The TOEFL iBT test is offered in this location.
The list below shows testing regions, fees and dates as of February 15, 2019, but availability may change when you register. Fees are shown in US$ and are subject to change without notice.
|Region||Testing Format||Fee||Test Dates|
|Sat., May 04, 2019
Sat., Jun 01, 2019
Monaco [ mo ː nako, mo nako, French m ɔ na ko], officially French Principauté de Monaco [prε sipo te də -], German principality of Monaco, European small state on the French Riviera with (2018) 38700 Residents; The capital is Monaco.
- COUNTRYAAH: National flag of Monaco. Includes the year when the flag was designed and formally used. Also covers its meaning and downloadable high definition image.
- Official name: Principality of Monaco
- License plate: MC
- ISO-3166: MC, MCO (492)
- Internet domain:.mc
- Currency: 1 euro (€) = 100 cents
- Area: 2 km²
- Population (2018): 38 700
- Capital: Monaco
- Official language (s): French
- Form of government: Constitutional hereditary monarchy
- Administrative division: 9 districts (quarters)
- Head of State: Prince Albert II.
- Head of Government: Serge Telle
- Religion (s): Christians (90% Catholics), 10% others
- Time zone: Central European Time
- National Day: November 19th
Location and infrastructure
- Location (geographical): Southern Europe
- Location (coordinates): at 43 ° 44 ‘north latitude and 7 ° 25’ east longitude
- Climate: Mediterranean with hot summers and mild winters
- Highest mountain: Chemin des Révoires (161 m)
- Road network: 77 km (paved)
- Annual population growth (2020): 0.4%
- Birth rate (2020): 6.4 per 1000 residents.
- Death rate (2020): 10.8 per 1000 residents.
- Average age (2020): 55.4 years
- Average life expectancy (2020): 89.3 years (men 85.4; women 93.3)
- Age structure (2020): 9.4% younger than 15 years, 35.2% older than 65 years
- Literacy rate (15 year olds and older): N / A
- Mobile phone contracts (pre-paid and post-paid) (2017): 97 per 100 residents
- Internet users (2017): 85 per 100 residents
- GDP per capita (2015): US $ 115,700
- Total GDP: n / a
- GNI per capita: n / a
- Education expenditure (2016): 1.4% of GDP
- Military expenditure: n / a
- Unemployment rate (15 years and older) (2012): 2%
Formerly inhabited by populations of Ligurian stock, Monaco probably owes its current name to the name of the Monoikos tribes, who populated it in the Neolithic era. The area became in Roman times one of the main commercial landmarks of the Ligurian coast. In La Turbie, Augustus had the Trophaeum Alpium built, in memory of the successes achieved against the peoples of the interior. There is little information about Munich in the early Middle Ages. In 1162 the Genoese merchants obtained from Federico Barbarossa the right to use the Monegasque territory for their trade. In 1297 the Genoese family of the Guelph side of the Grimaldi he established his authority there thanks to the audacity of Francesco, known as Malizia. For the descendants of the latter, power was successfully contended by other families of the Genoese nobility who alternately managed to take possession of it, however, having to bow to French and Spanish interference. The stable supremacy of the Grimaldi dates back to 1419 and even more to 1489, when King Charles VIII himself recognized them as lordship. Emperor Charles V imposed Spanish influence on Monaco in 1524, but in 1641 France was still the guarantor of the small state. The reforms granted by Prince Honored III in 1789 did not preserve Monaco from the ambitions of France, which in 1793 annexed it to its own territories. With the Restoration the French influence was replaced by that of the Savoy. In 1848 the Principality lost Menton and Roccabruna, which in 1861 passed to France. In the same year, the Franco-Monegasque treaty again recognized the sovereignty of Monaco. In 1866 Charles III of Monaco founded Montecarlo. In 1918 a treaty was signed which stipulated that Monegasque politics would be aligned with that of France, including military and economic policies. In 1949 Ranieri III came to power and in 2005, on the death of his father, Albert II. In 1993 the Principality of Monaco joined the United Nations as an official member. Despite not being part of the EU, Monaco joined the economic and customs policy of Europe, converting, after 1999, to the euro.
The government of the Principality of Monaco has always shown considerable attention to issues relating to marine pollution and the protection of animals. In this perspective, it is necessary to evaluate the adhesion, in 1976, to the Barcelona convention for the protection of the Mediterranean Sea and the signing, in the same year, of the RAMOGE agreement (together with France and Italy), for the protection of a large stretch of sea coast (from Marseille to La Spezia). Among other initiatives, an agreement signed in Rome, in 1999, (again with France and Italy), for the establishment of a “Sanctuary for marine mammals”: this is the creation of a vast marine protected area, between Punta Escampobariou near Toulon (France) and Capo Falcone (Sardinia) to the W, Capo Ferro (Sardinia) and the Foce del Chiarone to E (Tuscany), in order to preserve marine mammals and their habitat. Protected areas are 0.7% of the territory.