The TOEFL iBT test is offered in this location.
The list below shows testing regions, fees and dates as of February 15, 2019, but availability may change when you register. Fees are shown in US$ and are subject to change without notice.
|Region||Testing Format||Fee||Test Dates|
|Sat., Mar 09, 2019
Fri., Apr 05, 2019
Sat., May 04, 2019
Sat., Jun 15, 2019
Fri., Jul 12, 2019
|Sat., Feb 16, 2019
Sat., Mar 16, 2019
Fri., Apr 05, 2019
Sat., May 11, 2019
Sat., Jun 01, 2019
Fri., Jul 12, 2019
Haiti, officially French République d’Haïti [repy Republic dai ti], creole Repíblík Dayti, German Republic, Haiti State in the Caribbean Sea with (2018) 11.1 million residents; The capital is Port-au-Prince. Haiti covers the west of the Greater Antilles island of Hispaniola.
- COUNTRYAAH: National flag of Haiti. Includes the year when the flag was designed and formally used. Also covers its meaning and downloadable high definition image.
- Official name: Republic of Haiti
- License plate: RH
- ISO-3166: HT, HTI (332)
- Internet domain:.ht
- Currency: 1 Gourde (Gde.) = 100 Centimes
- Area: 27,750 km²
- Population (2018): 11.1 million
- Capital: Port-au-Prince
- Official language (s): French, Creole
- Form of government: Presidential Republic
- Administrative division: 10 departments
- Head of State: President Jovenel Moïse (assassinated on July 7, 2021)
- Head of Government: Ariel Henry (not sworn in)
- Religion (s) (2003): Christians (55% Catholics; 29% Protestants); 10% non-denominational, 4% other / n / a, 2% followers of traditional African religions (Voodoo)
- Time zone: Central European Time -6 hours
- National holiday: January 1st
Location and infrastructure
- Location (geographical): Caribbean
- Position (coordinates): between 18 ° and 20 ° north latitude and 72 ° and 74 ° 30 ‘west longitude
- Climate: Tropical, alternately humid climate with dry season in winter
- Highest mountain: Pic la Selle (2,680 m)
- Road network (2009): 768 km (paved), 3 498 km (unpaved)
- Annual population growth (2020): 1.3%
- Birth rate (2020): 21.7 per 1000 residents.
- Death rate (2020): 7.4 per 1000 residents.
- Average age (2020): 24.1 years
- Average life expectancy (2020): 65.3 years (men 62.6; women 68)
- Age structure (2020): 31.2% younger than 15 years, 4.3% older than 65 years
- Literacy rate (15 year olds and older) (2016): 61.7%
- Mobile phone contracts (pre-paid and post-paid) (2017): 57 per 100 residents
- Internet users (2017): 12 per 100 residents
- GDP per capita (2018): US $ 857
- Total GDP (2018): US $ 9.525 billion
- GNI per capita (2018): US $ 800
- Education expenditure (2016): 2.4% of GDP
- Military expenditure: n / a
- Unemployment rate (15 years and older) (2017): 14.0%
Road to Haitian Independence
The French Revolution brought about the liberation of slaves; the result was uprisings by blacks and the descendants of the union of blacks and Europeans (mulattos) against the thin white upper class. In 1791 the blacks received a leader in F. D. Toussaint Louverture who – in the service of the French revolutionary government – managed to repel British and Spanish invasions and to unite his compatriots under his command. After his arrest by the Napoleonic General Leclerc, JJ Dessalines took over command. On January 1st, 1804, the commander-in-chief in the port city proclaimed the independence of the colony, which from then on was to bear the name Haiti.
The independent Haiti was first of Dessalines ruled that himself emperor I. Jacques had appointed. After his assassination in 1806, the country split into a republic in the south under President A. A. Pétion (until 1818, then J. P. Boyer ) and a kingdom in the north under President H. Christophe (from 1811 he was King Henri I); Both states reunited in 1820 under the president and dictator Boyer and in 1822 they also won the eastern part of the island, which was again Spanish since 1808 (until the declaration of independence on December 1, 1821). According to Boyers Expulsion (1844) the Dominican Republic made itself independent. Haiti has since remained restricted to the west of the island. 1849–59 it had another emperor (Faustin I, actually F. Soulouque), after which there was largely anarchy.
Haiti in the 20th century
In 1915, the continuing civil wars gave the USA the opportunity to occupy Haiti and to have the “protectorate” transferred to it (treaty of September 16, 1915). Even after the withdrawal of American troops (1934), Haiti remained under American financial control until 1947.
In 1957, F. Duvalier (“Papa Doc”) was elected President, who had great support from the black rural population, among others. by promoting the cult of voodoo. He enforced his dictatorial system of rule (1964 self-appointment as president for life) with the help of paramilitary special forces, the Tontons Macoutes. Through a constitutional amendment, shortly before his death, he appointed his son J.-C. Duvalier (“Baby Doc”) as the new President (1971–86). The reintegration of the former Mulatto leadership elite was accompanied by a slight upturn in parts of the economy (manufacturing, construction). Since the early 1980s, all political activity by oppositional forces (including the Catholic Church) has been increasingly banned. From 1984 there were repeated riots; In 1986, J.-C. Duvalier adopted martial law, which led to the US stopping financial aid. He handed power to a transitional government under General Henry Namphy (* 1932, † 2018) and went into exile in France.
The liberal constitution passed in 1987 was repealed in 1988 and the elected President Leslie Manigat (* 1930, † 2014) was expelled after 6 months in office.