The revised TOEFL Paper-delivered Test is offered in this location.
The list below shows testing regions, fees and dates as of February 15, 2019, but availability may change when you register. Fees are shown in US$ and are subject to change without notice.
|Region||Testing Format||Fee||Test Dates|
|Asmara (Code: B020)||TOEFL Paper Testing||$180
|Sat., Oct 13, 2018
Sat., Nov 10, 2018
Sat., Feb 09, 2019
|Asmara (Code: B021)||TOEFL Paper Testing||$180
|Sat., Nov 10, 2018
Sat., Feb 09, 2019
Eritrea, republic in northeast Africa, on the Red Sea. Eritrea is a dry, very hot coastal lowland, in the interior it is mountainous and partly arable. The population lives mainly from agriculture, in the southeast the nomadic economy predominates.
History: On the coast of Eritrea. In the 18th century, the battle between Arabs, Portuguese, Turks, Egyptians and Ethiopians was fought, after 1881 the Italians established themselves and declared Eritrea an Italian colony in 1890, which after the conquest by British troops in the Second World War in 1952 Ethiopia was amalgamated. A protracted civil war and drought resulted in large numbers of refugees (over 500,000 people), especially in Sudan. In 1993 Eritrea declared its independence. A border war with Ethiopia (since 1998) was ended by a ceasefire agreement in 2000. Human rights violations such as executions, systematic torture and arbitrary arrests have caused hundreds of thousands of Eritreans to flee their homes in recent years.
- COUNTRYAAH: National flag of Eritrea. Includes the year when the flag was designed and formally used. Also covers its meaning and downloadable high definition image.
- Official name: State of Eritrea
- License plate: ER
- ISO-3166: ER, ERI (232)
- Internet domain:.er
- Currency: 1 Nakfa (Nfa) = 100 cents
- Area: 117,600 km²
- Population (2020): 6.1 million
- Capital: Asmara
- Official language (s): Tigrinja, Arabic
- Form of government: Presidential Republic
- Administrative division: 6 regions
- Head of State: President Isayas Afewerki
- Religion (s): Muslims, Christians (Orthodox)
- Time zone: Central European Time +2 hours
- National holiday: May 24th
Location and infrastructure
- Location (geographical): Northeast Africa
- Position (coordinates): between 12 ° 20 ‘and 17 ° 56’ north latitude and 36 ° 27 ‘and 43 ° 18’ east longitude
- Climate: Dry and hot semi-desert climate
- Highest mountain: Soira (3,018 m)
- Road network (2018): 16,000 km
- Railway network (2018): 306 km
- Annual population growth (2020): 0.9%
- Birth rate (2020): 27.9 per 1,000 residents.
- Death rate (2020): 6.9 per 1000 residents.
- Average age (2020): 20.3 years
- Average life expectancy (2020): 66.2 years (men 63.6; women 68.8)
- Age structure (2020): 38.2% younger than 15 years, 4% older than 65 years
- Literacy rate (15-year-olds and older) (2018): 76.6%
- Mobile phone contracts (pre-paid and post-paid) (2017): 20 per 100 residents
- Internet users (2017): 1 per 100 residents
- GDP per capita (2019): US $ 343
- Total GDP (2019): $ 2.110 billion
- GNI per capita: n / a
- Education expenditure (2006): 2.1% of GDP
- Military expenditure: n / a
- Unemployment rate (15 years and older) (2019): 5.1%
Eritrea is located in the tropics and has a tropical climate in the lowlands and a Mediterranean climate in the highlands (e.g. in the capital Asmara) with temperatures below 20 ° C. In the low-precipitation, hot and humid coastal plain, Massaua is one of the hottest places on earth (maximum temperature 46 ° C in August; annual mean 30 ° C), the little rainfall here occurs in winter; From March to July there is an occasional hot wind from the Arabian Peninsula. The remaining areas have two rainy seasons (June – September; March – May). The highlands usually receive sufficient rainfall.
On the coast of Eritrea, which in the 10th – 19th centuries It was dominated by Arabs, Turks and Egyptians as well as Ethiopians in the 19th century, but the Italians established themselves in 1882 and declared Eritrea a colony in 1890. During this time, the highlands were predominantly under Ethiopian influence. Italy expanded further into Ethiopia from 1895–96, but suffered the historic defeat of Adua on March 1, 1896 and since then has limited itself to the economic expansion of Eritrea. The settler movement from Italy that began in the 1930s triggered a significant boom in the Eritrean economy. As a result of the Italian occupation and annexation of Ethiopia in 1936, Northern Ethiopia (Tigray) was incorporated into Eritrea. After the surrender of Italian East Africa in World War II, Eritrea came under British administration in 1941. Two political camps formed: Supporters of a union with Ethiopia and an “independence bloc”; The latter achieved a narrow majority in polls in 1947. Nevertheless, the General Assembly of the United Nations decided in 1950 to place Eritrea under the sovereignty of the Ethiopian emperor as an “autonomous unit in federation with Ethiopia”. This statute came into force in 1952; Eritrea was given its own flag, government, democratic constitution and parliament (elections 1952, 1956, 1960). Only foreign policy, foreign trade and defense fell within the competence of the Federation Council, which had equal representation, but which remained inactive. As a result, the Ethiopian government itself increasingly took over the government; the Ethiopian emperor used his sovereignty to gradually smash the democratic institutions and parties of Eritrea.