Tag Archives: Study in Republic of the Congo

Independent since 1960, the country of Republic of the Congo is a presidential republic. In 2002 a new Constitution was approved; it replaces the first multi-party Constitution of 1992, which had sanctioned the democratic turnaround of the country and the change of the name from the People’s Republic of Congo to the Republic of Congo. It provides for the direct election of the president, with a term of 7 years; a bicameral Parliament composed of the National Assembly, whose members are elected for a five-year term, and the Senate. The judicial system is based on French law and local customs. The Supreme Court and the Court of Appeal, based in the capital, constitute the top of the system, under which there are the Tribunaux d’istance, which operate in the regions. The death penalty has been in force, but there have been no executions since 1982. Together with the armed forces, divided into three traditional weapons, two paramilitary forces are working to defend the country: the gendarmerie and the people’s militia. Military service is carried out on a voluntary basis, has a duration of 2 years and is open to both women and men. Education is compulsory and free from 6 to 16 years of age. Primary education lasts 6 years, secondary education 7. The particular emphasis given to teaching over the years meant that the percentage of illiterate adults in 2005 was 14.2%, one of the lowest in Africa. In 1971 the Marien Ngouabi University was founded in Brazzaville. According to COUNTRYAAH, Republic of the Congo is a nation in Central Africa, the capital city of which is Brazzaville. The latest population of Republic of the Congo is 5,240,011. REMZFAMILY: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Republic of Congo, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.
GEOGRAPHY
The territory, morphologically not very unitary, extends in an arc from the right bank of the Congo River and the Oubangui to the eastern highlands of Gabon, facing the Atlantic for a short distance and pushing N up to the first reliefs of the Central African ridge. Structurally, the country rests on a base of partly outcropping archaeozoic rocks, even if strongly peneplanate, and partly covered by sedimentations from various eras, from the Mesozoic onwards. The short coast – generally low and sandy, bordered by a narrow alluvial plain – rises to the S, where the buttresses of the internal plateaus reach the sea. These occupy more than half of the Congolese territory, remaining at an average height of 300-400 m; however, they are dominated by intrusive granite massifs, up to 900 m high, which sometimes form real ridges like that of Mayombe, which is the mining area par excellence of the country. The north-eastern section, on the other hand, has low sedimentary reliefs from the Cenozoic era, gradually sloping down towards the Congolese depression, which to a large extent appears to be covered by neozoic alluvial soils. § Southwestern Republic of Congo is drained by some water courses, generally short, which flow into the Atlantic; the most important is the Kouilou, which represents a good way of communication from the coast to the interior. The rest of the country sends its waters to the Congo River, both directly (Sangha, Likouala, Alima rivers, etc.), and through the Oubangui tributary. In fact, Oubangui and Congo only partially affect the territory of the Republic of Congo, as they form its eastern border. The Congo River, which flows along the border for approx. 750 km, before passing the coastal ridge with rapids and waterfalls, it widens into a kind of very large lake basin, Pool Malebo, which is overlooked by both the capital of the Republic of Congo and that of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The country’s climate is equatorial, uniformly hot and humid (in Brazzaville the average winter temperature is 21 ºC, the summer one is 26 ºC), but on the coast it is mitigated by the cold Benguela current., while inside, as you proceed towards the N, the distinction between the wet and dry seasons becomes more marked. Precipitation is basically regulated according to two seasons, a drier one when the sun is N of the equator and a rainy one when the sun is S; the rains, which occur mainly from January to May, are torrential and sudden. Overall, it rains much more in the central-western regions (over 2000 mm per year), while in the Brazzaville area rainfall remains around an annual average of about 1300-1400 mm.