Tag Archives: Study in Ukraine

Ukraine is a republic in Eastern Europe with the three million metropolis of Kiev as its capital. The second largest country in Europe is characterized by a fertile steppe in the south and swamps and forests in the north. The climate is continental. In terms of language, Ukrainian predominates in the west and the center, and Russian in the east and south. The name Ukraine means “borderland”. Western (Latin) and Eastern (Greek, Russian) cultural influences have crossed there since ancient times. From the end of the 9th to the beginning of the 12th century, Kiev was the center of the Eastern Slavic Russian Empire. Later it was mostly Poland and Russia that ruled. In 1922 Ukraine became a Soviet republic. Only with the collapse of the Soviet Union In 1991 it achieved permanent state independence with a presidential-parliamentary system of government (parliamentarism, presidential system). State unity has been threatened since 2014 by separatists in the east and the illegal annexation of the Crimean peninsula by Russia. In terms of foreign policy, Ukraine is now clearly orienting itself towards the West. The formerly strong mining and heavy industry, which was mainly located in the east and south, largely came to a standstill. In contrast, the IT industry is booming. Other important economic sectors are the chemical industry, aerospace and defense technology, and agriculture. According to COUNTRYAAH, Ukraine is a nation in Eastern Europe, the capital city of which is Kiev. The latest population of Ukraine is 43,733,773. MYSTERYAROUND: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Ukraine, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.
Geography
Ukraine is the largest country in Europe after Russia. More than 90% belong to the Eastern European lowlands, which in the south meet the Black Sea with the Crimean peninsula and the Sea of ​​Azov. Extensive land ridges (slabs) rise to the west, 200–400 m high. The low mountain range of the Forest Carpathians extends in the far west (up to 2061 m; Carpathian Mountains). Deep valleys cut the ridges and ridges east of the Dnieper bend.

Ukraine is rich in rivers. The Dnieper (Ukrainian Dnipro), which has been dammed up several times for irrigation and electricity generation, is the most powerful river. Other major rivers are the Dniester, the Southern Bug and the Donets. In the very south-west, about 10% of the Danube Delta is on Ukrainian territory. There are extensive swamps in the catchment area of ​​the Pripyat (Polesia). The Black Sea coast is divided by numerous lagoons called limanes. The mixed forest zone in the north is interspersed with moors. To the south follow the forest steppe zone and steppe zone. Their natural vegetation has largely disappeared due to arable farming. The 1986 Chernobyl reactor disaster radioactively contaminated a large area.

The Ukraine has a continental climate, which is mostly warm-temperate, in the Crimea it is subtropical. From northwest to southeast, rainfall decreases and summers become warmer. Conversely, winter becomes more severe from the west and south to the north and east.

History of Ukraine

Modern Ukraine as an independent state appeared on the political map of Europe in the year of 1991. According to historyaah, the formation of the state territory was a long and complex historical process. The most ancient state formation on the lands of present-day Ukraine was the Scythian state (7-3 centuries BC). The first state… Read More »

Ukraine Transport and Communications

The development of communication routes and means of transport is certainly still insufficient: even in this case it is not, of course, a problem restricted to Ukraine alone. It is a fact that affects the whole of the USSR Ukraine, for mainly geographical reasons, is actually better favored than the other regions of the USSR… Read More »

Ukraine Society and Economy

Population, society and rights Among the countries of the former Soviet Union, Ukraine is the second most populous state after Russia. However, compared to 51.5 million in 1990, the population today consists of just over 45 million residents, a demographic reduction due to the worsening of economic and social conditions and therefore to massive emigration.… Read More »

Ukraine Prehistory and Early History

PREHISTORY The Middle Paleolithic, identified in sites of the Crimea, is characterized by lithic industries comparable to those of the Mousterian of Western Europe. For the most ancient period of the Ukraine, the open-air site Moldova I (Moldova) has 9 living levels, of which 5 are Mousterian, and remains of mammoth bones dated to 44,000… Read More »

