The TOEFL iBT test is offered in this location.
The list below shows testing regions, fees and dates as of February 15, 2019, but availability may change when you register. Fees are shown in US$ and are subject to change without notice.
|Region||Testing Format||Fee||Test Dates|
|Sat., Feb 23, 2019
Sat., Mar 16, 2019
Fri., Apr 05, 2019
Sat., Apr 13, 2019
Sat., May 04, 2019
Sat., Jun 01, 2019
Sat., Jul 13, 2019
Mali, republic in the north of the western Sahara, im Sahel and in the river basins of the upper Niger and Senegal. From the savannah in the south, which is rich in game, the land turns into desert to the north. The main livelihood of the population (Sudan peoples) is agriculture.
History: The kingdom of Mali existed in western Sudan from the 12th century. Century fell apart. The area became a French colony in the late 19th century. In 1960 Mali gained independence.
Mali is considered to be one of the poorest countries in the world. The north of the country is characterized by ethnic and religious conflicts. Due to the serious unrest and the great poverty, over 100,000 Malians leave their homeland every year and work in neighboring countries as well as in France and the Arab countries.
- COUNTRYAAH: National flag of Mali. Includes the year when the flag was designed and formally used. Also covers its meaning and downloadable high definition image.
- Official name: Republic of Mali
- License plate: RMM
- ISO-3166: ML, MLI (466)
- Internet domain:.ml
- Currency: CFA franc
- Area: 1,240,190 km²
- Population (2019): 19.7 million
- Capital: Bamako
- Official language (s): French
- Form of government: Presidential Republic
- Administrative division: 8 regions and capital district
- Head of State: Interim President Bah N’Daw (since September 25, 2020)
- Transitional Head of Government: Moctar Ouane (since September 27, 2020)
- Religion (s) (2018): 94% Muslim (Sunni); 3% Christians, 3% non-denominational, followers of traditional local religions
- Time zone: Central European Time -1 hour
- National Day: September 22nd
Location and infrastructure
- Location (geographical): West Africa
- Position (coordinates): between 10 ° and 25 ° north latitude and 12 ° 10 ‘west and 4 ° 15’ east longitude
- Climate: In the south a humid tropical savanna climate, in the north desert climate
- Highest mountain: Hombori Tondo (1 155 m)
- Road network (2018): 139 107 km
- Railway network (2014): 593 km
- Annual population growth (2020): 3%
- Birth rate (2020): 42.2 per 1000 inh.
- Death rate (2020): 9 per 1000 pop.
- Average age (2020): 16 years
- Average life expectancy (2020): 61.6 years (men 59.4; women 63.9)
- Age structure (2020): 47.7% younger than 15 years, 3% older than 65 years
- Literacy rate (15-year-olds and older) (2018): 35.5%
- Mobile phone contracts (pre-paid and post-paid) (2018): 115 per 100 residents
- Internet users (2017): 13 per 100 residents
- GDP per capita (2019): US $ 924
- Total GDP (2019): US $ 18 billion
- GNI per capita (2019): US $ 880
- Education expenditure (2017): 3.8% of GDP
- Military expenditure (2019): 2.7% of GDP
- Unemployment rate (15 years and older) (2019): 7.2%
With 15 residents / km 2, Mali is one of the most sparsely populated countries in Africa. The majority of the population lives in the south, especially on the Niger. The numerically strongest group of the numerous ethnic groups are the Bambara(34%). Other groups are Fulbe (15%), Senufo (10%), Dogon (9%), Malinke (9%), Songhai, Bobo, Tuareg and Moors. Bamakan, Songhai, Ful and Tamazigh are regional and lingua franca in Mali. The drought in the Sahel has forced many nomads to give up their habitat in the north of the country and their way of life and move south, which has led to conflicts with the local farmers. 41% of the population live in cities (2017); the only big city is Bamako, a metropolis of millions.
The biggest cities in Mali
|Largest cities (population 2009 census)|
|Bamako||1 810 400|
Due to the political unrest and widespread poverty, over 100,000 Malians (2017: 150,300) leave their homeland every year and work in neighboring countries as well as in France and Arab countries. The number of internally displaced persons is estimated at 38,200 in 2017.
Social: The social and health services are at a low level, the medical care of the population is inadequate, especially in rural regions.
The constitution guarantees religious freedom and defines Mali as a secular state. The dominant religion is Islam, which is strongly influenced by Sufi brotherhoods. According to the 2009 census, around 95% of the population are Sunni Muslims from the Maliki school of law, around 2% are attributed to indigenous African religions (Bobo, Dogon and Senufo), and over 2% are Christians (predominantly Catholics). Islam has also incorporated elements of African religiosity (e.g. among the Malinke and Songhai).
Climate and vegetation
Mali has a share in four large climatic and vegetation zones: from the humid savannah in the extreme south to dry and thorny savannah to the extremely arid desert in the north. The southern part of the country has three seasons: rainy season (June – October), cool dry season (November – February), hot dry season (March – May); in the north it only rains in September and October. The average temperature is 30 ° C, rising to the north. The annual rainfall reaches 1,200 mm in the south and barely more than 120 mm on the edge of the Sahara. Drought periods of several years often occur (especially between 1969 and 1974, at the beginning of the 1980s, 1992 and 1994) in which there is no significant rainfall ( Sahel, desertification ). Land devastation and famine are both the consequences of these catastrophic drought years.