Tag Archives: Study in Peru

The state of Peru corresponds territorially to the central section of the Andean belt, a region that was the matrix of the Inca civilization, of which the current state, although Hispanized, is in its own way the heir. On the Andean highlands, Peru takes on its most peculiar characteristics, but the country also includes the coastal strip and a section of the Amazonian lowlands, covering a very large area that makes it one of the largest political units in Latin America. The current borders correspond only roughly to those established in 1824, when the Spanish rule actually ended; they have in fact undergone numerous corrections. The considerable extension of the country does not correspond to a very high population and this is because the uninhabitable lands are vast, occupied by deserts, mountains and dense forests. Peru is perhaps the South American country that best expresses opportunities and contradictions, historical values ​​and physical contrasts, cultural continuity and political instability. A complex mixture that projects it into the future due to its economic potential but which, at the same time, anchors it to the past due to the strong presence of traditional life models. The signs of the ancient Inca past, witnessed by the remains of cities such as Machu Picchu, coexist with those of the recent past, characterized by forms of neocolonial exploitation based on a centralized political-economic model. According to COUNTRYAAH, Peru is a nation in South America, the capital city of which is Lima. The latest population of Peru is 32,971,865. TRANSPORTHINT: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Peru, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.
From a climatic point of view, Peru presents very strong contrasts. The Andean region has its own characteristic climate and at the same time, with its mountain bulwark, determines a clear differentiation between the eastern part of the country (the East) and the western coastal part (the Coast). This has a typically desert climate as the Peruvian coast, with its particular SE-NW orientation, is only lapped by the winds produced by the cyclonic masses that form on the Pacific. The cold current of Humboldt has its part because it determines a condensation of the humidity carried by the sea winds, preventing the penetration towards the interior of the air masses. garúa), which represents almost the total rainfall of the region. In Lima annually approx. 20-30 mm of rain, values ​​more or less extensible to the entire arid coast, where however the temperatures are not those of deserts due to the mitigating action of the sea (in Lima, the temperature fluctuations range from 15 ºC to 20 ºC). The climate of the region is however tropical, although there are considerable variations going from S to N, where the desert is much warmer. Rising towards the Andes, the climate changes, but the most important effects concern the temperatures, because even here the rainfall remains low. The damp contributions on the Andean chain are mainly those of the E and SE trade winds, which however are considerably reduced over 2500 md ‘ altitude and are also barred by the longitudinal arrangement of the mountain ranges. Towards 3800-4000 m, the altitude of the Andean basins, rainfall is minimal: it does not exceed 50 mm per year (36 mm in Cerro de Pasco, located at 4338 m of altitude) and occurs during the months of austral summer, from November to February-March. The average temperatures in the same locality are around 4-5 ºC all year round, albeit with strong temperature variations, even of over 20 ºC. The climate begins to change as soon as you look out onto the eastern side, that is, along the valleys that descend towards the Amazonian lowlands; it also changes as it proceeds towards N, in the areas located at equatorial latitudes (Peru is close to the Equator) and more open to Atlantic influences. Huancayo (3550 m), rainfall is close to 700 mm and temperatures fluctuate between 13 ºC and 10 ºC. Below 2700 m, on the eastern side, the humid climate dominates, with abundant rainfall (over 2500 mm) and uninterrupted cloud formations. It is the Amazonian climate which, although presenting seasonal rhythms, is substantially characterized by high humidity, almost constant temperatures (22-25 ºC) and almost daily rainfall, if we exclude the months of July-August.

