The TOEFL iBT test is offered in this location.
The list below shows testing regions, fees and dates as of February 15, 2019, but availability may change when you register. Fees are shown in US$ and are subject to change without notice.
|Region||Testing Format||Fee||Test Dates|
|Sat., Mar 16, 2019
Fri., Apr 05, 2019
Sat., Apr 13, 2019
Sat., May 04, 2019
Sat., Jun 01, 2019
Fri., Jul 12, 2019
Sat., Jul 13, 2019
Nicaragua (Nicaragua), republic in Central America, between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The population is made up of mestizos (75%), whites (10%), Indians (4%), blacks (9%), mulattos and zambos. The capital Managua was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake in 1972. Nicaragua is a volcanic, wooded, mountainous country with a hot climate and fertile areas on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. More than 70% of the population live in this coastal area. Export goods are coffee, meat, cotton and sugar. The industry processes agricultural products, as well as textiles, leather and metal goods.
Story: After Columbus’ discovery in 1502, Nicaragua belonged to the former Spanish colonial empire. From 1823–38 it was part of the Central American Federation, since then it has been an independent republic. The United States occupied Nicaragua in 1912–32. The Somoza family ruled the country for more than 40 years before they had to leave Nicaragua after a civil war in 1979 and were replaced by a government junta of the Marxist Sandinista liberation movement. With the presidential elections in 1990, the Sandinista rule ended, against which the “Contras”, which were financially supported by the USA, rose up. In 2004, the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) negotiated in 2003 was signed between the Central American states and the USA.
- COUNTRYAAH: National flag of Nicaragua. Includes the year when the flag was designed and formally used. Also covers its meaning and downloadable high definition image.
- Official name: Republic of Nicaragua
- License plate: NIC
- ISO-3166: NI, NIC (558)
- Internet domain:.ni
- Currency: 1 Cordoba (C $) = 100 Centavos
- Area: 130,370 km²
- Population (2018): 6.5 million
- Capital: Managua
- Official language (s): Spanish
- Form of government: Presidential Republic
- Administrative division: 15 departments, 2 autonomous regions
- Head of State: President Daniel Ortega Saavedra (since 10.1.2007)
- Religion (s) (2017): Christians (50% Catholics, 33% Protestants), 16% other / n / a, 1% non-denominational
- Time zone: Central European Time –7 hours
- National Day: September 15th
Location and infrastructure
- Location (geographical): Central America
- Position (coordinates): between 11 ° and 15 ° north latitude and 83 ° and 87 ° 30 ‘west longitude
- Climate: Tropical climate
- Highest mountain: Mogotón (2 107 m)
- Road network (2014): 3 346 km (paved), 20 551 km (unpaved)
- Railway network: n / a
- Annual population growth (2020): 1%
- Birth rate (2020): 17.1 per 1,000 residents.
- Death rate (2020): 5.2 per 1,000 residents.
- Average age (2020): 27.3 years
- Average life expectancy (2020): 74.2 years (men 72; women 76.6)
- Age structure (2020): 25.6% younger than 15 years, 5.8% older than 65 years
- Literacy rate (15-year-olds and older) (2015): 82.6%
- Mobile phone contracts (pre-paid and post-paid) (2017): 132 per 100 residents
- Internet users (2017): 28 per 100 residents
- GDP per capita (2018): US $ 2 108
- Total GDP (2018): US $ 13 billion
- GNI per capita (2018): US $ 2,020
- Education expenditure (2017): 4.3% of GDP
- Military expenditure (2019): 0.7% of GDP
- Unemployment rate (15 years and older) (2017): 4.4%
69% of the population are mestizos with indigenous European ancestry, 17% are white. They live mainly between the Pacific coast and the great lakes and the northern highlands. The Caribbean lowlands, on the other hand, are hardly inhabited; In the few settlement centers on the coast and along rivers, mainly indigenous people (misquit, sumo, rama), blacks (9%) and garífunas (mixed population from Caribs and descendants of African slaves) live. Besides the official language Spanish, Creole English and indigenous languages are predominantly spoken in the eastern parts of the country. The average population density (2017) is 52 residents / km 2. 59% of the population live in cities, one in four lives in the agglomeration of Managua. Other large cities are León, Chinandega, Masaya, Granada and Estelí.
The biggest cities in Nicaragua
|Largest cities (inh., 2019 estimate)|
|Managua||1 041 100|
|Ciudad Sandino||118 800|
Nicaragua has been a country of emigration since the 1980s: it is now estimated that one in five Nicaraguans lives and works – legally or illegally – abroad, especially in Costa Rica and the USA.
Social: The population growth, which averaged 2.2% annually between 1975 and 2005, fell to 0.98% (2017).
The distribution of income in Nicaragua is extremely unequal. It is estimated that around 30% of the population live below the poverty line, mainly in rural areas. The health care system that was built up during the Sandinista era and provided free basic medical care throughout the country suffered from significant cuts in financial resources from 1990 onwards.
The tropical climate shows little seasonal temperature fluctuations (in the lowlands 22–26 ° C, in the mountains 17–22 ° C). As a result of the seasonal change between north-east and south-west winds, the central mountainous region separates the constantly humid areas with 2,500–6,000 mm annual precipitation in the east and the alternately humid areas with a maximum of 2,000 mm annual precipitation in the west (in the sink zone sometimes below 1,000 mm). The rainy season runs from May to October. Hurricanes are common on the east coast.