Tag Archives: Study in Syria

Syria is the Arab country that more than any other has preserved the traces of the pre-Islamic world. In fact, it has known all the cultural experiences that preceded the spread of Arab culture: from those of the various Semitic civilizations, centered in Mesopotamia (the current name refers to the Assyrian civilization, with a link of three millennia), to the successive cultures introduced by the Mediterranean civilizations: Phoenician, Greek, Roman. Subject to a long period of foreign domination, first under the Turks and then under the French mandate, Syria experienced a general decline whose signs were impressed in a marked way in the history of the country. Nonetheless, the Syrian people have never lost the awareness of their past, their value and their cultural wealth, admirably exemplified by the remains of their historic cities, such as Damascus, Palmyra and Aleppo. or from the fortresses built by the Crusaders such as Crac des Chevaliers. The country, socially encouraged by a lively and enterprising bourgeoisie, emancipated thanks to mercantile experiences and emigration, sensitive to the traditional values ​​of the Arab world, but at the same time open to the call of progress, has actively participated in recent decades in the movements Arabs that arose in an attempt to make the Syrian state the leading power in the Middle East area. Consequently, Syria appears to be a country deeply involved in the intricate webs of political, economic and religious relations in the region, committed to acting as a needle of the balance in the complex game of balances of the entire Middle East area. According to COUNTRYAAH, Syria is a nation in Western Asia, the capital city of which is Damascus. The latest population of Syria is 17,500,669. ACEINLAND: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Syria, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.
CLIMATE
The country is largely arid. Only the strip close to the sea enjoys a Mediterranean climate, with consistent winter rainfall (860 mm per year in Latakia), mild temperatures (in the same locality there are 11 ºC in January and 26 ºC in July). Gradually inland these values ​​change, the climate becomes more continental, arid and ungrateful. In Damascus, located at the foot of the Anti-Lebanon, in a place already quite excluded from Mediterranean influences, no more than 200 mm of rain fall per year and the temperatures in January and July go from 6-7 ºC to 27 ºC. Proceeding towards the E, you enter a desert environment, with very little rainfall (less than 100 mm per year) and strong temperature variations which, despite the high summer temperature, keep the annual average at 18-20 ºC.

Climate and Weather of Latakia, Syria

The climate of Latakia According to shopareview, Latakia is a large port city in western Syria on the Mediterranean Sea. Latakia is an old city, 2000 years BC this place was already inhabited. But in the fourth century BC the city is as it is today founded by the Seleucids. Latakia has been conquered and… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Homs, Syria

The climate of Homs According to citypopulationreview, Homs is located in western Syria on the Orontes River, not far from the border with Lebanon. Homs is located in the province of the same name, of which it is also the capital. Just outside the city is Lake Qattinah, better known as Lake Homs. Created by… Read More »

Syria Culture of Business

Subchapters: Introduction Addressing Business Meeting Communication Recommendations Public Holidays Introduction The cultural and therefore the business environment in Syria is understandably very specific, shaped by completely different cultural patterns and historical experiences. Although many Syrian businessmen operate in a very modern, “Western” style, even with, for example, long-term business experience and stays in Europe and… Read More »

Syria Basic Information

Basic information about the territory Subchapters: System of governance and political tendencies in the country Foreign policy of the country Population The system of governance and political tendencies in the country Official name of the state: Syrian Arab Republic System of Government and Political Tendencies: The Syrian Arab Republic is declaratively a republic with a… Read More »

Syriac Literature

It is the complex of literary works in the Syriac language written by the Christians of Mesopotamia, the Syria and the Persian Empire. It shares the characteristic qualities of the literatures of the Christian East and is therefore essentially religious; extends from the 2nd to the 14th century. (after the 14th century we speak of… Read More »

Syria Population and Economic Conditions

Population The dominant ethnic and cultural group is the Arab one (86.2%); among the minorities, the most numerous stock is that of the Kurds (7.3%), settled in the north-eastern area of ​​the country, followed by the Armenians (2.7%), settled mainly in the cities. The annual growth rate of the population is high (2.1% in 2009),… Read More »