Peru Overview

Country overview & natural area From a scenic, cultural, ethnic and climatic point of view, Peru is a fascinating country. 84 of the 117 recognized life zones in the world can be found between the Pacific coast, Andean highlands and the Amazon region. Peru is considered one of the countries with the greatest biodiversity in… Read More »

Peru Political Situation Part I

President Vizcarra and Congress President Manuel Merino On Sunday November 16, Congress managed to set up a multi-party leadership committee. The plenary session of the Congress voted on this. Of the 123 parliamentarians present, 97 voted for and 26 against the composition. A President and three Vice-Presidents of the Congress were thus determined. At the… Read More »

Peru Political Situation Part II

The first case of the corona virus was confirmed in Peru on March 6, 2020. On March 15, President Vizcarra ordered compulsory quarantine and shortly thereafter a night curfew from 8:00 p.m. to 5:00 a.m. This was initially valid throughout the country for 15 days. With this measure, Vizcarra took the political initiative again and… Read More »

Peru Political Situation Part III

At the beginning of July 2019, the Vizcarra government approved the start of the Tía María copper project by the Mexican company Southern Peru in the Tambo Valley. The population of Islay Province rioted on July 15 over fears for agriculture and water. The government is facing a difficult problem shortly before the national holiday… Read More »

Peru Geography

Peru Overview Peru is the largest Andean country, was the cradle of the most developed indigenous civilizations and the seat of the strongest empire in pre-Hispanic South America, the Inca Empire. Peru was the center of Spanish colonial rule for three centuries. For these reasons the country has a diverse heritage in terms of people… Read More »

Peru Political Situation Part IV

After tough negotiations, the executive succeeded in convincing the members of the communities in the area of the Las Bambas mining project to lift the road blockade. At the moment, the demands of the communities are being negotiated in nine working groups made up of the executive and community members. While some working groups are… Read More »

Peru Political Situation Part V

After releasing audio recordings of corrupt judges and prosecutors, President Vizcarra took an active role in the fight against corruption in the judicial system. He quickly nominated a judicial commission to propose reforming the sector by July 25th. In his government speech on July 28, 2018, he presented the first results of this commission and… Read More »

Peru Presidential and Congressional Elections

Congress elections on January 26, 2020 The congressional elections scheduled for the end of September 2019 due to the dissolution of the congress have resulted in a fractional congress. Of the 21 parties that ran for elections, only nine managed to pass the 5% hurdle. The party Volksaktion AP received 10.5% of the votes in… Read More »

Peru Presidential and Congressional Elections 2

In parliament, Keiko Fujimori’s People’s Strength party had 72 (one member of parliament left the parliamentary group) of the 130 congress seats, giving it a clear majority. Surprisingly, the “Broad Front” has established itself as the second political force in Congress with 20 seats (one member of parliament left the parliamentary group, the “Broad Front”… Read More »

Peru Domestic Politics 2

The corruption scandal so far has affected Chief Justice César Hinostroza, the President of the Callao Higher Court, Walter Ríos and three members of the National Council of Justice (CNM), which is responsible for appointing judges and removing them from office. The President of the Callao High Court, Walter Ríos, was taken into custody by… Read More »

Peru Domestic Politics

Peru History & State Independence Day: July 28, 1821 Head of state: Francisco Sagasti Hochhausler (from November 17, 2020) Head of government: Violeta Bermúdez Valdivia (since November 18, 2020) Political system: Multi-party system Democracy Status Index (BTI): Rank 29 (out of 129) 2018 Corruption Index (CPI): Rank 105 (of 180) (2018) Power groups The Peruvian… Read More »

Peru History

The pre-Hispanic cultures Clay city by Chan Chan Head of a deity anchored in the wall Paracas ceramics Textiles Mochica ceramics According to dentistrymyth, Peru and Bolivia are considered the cradle of the pre-Columbian civilizations in South America. Long before the Inca, the first high cultures developed here. The Holy City of Caral, which was… Read More »

Peru Government Form

The state of Peru is a democratic, social, independent and sovereign republic. It represents a unit and is indivisible. The state is representative, decentralized and organized according to the principle of the separation of powers. The position of the president within the executive power has been given far-reaching powers since the constitutional amendment of 1993.… Read More »

Peru Local and Regional Elections

Elected governor Aymara leader Walter Aduviri Regional and local elections on October 7th / December 9th, 2018 In the elections for the mayor of Lima, the representative of the popular action Jorge Muñoz won with 36.2% of the vote. Three weeks earlier it was 4% in the polls. The big winners of the local elections… Read More »