Ukraine Population and Economy in the 1990’s

Population The Ukraine, Due to aging of the population (the mortality rate is over 15 ‰, compared with a birth to ‘ 11, 2 ‰), have recently shown a slight population decline and residents, which in the census of 1995 were equal to 51. 700. 000, in 1998, according to official estimates, had fallen to… Read More »

Ukraine Population and Cities

The Ukrainian population includes, in addition to the Ukrainians, 2,800.o00 Great Russians, 1,500,000 Jews, 500,000 Poles, 400,000 Germans, 250,000 Moldavians, 100,000 Greeks, as well as White Russians, Bulgarians, Tatars, Persians, Gypsies, Latvians, Lithuanians, etc. . Already called Little Russians in Russia, the Ukrainians were called Ruthenians in the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. They, like the Great Russians,… Read More »

Ukraine Modern History

The Ukrainian people have a total of over forty million residents; this figure however fluctuates considerably, given that the great majority of Ukrainians, living within the territory of the former Russian empire, were not in the relatively recent past recognized as a separate nationality, but only as a “little Russian” branch of the Russian people… Read More »

Ukraine Literature and Cinema

Literature. – Ukrainian literature of the last decade reflects the profound changes experienced by the country. Between 2004, the year of the ‘orange revolution’, and the present moment, from the ‘revolution of dignity’ in 2013-14 to the subsequent war scenarios, the geopolitical upheaval has revived the identity issue of a nation traditionally divided between the… Read More »

Ukraine Literature

From the origins to the Ukrainian Baroque The origins of Ukrainian literature historically correspond to the period of the Kiev principality (988-1240). At this stage it is not possible to distinguish between the literatures that would later be defined as Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian; for this reason the rich patrimony of Kievian Rus´, from religious… Read More »

Ukraine Literature Between the 1960’s and 1990’s

The thirty years 1960-90 is one of the most creative and fruitful periods of Ukrainian literature, and marks a definitive break with the forms of socialist realism imposed by the Soviet regime. Having embarked on an autonomous path with determination and awareness finally free from suffocating ideological shackles, literature unreservedly tackles a wide range of… Read More »

Ukraine Language

Ukrainian (for the relationship with the Ruthenian term, see Ruthenians ; a third term, which has fallen into disuse, is piccolorusso, so called in opposition to granderusso, now used only to indicate the set of dialects on which the Russian literary language rests) is spoken in a territory whose northern and eastern border is a… Read More »

Ukraine in the 1950’s

The territory of the Soviet Federative Republic of the Ukraine (USSR), after the annexation (1945) of the Ukraine western, northern Bukovina, part of Bessarabia and Ukraine Transcarpatica, was further enlarged in 1954 with the annexation of Crimea, which was part of the Russian RFSS, and reached an area of ​​601,000 km 2 in which 45… Read More »

Ukraine in 1991

Formerly a federated republic within the USSR, since 24 August 1991 it constitutes an independent republic adhering to the Commonwealth of Independent States, in whose foundation it took part on 21 December 1991, together with ten other republics of the former USSR. It includes Crimea, which was part of the Russian Federation until 1954, and… Read More »

Ukraine History in the 1990’s

Among the reasons that prevented the achievement of the ambitious objectives that L. Kučma had assigned himself in the field of economic policy and that provoked, in the summer-autumn of 1998, a financial crisis that immediately appeared difficult to solve, a particular role must be assigned to the political instability that since 1992characterized the country… Read More »

Ukraine History Between 1991 and 1994

In the course of the complex process that led to the dissolution of the USSR, the Ukraine was born as an independent state when its president L. Kravciuk signed in Minsk on December 8, 1991, together with the Russian president B. El’zin and the Belarusian president S. Shuskevič, a declaration acknowledging that ” the Soviet… Read More »

Ukraine History After 1991

More than twenty years after its independence, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Ukraine experienced a political instability that worsened considerably between 2013 and 2014, risking to lead to a civil war. Since its birth as an independent state, the country had shown a serious internal conflict, deriving from the cultural division between… Read More »

