The revised TOEFL Paper-delivered Test is offered in this location.
The list below shows testing regions, fees and dates as of February 15, 2019, but availability may change when you register. Fees are shown in US$ and are subject to change without notice.
|Region||Testing Format||Fee||Test Dates|
|Benghazi (Code: F401)||TOEFL Paper Testing||$180
|Sat., Oct 13, 2018
Sat., Feb 09, 2019
Sat., Apr 13, 2019
Libya, state in North Africa. The country consists largely of the Libyan desert (only a few oases); Agriculture is only possible in the coastal area. Oil has been extracted and exported since 1958. The majority Muslim population consists mainly of Arabs (34%) and Arabized Berbers (30%) as well as Berbers living in tribal societies (25%).
History: In the western coastal area (Tripolitania) originated in the 8th / 7th centuries. Century BC Phoenician foundations at the same time in Cyrenaica (landscape in eastern Libya). In the 1st century BC In BC Libya was divided between the Western and Eastern Roman Empire in 395 AD. The Arabs conquered the whole country around 650. The Turks ruled from 1551. In 1912 Libya became an Italian colony and an independent kingdom in 1951. After a military coup under Colonel Moamar al-Gaddhafi (1942–2011), the republic was proclaimed in 1969; Libya has been a socialist people’s republic since 1976. Because of its longstanding support for terrorist groups, Libya was isolated for a long time within the international community and subjected to UN sanctions.
It was not until 2003 that the sanctions were lifted after a Libyan acknowledgment of guilt and compensation payments. Relations with the West relaxed further when Gaddhafi renounced weapons of mass destruction and the country signed the Additional Protocol to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 2004. In 2011 a protest movement arose against Gaddhafi’s rule. A bloody civil war developed. The Gaddhafi opponents formed a National Transitional Council. The UN Security Council authorized the international community to establish a no-fly zone and to take all necessary measures to protect the civilian population. In order to enforce the UN resolution, allied units led by NATO carried out heavy attacks against military installations of the regime from the air and from sea. At the end of August, the units of the National Transitional Council succeeded in taking the capital Tripoli. Gaddhafi was killed on October 20, 2011 while conquering Sirte. To stabilize the country, the United Nations set up a support mission in 2011 (United Nations Support Mission in Libya; UNSMIL), the mandate of which has been extended several times.
- COUNTRYAAH: National flag of Libya. Includes the year when the flag was designed and formally used. Also covers its meaning and downloadable high definition image.
- Official name: Libya
- ISO-3166: LY, LBY (434)
- Internet domain:.ly
- Currency: 1 Libyan dinar (LD.) = 1,000 dirhams
- Area: 1,759,540 km²
- Population (2018): 6.7 million
- Capital: Tripoli
- Official language (s): Arabic
- Form of government: Republic
- Administrative division: 22 districts
- Religion (s) (2010): 96.6% Muslims (Sunnis), Christians, Buddhists, Hindus
- Time zone: Central European Time +1 hour
- National Day: February 17th
Location and infrastructure
- Location (geographical): North Africa
- Position (coordinates): between 20 ° and 33 ° north latitude and 9 ° and 25 ° east longitude
- Climate: desert climate, warm Mediterranean climate on the coast
- Highest mountain: Pic Bette (2285 m)
- Road network (2010): 34,000 km (paved), 3,000 km (unpaved)
- Annual population growth (2018): 1.5%
- Birth rate (2018): 17.2 per 1000 residents.
- Death rate (2018): 3.7 per 1000 residents.
- Average age (2018): 29.4 years
- Average life expectancy (2018): 76.9 years (women 78.7; men 75.1)
- Age structure (2018): 25.5% younger than 15 years, 4.4% older than 65 years
- Literacy rate (15 year olds and older) (2015): 91%
- Mobile phone contracts (pre-paid and post-paid) (2016): 122 per 100 residents
- Internet users (2016): 20 per 100 residents
- GDP per capita (2017): US $ 4,740
- Total GDP (2017): US $ 31 billion
- GNI per capita (2018): US $ 6,330
- Education expenditure (2013): n / a
- Military expenditure (2017): n / a
- Unemployment rate (2017): 17.7%
The constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion as long as this does not contradict the “traditional customs” of the country. State and religion are separate; the influence of the clergy is limited to the religious sphere. With around 97%, Islam is the religion of almost the entire population. Arabs and Arabized Berbers are Sunni Muslims from the Maliki school of law. The majority of the Berbers belong to the Islamic Ibadite community. About a third of the Sunnis feel connected to the Islamic brotherhood of the Senussi.
Within the Christian minority (around 2.7% of the population), the Coptic Orthodox and Catholic Christians form the largest groups. The Greek Orthodox Christians and the few Protestants among the foreigners living in Libya are numerically very small communities. The historical roots of the Jewish community in what is now Libya go back to the 3rd century BC. Back to BC; The turning points in Jewish community history in the 20th century, which subsequently led to the end of the Jewish community in Libya, were the emigration of around 31,000 of the (1948) around 38,000 Libyan Jews between 1948 and 1951 and the emigration of almost all of the remaining Jews Jews after the 3rd Israeli-Arab War (1967; Six Day War).