Peru Foreign Policy

Relations with the USA traditionally had foreign policy priority for Peru. But while in 2007 30% of Peruvian exports to the USA were still accounted for, this fell to 15.1% of total exports in 2015. Only 20.6% of the imports came from the USA in 2015. After lengthy negotiations, the Trans-Pacific Trade Agreement TPP was… Read More »

Peru Economy Development

Peru Economy Estimated GDP: $ 206.5 billion Per capita income (purchasing power parity): 12,323 PPP $ (2018, HDR 19) Human Development Rank (HDI): Rank 82 (2018, HDR 19) Population prone to multidimensional poverty: 12.5% (2018, HDR 19) Distribution of income (Gini coefficient): 0.433 (2018, HDR 19) Economic Transformation Index (BTI): Rank 29 (of 129) (2018)… Read More »

Peru Economic Sectors

The impact of the corona pandemic on production in the country in March and April 2020 is devastating. The INEI gives the decline in sectoral production in April as follows: 57.82% for fisheries, 42.29% for mining, 54.91 for manufacturing, 89.91% for construction, 65.41 for retail, 94.55% for hotels and restaurants. Only agriculture was able to… Read More »

Peru Development Cooperation

Poverty and Poverty Reduction In Peru, wealth is concentrated in a few cities, mostly on the coast, while the rural population of the mountains lives in poverty. From the beginning, the Humalas government attached great importance to the question of social “inclusion” within government policy. The Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion, created in 2011,… Read More »

Peru Society

Proportion of literate adults: 94.1% (2018, HDR 19) Major religions: Catholicism approx. 89%, Protestant 7% Urban population: 77.9% (2018, HDR 19) Life expectancy: 76.5 (2018, HDR 19) Gender Inequality Index: 0.381 (2018, HDR 19) Child mortality under five years (out of 1000): 15 (2018, HDR 19) Stl. Education expenditure (% GNP): 3.9% (2018, HDR 19)… Read More »

Peru Education and Health

Education Schoolchildren from a slum In recent years the government has made great efforts to promote the educational system. In 2005, 17% of the state budget was devoted to this area, which corresponds to 2.8% of the gross domestic product. According to CEPAL, the average in Latin America is 18% and 4%, respectively. The degree… Read More »

Peru Everyday Life

Currency: New Peruvian Sol Exchange rate: 4.45 per € (January 4, 2021) Time zone: CET -6 hours Country code (phone): +51 International Airport (IATA): LIM (Lima) Climate (for capital): temperate, humid Entry According to a2zgov, you do not need a visa to enter Peru and the passport must be valid for at least six months… Read More »

Peru Culture

Arts and Culture The indigenous cultures of Peru are rich and diverse, but often obscure and hide their expressions. The word “Indio” is negative because it is associated with serfdom, forced labor, abuse and inferiority. When indigenous peoples migrate to the outskirts of large cities, the process of “cholificación” begins immediately, the adaptation to white… Read More »

Travelling to Peru

Travel, transportation and traffic Tourists can get practical travel tips from the Foreign Office or from the Internet Tourist Office. Also Promperu and go2Peru convey Find out for cultural and adventure tourists. Lima recently started offering guided city tours with audio guides. There are a total of seven city tours that can be accessed or… Read More »

IELTS Test Centers in Peru

IELTS Testing Centres in Peru In total, there are 5 test locations in Peru that offer IELTS exams. You can select the one which is closer to you. There are two types of test format available for IELTS exams: paper-based or computer-delivered. For both formats, the Speaking Section is done with a real IELTS examiner… Read More »

GMAT Test Centers in Peru

GMAT Testing Location We have found 1 GMAT test centre in Peru, located in Lima. For specific test dates of 2019, please refer to the end of this page. New Horizons Computer Learning Center Av. Santa Cruz 870 Miraflores 15073 Lima Peru Phone: (511) 619-2900 Test Center Information A cuadra y media del Óvalo Gutiérrez. GMAT… Read More »

TOEFL Test Centers in Peru

The TOEFL iBT test is offered in this location. The list below shows testing regions, fees and dates as of February 15, 2019, but availability may change when you register. Fees are shown in US$ and are subject to change without notice. To find the most up-to-date list of available test centers (including addresses), dates and times, click the button… Read More »