Ukraine History – The Independent Ukrainian Republic

Already towards the end of the 1980s, in the general context of the fall of the communist regimes, a nationalist trend re-emerged in the Ukraine, the scene of the very serious nuclear accident in Chernobyl´ in 1986, which was also adopted by a part of the communist leadership. The Ukraine proclaimed independence from the Soviet… Read More »

Ukraine Geopolitics

Ukraine, independent since 1991, has constantly suffered from the legacy of the Soviet period which conditioned its relations both with Russia and the other countries that emerged from the Soviet dissolution, as well as with the Euro-Atlantic interlocutors. Almost all of the territory of Ukraine has belonged for centuries before the Russian Empire, then the… Read More »

Ukraine Geography, Population and Language

Ukraine Eastern European state, bordered to the North and E with Russia, again to the North with Belarus, to the South with Romania and Moldavia, to the SW with Hungary, to the West with Slovakia and Poland ; it also overlooks the Black Sea for a large stretch. Physical characteristics Most of the territory consists… Read More »

Ukraine Geography

Federated Republic of the Soviet Union, more precisely known as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, or USSR. Ukraine measures 443,080 sq. Km., including 8419 sq. Km. which constitute the surface of the autonomous republic of Moldova. Ukraine occupies the entire south-western part of the USSR and borders to the north with White Russia and the… Read More »

Ukraine Encyclopedia for Children

Ukraine On the edge of greater Russia Among the new states that arose from the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Ukraine is one of those with the greatest potential, due to the richness of natural products and the diffusion of industries and infrastructures. But he is also among those who have suffered most from the… Read More »

Ukraine Economic Sectors

The primary factor in the economic life of Ukraine is agriculture, which, like in every other part of the USSR, occupies about four fifths of the population. The excellent conditions of the soil, occupied on very vast expanses by the è ernozem, allow a large and easy cultivation of cereals and beets. Above all, the… Read More »

Ukraine Economic Conditions in the 2000’s

The Ukrainian economy presents the typical characteristics of the transition from a planned socialist system to a free market one, open to international trade and investment. The program of economic liberalization and financial austerity promoted since 1994 by President L. Kučma, with the support of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, as well… Read More »

Ukraine During and After World War II

Following the agreements of the Yalta Conference, for which Poland ceded a large area of ​​its eastern part to the Soviet Union, the entire former Polish section of Volhynia and Podolia and eastern Galicia were aggregated to Ukraine (Voivodeships of Volhynia, Tarnopol and Stanisławów and the eastern part of Lviv). With the end of the… Read More »

Ukraine Demography and Economic Geography 2001

Eastern European state. At the 2001 census the country hosted 48,457,100 residents, 67% of which were urban residents. In 2014 the population decreased further, recording – according to the State statistics service of Ukraine – 45.426.200 residents and an even lower figure (44,941,303 residents) according to an estimate by UNDESA (United Nations Department of Economic… Read More »

Ukraine Demographics and History 2001

HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY The population which was 48,457,102 residents at the 2001 census it is decreasing due to the negative natural and migratory balance (respectively – 5.6 ‰ and – 0.4 ‰ in 2006). The 77.8 % of the population is made up of the Ukrainian and 17.3 % Russian; small minorities of Belarusians,… Read More »

Ukraine Defense and Security

Since 1992, conventional Ukrainian forces have been reduced exponentially, from more than 600,000 to less than 130,000 troops. Nonetheless, the Ukrainian army is the largest of the European non-member countries of the N ato. Military spending now stands at 3.15% of GDP, recording a slight decline compared to the second half of the 1990s. Ukraine… Read More »

Ukraine Climate

The climate of Ukraine is highly variable. Winter is quite harsh, so that the streams freeze from mid-December to mid-March. Spring starts very late and is short. Summer, on the other hand, is hot, not to mention very hot, especially towards the south-east. The strong heats, with absolute maximums even higher than 35 °, continue… Read More »

Ukraine Arts and Architecture

From the Middle Ages to the 19th century The handicraft production of the nomads of the steppes and some gold and silver objects of Greek and Hellenistic origin are the most notable artistic manifestations of the Ukraine during the first centuries AD Art in the principalities of Kiev and Černigov in the 10th century. 11th-12th… Read More »