Syria Population and Archeology

Population The Syria was populated at the census of September 1970 by 6,304,685 residents, with an average density of 34 residents / km 2, and with over a million more people than in 1960 (see table). Even more incisive, however, is the increase that took place in the years 1970-77, which brought the population to… Read More »

Syria Modern Literature

There is no doubt that not only the influences of Lebanese and Palestinian literature have had great weight on the development of Syrian literature, but also and above all the historical conditions that determined them. However, in the vast Arab literary panorama, Syria has managed to find its own original expression. Poetry, the quintessential Arab… Read More »

Syria Literature and Cinema

Literature For decades, Syrian literature has bowed to censorship and repression by the regime. The events of 2011 shaped a new cultural identity in the country and what many authors, such as the Syrian-American Mohja Kahf (b. 1967), called the “silence of Syrian literature”, now seems to be broken. Key date 27 September 2000 when… Read More »

Syria Lexicon of the 21st Century

Yesria. – The Syrian revolt, which began in March 2011 in the wake of the victorious revolutions in Tunisia (January) and Egypt (February), underwent a progressive militarization in the following months. Censored and harshly repressed since its first steps, the protest has never known the peaceful and impressive popular participation of the Tunisian and Egyptian… Read More »

Syria in the 21st Century

In 2000, with the death of Ḥāfiẓ al-Asad, his second son Baššār became the new president of Syria. The successor was supposed to be Baššār’s older brother, Bāsil, but Bāsil had died prematurely in a car accident in 1994. At the time of his father’s death, Baššār al-Asad was only 34 years old and according… Read More »

Syria in the 1980’s

Quickly orienting itself in favor of the Iranian Islamic revolution, the Syria, despite the visit of Ṣaddām Ḥusayn to Damascus at the beginning of 1979, distanced itself more and more clearly from the Irāq, also because of the conflict that was looming between Baghdād and Teherān, and undertook to define a sort of radical understanding… Read More »

Syria in the 1970’s

The union of Syria and Egypt dissolved in September 1961, its history in the following fifteen years is within the story of the al-Ba’th Party (founded in the 1940s by the Christian Syrian M. ‛Aflaq, with an Arab nationalist orientation and progressive reform program). In March 1963, with a military coup, the Ba‛ith came to… Read More »

Syria in the 1940’s and 1950’s

In continuing to be tormented by a chronic crisis, characterized by coups d’état and abrupt changes in domestic and foreign politics, the Syria presents itself in the last decade with a particularly agitated political landscape. Following the first general elections (July 1947) the “national bloc” had the majority, whose leader Shukri el-Kuwatli, former head of… Read More »

Syria History – From the Origins to Hellenistic Period

From the origins to the Persian age During the 3rd millennium BC there are the beginnings of a properly Syrian culture with autonomous characters, both in the Giazira (Tell Khuwēra), already since then perhaps with a predominantly Khurritic population, and in the northern Syria (Tell Mardīkh), with a majority population cananaica. From the discovery of… Read More »

Syria History – From Roman Age to French Mandate

From the Roman age to the Arabization The Roman province of Syria (62 BC) included, besides the Syria, part of Cilicia. The province had an essentially military function as a border area, and of attrition, towards the Parthian kingdom, fighting against which Crassus (53), governor of the province, died. The Augustan province of Syria, also… Read More »

Syria Encyclopedia Online

Syria State of southwestern Asia. The territory overlooks the Mediterranean with a coastal stretch of 160 km and extends inland towards the E and towards the S for more than 600 km; it borders Turkey to the N, Iraq to the E, Jordan to the S; to the SW, at the eastern coast of the… Read More »

Syria Dictionary of History Part II

Mamluk and Ottoman periods. Fearing European attacks from the sea, the Mamluks systematically destroyed the ports of the Syrian coast, frequently replacing the governors sent from Egypt, to prevent the formation of local powers. The political instability that ensued allowed the prolonged revolt (1293-1305) of the Shiite, Druze and Imamite community and, later, favored the… Read More »

