The revised TOEFL Paper-delivered Test is offered in this location.
The list below shows testing regions, fees and dates as of February 15, 2019, but availability may change when you register. Fees are shown in US$ and are subject to change without notice.
|Region||Testing Format||Fee||Test Dates|
|Khartoum (Code: G301)||TOEFL Paper Testing||$180
|Sat., Oct 13, 2018
Sat., Nov 10, 2018
Sat., Feb 09, 2019
Sat., Apr 13, 2019
Sudan, Republic on both sides of the Upper Nile, in northeast Africa. The population (Sudanese) consists of a large number of ethnic groups. More than three quarters of the population belong to the Sudan Arabs. The desert areas in the north are almost deserted, the areas around Khartoum and in the central region are densely populated. Over 80% of the population are Sunni Muslims. Until the oil fields were opened up, the country’s economy was geared towards the export of agricultural products (especially cotton). Arable farming can only be practiced on 5% of the country’s area. The main crops are wheat, millet, peanuts, sugar cane and sesame. Livestock is farmed by nomads (cattle, sheep, camels, goats). The extraction of gum arabic is important. The main oil production areas are in Kordofan (pipeline to Port Sudan on the Red Sea).
History: The upper Nile valley was colonized by the pharaohs. From about 900 to 300 BC The kingdom of Kush existed there. Christianity emerged from Egypt in the 6th century. A number of Christian-Nubian states emerged ( Nubia ). In 1899 the Anglo-Egyptian rule began over Sudan, which has been an independent republic since 1956. In the 1980s, increasing tensions between the Arab-Islamic north and the Christian-black African south and the government’s radical Islamization policy led to a civil war. A peace treaty could only be concluded in 2005. Fighting in the Darfur region (since 2003), in which militias of Arab origin from the north repeatedly attacked the rural population, overshadowed the peace process. A UN peace mission tried to stabilize the region. In 2011, over 98% of the population in South Sudan spoke out in favor of independence. However, there continued to be armed conflicts over oil production and the demarcation of the border between the two countries.
- COUNTRYAAH: National flag of Sudan. Includes the year when the flag was designed and formally used. Also covers its meaning and downloadable high definition image.
- Official name: Republic of Sudan
- License plate: SUD
- ISO-3166: SD, SDN (729)
- Internet domain:.sd
- Currency: 1 Sudanese pound = 100 piastres
- Area: 1,879,358 km²
- Population (2018): 41.8 million
- Capital: Khartoum
- Official language (s): Arabic
- Form of government: Republic
- Administrative division: 18 states
- Religion (s): Muslims (Sunnis), Christians
- Time zone: Central European Time +1 hour
- National holiday: January 1st
Location and infrastructure
- Location (geographical): Northeast Africa
- Climate: In the north desert climate, south of Khartoum semi-desert climate
- Highest mountain: Jabal Marra (3088 m)
- Road network: n / a
- Railway network (2014): 7 251 km
- Annual population growth (2018): 2.9%
- Birth rate (2018): 34.2 per 1,000 residents.
- Death rate (2018): 6.7 per 1000 residents.
- Average age (2018): 17.9 years
- Average life expectancy (2018): 65.8 years (men 63.7; women 68.1)
- Age structure (2018): 43.0% younger than 15 years, 2.9% older than 65 years
- Literacy rate (15-year-olds and older) (2015): 75.9%
- Mobile phone contracts (pre-paid and post-paid) (2017): 71 per 100 residents
- Internet users (2017): 31 per 100 residents
- GDP per capita (2018): 808 US $
- Total GDP (2018): US $ 34 billion
- GNI per capita (2018): US $ 1,560
- Education expenditure (2009): 2.2% of GDP
- Military expenditure (2018): 2.2% of GDP
- Unemployment rate (15 years and older) (2017): 12.8%
The transitional constitution of 2005 also includes freedom of religion among the basic rights, which, however, is curtailed in reality. For a long time, the government pursued the policy of promoting the Islamic majority religion, introduced in the 1980s, and was supported in this by the influential Sufi brotherhoods ( Qadirija, Shadhilija, Majdhubija, Sammanija, Idrissija, Rashidija, Khatmija, Tidjanija ).
About 97% of the population profess Islam: the vast majority of them are Sunni Muslims, mainly from the Maliki school of law. The Islamic religious practice shows a strong internal differentiation and is strongly influenced by popular Islam in the country ( popular Islam ). The Sufi brotherhoods – with different regional emphases – sometimes also follow certain party-political orientations in their socio-political life.
The Christian minority (estimated to be less than 2% of the population) lives mainly in the greater Khartoum area: it mainly belongs to the Catholic Church (Archdiocese of Khartoum with a suffragan diocese) and the Anglican Church (Province of South Sudan and Sudan with five dioceses in Sudan). – Traditional African religions, particularly represented by the Nuba, Nuer and Zande, can be found on the border with South Sudan. The widespread syncretistic religious practice, which combines elements of popular belief with those of monotheistic religions, leads to blurring. Precise information on the followers of indigenous beliefs is therefore not possible.
Sudan has a marginally tropical climate with a rainy season that quickly becomes shorter to the north: from July to August in the center of the country; in the desert regions of the north there is no precipitation for most of the years; only the coastal area on the Red Sea receives sparse winter precipitation. The annual total of precipitation decreases rapidly from up to 500 mm in the south to 141 mm in Khartoum and 75 mm in Atbara; Port Sudan receives 110mm annually in about 11 days of precipitation. The mean January temperatures are between 16 ° C in the north and 26 ° C in the south, the mean July temperatures between 29 ° C in the south and 42 ° C in the north.