Thailand Travel Facts

By | June 6, 2022

Thailand is located in Southeast Asia, bordering Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia and Malaysia. The country is considered a dream travel destination for many. Southeast Asian Thailand is known for beautiful tropical beaches, ancient ruins, opulent royal palaces and ornate temples.

Capital City Bangkok
Size 513.115 km²
Resident 69.600.000
Official Language Thai
Currency Baht
Time Zone UTC+7
Telephone Area Code +66

Source: Destination Explorer

Fast facts to know

  • In Thailand, people greet each other with a small bow.
  • Thais like to haggle.
  • Clothing should cover shoulders and knees – even for men.
  • Jokes or derogatory remarks about the King and the monarchy of Thailand are prohibited under penalty.
  • The national anthem of Thailand is played twice a day.
  • Touching the head is prohibited – especially for children. The head is considered the most sacred part of the body.
  • Thais like to take selfies.
  • Thailand’s main source of income is tourism.
  • Bangkok is one of the most visited cities in the world.
  • 95% of the population believe in Buddhism.
  • Thailand is also a good place to visit during the rainy season.
  • Each day of the week has a specific color.
  • Bangkok is the warmest city in the world.
  • Thailand has more than 500 islands.
  • English is understood almost everywhere.
  • The voltage in Thailand is 220 volts.
  • There is free internet almost everywhere.
  • Taxi drivers in Bangkok are rather unreliable and like to take detours.
  • Tuk tuk rides are a classic tourist trap.
  • There are long prison sentences for importing and exporting drugs.
  • The south of Thailand is considered a malaria risk zone.
  • Thailand is experiencing increasing crime.
  • Safety instructions :
    • Travel to Narathiwat, Yala and Pattani provinces and parts of Songkhla in southern Thailand is strongly discouraged.
    • Be aware of the strict lèse-majesté law in Thailand.
    • Avoid demonstrations and large crowds of people.
    • The police, in particular, are accused of human rights violations, abusing prison inmates or torturing or disappearing detainees, especially in the conflict in southern Thailand.
    • Prostitution and human trafficking are big problems in Thailand.
    • Corruption is part of everyday life in Thailand.

Exciting cities in Thailand

  • Bangkok
  • Krabi
  • Chiang Mai
  • Ayutthaya
  • Mae Hongson
  • Sukhothai
  • Khao Lak
  • Chanthaburi

History of Thailand

  • The first empires in what is now Thailand were established by the Mon peoples.
  • 11th century: the Thai immigrate to today’s Thailand.
  • 16th century: the first Europeans to visit Ayutthaya are the Portuguese, who conquered Malacca in 1511.
  • Until the 19th century Thailand was not a national state, but many local principalities.
  • Modernization and development into a nation state under Chulalongkorn (Rama V.).
  • Chulalongkorn introduces numerous western achievements, slavery is abolished, the infrastructure is expanded.
  • Between the World Wars: Transition to Constitutional Monarchy.
  • 1940-41 War with France ends with Thai gains in French colonies of Laos and Cambodia.
  • World War II: forced alliance with Japan.
  • Post-war period: Democracy, various military governments and “semi-democracy” alternate.
  • 2000s: Domestic political disputes shook society repeatedly, in southern Thailand there are violent clashes between separatist Muslim Malays and the central power.

Climate & travel weather in Thailand

  • In the north there is a tropical savanna climate with alternating humidity and three seasons:
    • Nov-Feb: dry season.
    • March to May: Thai summer.
    • June-October: rainy season.
  • South and Southeast:
    • Tropical monsoon climate (rainfall all year round, less temperature fluctuations, short dry season)
  • Border with Malaysia:
    • Ever humid tropical rainforest climate
    • Year-round high temperatures and precipitation
  • Recommended travel time:
    • November to March

Ideas for trips in Thailand

  • White Temple Wat Rong Khun.
  • Temple ruins at Sukhothai.
  • Death Railway & Bridge on the River Kwai near Kanchanaburi.
  • Big Buddha in Phuket.
  • Emerald Pool and Tiger Cave Temples outside of Krabi Town.
  • Snorkeling & Diving on Koh Lipe.
  • Temple Facility Wat Phra Kaeo.
  • Rooftop Bar im Lebua State Tower.
  • Affenstadt Lopburi.
  • Aussichtspunkt Golden Triangle Viewpoint.
  • Amphawa Floating Market.
  • Mae Klong Railway Market.
  • Phanom Rung temple complex.
  • Sanctuary of Truth, Pattaya.
  • Visit one of the many festivals:
    • Chinese New Year (February).
    • Blumenfestival in Chiang Mai (Februar).
    • International Kite Festival (March).
    • Songkran: the Thai New Year festival (in April).
    • Lopburi Monkey Festival (November).
    • Krathong Law: world famous Lantern Festival (November).

Food & Drink in Thailand

  • Parallels to Chinese cuisine, but also strong Indian and Indonesian influences.
  • Countless food stalls can be found in markets and on streets.
  • In terms of hygiene, “food stores” in department stores and shopping centers are more recommended.
  • Usually one is with fork (left) and spoon (right).
  • In Thailand, all dishes are eaten at the same time, with the exception of dessert.
  • Coconut milk is often used.
  • Curry pastes ensure a good sharpness.
  • Commonly processed meats: chicken and pork.
  • Also often found on the plate: fish.
  • Pan-fried, vitamin-rich wok dishes with crunchy vegetables and lots of spices are typical of the country.
  • Instead of pepper and salt, it is seasoned with fish sauce, ginger or chili flakes.
  • Also popular: Lime, Thai basil.
  • Main side dish: rice and noodles.
  • Soups are very popular. Thai soups are based on stock or coconut milk.
  • Spring rolls and wontons are typical snacks.
  • You can get delicious fruit almost anywhere.
  • Fruit is usually eaten as a dessert in Thailand.
  • Be careful with tap water, only buy sealed containers.
  • Course soft drinks are available almost everywhere.
  • Beer is a popular drink (e.g. Chang and Singha), other alcoholic beverages are of secondary importance.
  • Thai whiskey Sang Som quite popular.
  • Typical dishes:
    • Pad Thai (fried rice noodles with vegetables).
    • Kao Pad (Fried Rice).
    • Laab Moo (Minced Pork Salad).
    • Khao Soi (spicy soup mostly with chicken & coconut milk).
    • Le Lap Mou (minced meat with aromatic herbs served with rice).
    • Kaeng Phed (Red Curry with Chicken or Pork).
    • Tom Young Pbla (Fish Soup).
    • Thai Curry (Gaeng).
    • Massaman Curry.
    • Som Tam (Papaya Salat).
    • Satee Soieße (chicken on a skewer with peanut sauce dip).
    • Yam Talay (seafood salad).
    • Mango Sticky Rice (dessert).

Particularly scenic

  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Doi Suthep National Park
  • National Park Mu Ko Ang Thong
  • Doi Inthanon National Park
  • Erawan National Park & ​​Erawan Waterfall
  • Huay Mae Khamin Wasserfall
  • Felsnadel bei Phang Nga Bay
  • Berg Doi Inthanon
  • Grand Canyon Chiang Mai
  • The most beautiful islands:
    • Ko Phi Phi
    • Phuket
    • Ko Phangan
    • Ko Samui
    • Ko Lanta
    • Similan Islands
  • Known beaches:
    • Railay Beach
    • Strand Maya Bay

Thailand Travel Facts