The TOEFL iBT test is offered in this location.
The list below shows testing regions, fees and dates as of February 15, 2019, but availability may change when you register. Fees are shown in US$ and are subject to change without notice.
|Region||Testing Format||Fee||Test Dates|
|Fri., Mar 08, 2019
Sat., Mar 09, 2019
Sat., Mar 30, 2019
Fri., Apr 05, 2019
Sat., Apr 13, 2019
Sat., May 04, 2019
Fri., May 10, 2019
Sat., May 11, 2019
Sat., May 18, 2019
Sat., Jun 01, 2019
Sat., Jun 15, 2019
Sat., Jun 29, 2019
Fri., Jul 12, 2019
Sat., Jul 13, 2019
Panama, Republic in Central America. The mostly forested, mountainous country is at its deepest and narrowest point of the Panama Canal cut through. The most important market products are coffee, bananas and sugar cane. The fishing is productive. The industry focuses on consumer goods for domestic consumption. The economy is largely geared towards providing services abroad. A large merchant fleet operates under the Panamanian flag. More than 65% of the predominantly Catholic population are mestizo, around 10% white.
History: In 1903 Panama, which had been part of the Spanish colonial empire until the 19th century, broke away from Colombia. In the same year it ceded the area for the construction of the Panama Canal (the Panama Canal Zone) to the USA. According to a contract signed in 1977, the canal and canal zone were returned to Panama at the end of 1999.
- COUNTRYAAH: National flag of Panama. Includes the year when the flag was designed and formally used. Also covers its meaning and downloadable high definition image.
- Official name: Republic of Panama
- License plate: PA
- ISO-3166: PA, PAN (591)
- Internet domain:.pa
- Currency: 1 Balboa (B /.) = 100 Centésimos
- Area: 75 420 km²
- Population (2018): 4.2 million
- Capital: Panama
- Official language (s): Spanish
- Form of government: Presidential Republic
- Administrative division: 10 provinces, 5 autonomous indigenous territories (comarcas)
- Head of State: President Laurentino Cortizo (since July 1, 2019)
- Religion (s): Christians
- Time zone: Central European Time -6 hours
- National Day: November 3rd
Location and infrastructure
- Location (geographical): Central America
- Location (coordinates): between 7 ° 12 ‘and 9 ° 38’ north latitude and 77 ° 09 ‘and 83 ° 03’ west longitude
- Climate: Tropical climate
- Highest mountain: Barú (3 475 m)
- Road network: 4300 km (paved), 7678 km (unpaved)
- Railway network (2014): 77 km
- Annual population growth (2020): 1.2%
- Birth rate (2020): 17.1 per 1000 inh.
- Death rate (2020): 5.1 per 1000 residents.
- Average age (2020): 30.1 years
- Average life expectancy (2020): 79.2 years (men 76.4; women 82.2)
- Age structure (2020): 25.6% younger than 15 years, 9.0% older than 65 years
- Literacy rate (15 year olds and older) (2018): 95.4%
- Mobile phone contracts (pre-paid and post-paid) (2017): 127 per 100 residents
- Internet users (2017): 58 per 100 residents
- GDP per capita (2018): US $ 15,679
- Total GDP (2018): US $ 65 billion
- GNI per capita (2018): US $ 14,370
- Education expenditure (2011): 3.2% of GDP
- Military expenditure: n / a
- Unemployment rate (15 years and older) (2017): 5.6%
With an average of 55 residents / km 2, Panama is relatively sparsely populated. However, while the Caribbean slope of the Darién is almost uninhabited, the 67% urban population is concentrated on the Pacific coast and the canal zone. Colonialism has left its mark on the ethnic composition of the population. About 70% of Panamanians are mestizos (German mestizo) and mulatos (German mulatto), 7% white (mostly descendants of Spaniards and other Europeans or Americans). Some of the ancestors of the black population (9%) came from the West Indies as railway and canal construction workers, while others were dragged into the country as slaves from Africa during the Spanish colonial period as porters for transisthmic traffic. The indigenous population (around 12%), who belong to the Central American Indians, mostly live in their own settlements and reservations. The most important groups are the Guaymí of the highlands of Chiriquí, Bocas del Toro and Veraguas and the Cuna living in the Comarca de San Blas. In addition to the official language Spanish, various Indian languages as well as English as the lingua franca and as the language of the black Panamanians of Caribbean origin are spoken.
The biggest cities in Panama
|Largest cities (population, 2010 census)|
|Ciudad de Panamá||430 300|
|Las Cumbres||127 400|
|La Chorrera||118 500|
The constitution guarantees religious freedom, binds the practice of religion to “respect for Christian morality and public order” and describes the Roman Catholic creed as “the religion of the majority of Panamanians”. However, there is no official or state religion.
Since there are no official surveys on religious affiliation, estimates from other organizations must be used, which provide different figures. According to this, about 61-70% of the population belong to the Catholic Church (an archdiocese with five suffragan bishops and a territorial prelature), 18 to over 22% belong to (post-) Reformation denominations (Evangelicals and other Protestant Christians: Pentecostals, Baptists, Methodists, Lutherans, etc.)). Religious groups related to Christianity (Adventists, Mormons, Jehovah’s Witnesses) together make up more than 2% of the population. Non-Christian religious minorities are made up of Muslims, Baha’is, Buddhists, Hindus and Jews. Followers of traditional religions are found in small numbers among the indigenous population. Approx. 10% do not profess any religion.