km²

Population growth:
0.243% per year (2011, CIA)

Capital: Nukuʻalofa on the island of Tongatapu

Highest point:
unnamed point on Kao Island, 1,033 m

Lowest point: Pacific Ocean, 0 m

Form of government: As a country located in Oceania defined by aristmarketing.com, Tonga is the only one of the Pacific nations that has never completely lost self-determination. The island groups were united in a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. In 1875 Tonga became a constitutional monarchy and in 1900 a British protectorate. In 1970 Tonga declared the end of the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations. Tonga is the only monarchy in the Pacific. The 30-member parliament consists of chiefs, governors, elected deputies and ministers appointed by the king.

Administrative division: 3 groups of islands: Ha’apai, Tongatapu and Vava’u

Head of State: King Tupou VI, since March 18, 2012

Head of Government: Prime Minister Lord Tuʻivakanō, since December 22, 2010

Language: The official languages ​​in Tonga are Tongan and English.

Religion: Free Wesleyan Church 41.3%, Roman Catholic 15.9%, Free Church of Tonga 11.7%, Church of Tonga 7.3%, Tokaikolo Christian Church 3.0%, Seventh-day Adventists 2, 5%, Assemblies of God 1.1%, Anglican Church 0.7%.

Local time: CET + 12 h
On Tonga there is no change between summer and winter time.
The time difference to Central Europe is + 12 h in winter and + 11 h in summer.

International phone code: + 676

Internet code:.to

Mains voltage: 240 V, 50 Hz

Tuvalu

Area: 26 km²

Population:
10,544 residents (July 2011 estimate, CIA). Polynesians 96%, Micronesians 4%.

Population density: 406 residents per km²

Population growth:
0.702% per year (2011, CIA)

Capital: Funafuti (4,492 residents, 2002)

Highest point:
unnamed point, 5 m

Lowest point: Pacific Ocean, 0 m

Form of government: In 1974, due to ethnic conflicts in the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands, the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands decided to separate from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands. The following year, the Ellice Islands became a separate British colony of Tuvalu. Tuvalu was granted independence on October 1, 1978.
Tuvalu is a parliamentary monarchy represented in the Commonwealth. The constitution of Tuvalu dates back to 1978. The parliament consists of a chamber with 15 members who are elected for four years.

Administrative division: 9 islands: Funafuti, Nanumea, Nui, Nukufetau, Nukulaelae, Vaitupu, Nanumanga, Niulakita and Niutao

Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II (since February 6, 1952), represented in Tuvalu by Governor General Sir Iakopa Italeli (since April 16, 2010)

Head of Government: Prime Minister Willy Telavi, since December 24, 2010

Language: The official languages ​​in Tonga are Tuvaluan and English. Samoan and Kiribati are also spoken on the island of Nui.

Religion: Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalists) 97%, Seventh-Day Adventists 1.4%, Baha’i 1%, Others 0.6%

Local time: CET + 11 h
On Tuvalu there is no change between summer and winter time.
The time difference to Central Europe is + 11 h in winter and + 10 h in summer.

International telephone code: + 688

Internet code:.tv

Mains voltage: 240 V, 60 Hz

Tokelau

Tokelau

Area: 12 km²

Population:
1,384 residents (July 2011 estimate, CIA). Polynesians.

Population density: 115 residents per km²

Population growth:
-0.011% per year (2011, CIA)

Capital: none, each atoll has its own administrative center.

Highest point:
unnamed point, 5 m

Lowest point: Pacific Ocean, 0 m

Form of government: the atolls of Tokelau were originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from the surrounding archipelagos. In 1889 Great Britain declared the islands a protectorate, which was given to New Zealand for administration in 1925. In 2006 and 2007 referendums were held on the status of Tokelau. However, the change from the current form of an area dependent on New Zealand to a free association with New Zealand did not find a majority.

Head of State: Elizabeth II in her capacity as Queen of New Zealand (since February 6, 1952), represented on Tokelau by the administrator Jonathan Kings (since February 2011)

Mayor (Ulu-o-Tokelau): Salesio Lui, since March 5, 2013

Language: The official languages ​​in Tokelau are Tokelau and English.

Religion: Congregational Christian Church of Samoa 70%, Roman Catholic 28%, Other 2%
On Atafu, all residents of the Congregational Christian Church of Samoa belong. On Nukunonu all residents are Roman Catholic. Both faiths are represented on Fakaofo, with the Congregational Christian Church being predominant.

Local time: CET – 11 am
On Tokelau there is no change between summer and winter time.
The time difference to Central Europe is in winter – 11 h and in summer – 12 h.

International phone code: + 690

Internet code:.tk