Syria Dictionary of History Part I

Syria is a term that in modern usage, relating to pre-classical history, can have two meanings: a broad one that includes Palestine, and a restricted one to the territory of the current Republic of Syria (with the addition of Lebanon and Hatai, which are historically part of it). In the 3rd millennium BC (ancient bronze)… Read More »

Syria Demography and Economic Geography 2015

Syria is a state of Southwest Asia. Since 2011, the country has been devastated by the civil war and any analysis of the social, economic and geographical situation of Syria is extremely difficult, also in consideration of the fact that the control of the territory is fragmented among several actors fighting each other. A unitary… Read More »

Syria Contemporary Arabic Literature

A balance sheet of contemporary Arabic literature, broken down by country, cannot fail to group Syrian and Lebanese authors together, having formed Syria and Lebanon, before their political division, a literary unity: so much so that the so-called “Syrian-American school” of The beginning of the century was largely composed of Lebanese writers. Lebanese are still… Read More »

Syria Cinematography

Syrian cinema was born at the same time as the Egyptian one (the most important in the Arab world), but its development was much slower and more limited; the limited technical, professional and financial resources have also led him to sometimes make use of foreign directors, actors and producers, while the most creative authors have… Read More »

Syria Arts and Architecture

The Syria and the neighboring regions, Palestine and Mesopotamia, greatly influenced the formation of Christian art starting from the 4th century. both in the field of architecture and in that of iconography. Despite the architectural models created by Constantine and his successors, spread all over the world, in Syria there is an accentuated difference between… Read More »

Syria Archeology Part II

New lights on the Hurrito-Mitannic civilization will undoubtedly come from the Swiss excavations (M. Wäfler) at Tell Ḥamidiyya: the site, which is located in the H̱ābūr region along the course of the tributary Ǧaġǧaġ, was located right in the central area of ​​the Mitanni kingdom and perhaps it hides the remains of the capital, Ta’idu.… Read More »

Syria Archeology Part I

The recovery at Tell Mardīkh-Ebla (v. App. IV, iii, p. 607), by the Italian Archaeological Mission in the years 1975-77, of a large quantity of cuneiform documents (about 2000 whole tablets and 15,000 large fragments, and inscribed scales for over 17,000 inventory numbers), found in the Palazzo real area G (about 2350-2300 BC), has in… Read More »

Syria Archeology in the first Half of 20th Century

The Syria in its current political extension includes territories that have had different historical events and whose culture depended on distinct areas of influence, which in some periods also overlapped or merged. Therefore, if we want to trace the picture of archaeological research, it is possible to do so from several points of view. The… Read More »

Syria Archeology and Ancient Arts Part II

Near Tainat an English expedition led by Sir Leonard Woolley began in 1936 and resumed excavations in 1946 at Atchana, ancient Alalakh. Already since now the intersection of the civilizations of the West and the East is revealed there – starting from the moment when, around 2000 BC. C., the Mesopotamian civilization is entering a… Read More »

Syria Archeology and Ancient Arts Part I

Archaeological exploration developed with a feverish pace throughout the territory of Syria until the beginning of the Second World War, devoting itself both to shedding light on the still obscure problems of the prehistoric period, and to exploring new centers of the Greek and Roman age.. As for the most ancient civilizations, various excavations have… Read More »

Medieval Arts of Syria and Lebanon Part IV

The small building was simple, but it already showed the essential architectural scheme of the later madrasas, with the four īwān and a courtyard that appears to have been covered by a wooden roof. Among the most beautiful examples of the architecture of this troubled era are the hospital of Nūr al-Dīn in Damascus, from… Read More »

Medieval Arts of Syria and Lebanon Part III

The only elements absent in the mosaics of the Great Mosque of Damascus are the peculiar symbols of Christianity – the cross, the throne, birds, fish – and figures of saints. The decoration of the earliest Umayyad monuments, the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, the Great Mosque of Damascus and the small prayer hall… Read More »