Tag Archives: Study in Israel

(Medinat Yisra´el). State of Southwest Asia (20,918 km²). Capital: Jerusalem (since 1967 including East Jerusalem; not recognized by the UN). Administrative division: districts (6). Population: 9,212,800 (2020 estimate). Language: Hebrew and Arabic (official). Religion: Jews 75.1%, Muslims 17.4%, Christians 2%, Druze 1.6%, others 3.9%. Monetary unit: new Israeli cycle = sheqel (100 agorot). Human Development Index: 0.906 (22nd place). Borders: Lebanon (N), Syria (NE), Jordan (and West Bank) (E), Red Sea (Gulf of ʽAqaba) (S), Egypt (SW), Mediterranean Sea (NW). Member of: EBRD, OECD, UN and WTO, Council of Europe observer, OAS observer. According to COUNTRYAAH, Israel is a nation in Western Asia, the capital city of which is Jerusalem. The latest population of Israel is 8,655,546. ACEINLAND: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Israel, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.
History
After expulsion from the kingdom of Judah (Babylonian exile, 587 BC), the Jews lived all over the world in the diaspora. Many Jews suffered persecution up to and including the Holocaust (1941-45). In the last third of the 19th century, a national movement (Zionism) emerged among the Jews. Its aim was to return to the “promised land” of Palestine and to found a state of its own there. In the first half of the 20th century, Great Britain ruled what is now Israel on behalf of the League ofNations. The region was called Palestine and was mainly inhabited by Arabs (“Palestinians”). At the same time there was growing demand in Europe for a separate state for the Jews (Zionism). The United Nations supported the division of Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab state.

On May 15, 1948, Jewish politicians led by D. Ben Gurion proclaimed the independent state of Israel. This led to constant, sometimes armed conflicts between Israel and its Arab neighbors (Middle East conflict). The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was founded in 1964 to represent the Arab Palestinians, and its program called for the annihilation of Israel. In the 1967 Six Day War, Israel conquered the West Bank , Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights and the Sinai Peninsula. In 1979, Egypt became the first Arab state to recognize Israel and make peace with it. Israel then evacuated the Sinai Peninsula. In 1993 the Palestinians in the occupied territories received partial autonomy and took over self-government. In 1994 Israel and Jordan made peace. The peace process between Israel and the Palestinians has been interrupted time and again by terrorist attacks by radical Palestinians and Israeli reprisals. Violent uprisings by the Palestinian Arabs against the Israeli occupying power broke out in 1987 and 2000 (First and Second Intifada). In between was the Oslo Peace Process, which included a series of agreements between the PLO and Israel. He was interrupted by the assassination attempt on Izhak Rabin (* 1922, † 1995). First under Ariel Sharon (* 1928, † 2014) peace talks again followed, mediated by the USA. In 2005, A. Sharon pushed through the complete withdrawal of Israel from the Gaza Strip. However, flaring up armed conflicts prevented a two-state solution. A peaceful coexistence between Israel and the Palestinian territories could not be achieved.

Israel Road Network

According to wholevehicles, Israel has a good and extensive road network, which is considerably better developed than in neighboring countries. Motorways The Kessem Interchange between Route 5 and Route 6 at Petah Tikva. The highway network is relatively limited, and is mainly located around Tel Aviv and central Israel. Route 1 is the highway from… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Tiberias, Israel

The climate of Tiberias According to shopareview, Tiberias is located on the Sea of ​​Galilee. Tiberias was founded by the Romans and was named after the then emperor Tiberius. The population of Tiberias is largely Jewish. This has always been the case, although other population groups also live there. Tiberias has some warm springs to… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Tel Aviv, Israel

The climate of Tel Aviv According to citypopulationreview, although Israel itself designates Jerusalem as its capital, it has not been accepted as such by the international community and the United Nations. The second city of Israel, Tel Aviv, located on the Mediterranean Sea, is used by friendly states as an unofficial capital. Most diplomats therefore… Read More »

Israel Basic Information

Basic information about the territory Subchapters: System of governance and political tendencies in the country Foreign policy of the country Population The system of governance and political tendencies in the country Official State Name: State of Israel (Medinat Yisrael) President: Yitzchak Herzog (in office since July 7, 2021) Composition of the government: The government is… Read More »

Israel Travel Facts

Israel is located in the Middle East and borders Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt. In contrast to the neighboring countries, Israel is considered a very safe travel destination. A diverse cuisine, exciting culture, varied landscapes and friendly people usually surprise first-time travelers in a very positive way. Israel is a very exciting and worthwhile travel… Read More »

History of Israel

According to historyaah, the State of Israel was created a little over half a century ago, but the early State of Israel was known from 2000 BC. like Judea. At different times it was under the rule of Babylon and Rome. The Romans renamed Judea to Palestine. For many centuries, this land was the scene… Read More »

Israel History After 2001

The unilateral choice of A. Sharon The elections for the re-election of the prime minister in 2001 recorded the lowest percentage of voters ever in Israel. A. Sharon, the Likud leader after Netanyahu’s resignation in 1999, formed a broad government of national unity, which Labor also joined. After the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001… Read More »

Israel Population, Society and Rights

The demographic factor was decisive for Israel from the very beginning. The incentives introduced at the end of the nineteenth century (and in part still maintained) to stimulate the arrival in the Palestinian territories of Jews from all over the world (especially Russia and the United States) were aimed at legitimizing the existence of a… Read More »

Israel Recent Architecture

In recent years, in Israel as in other countries, there has been a series of critical reflections in architectural culture on the dominant concepts of the previous decades. However, many choices made in the past regarding new settlements and expansions of cities like Jerusalem and Tel Aviv continue to have a decisive influence on architecture… Read More »

Israel Recent History Part I

The negotiations with Egypt, which began with the visit of the Egyptian president A. al-Sādāt to Jerusalem on November 20, 1977, continued with substantial success towards the achievement of a peace agreement between the two countries, also thanks to the assiduous mediation of the United States. From May 14 to June 13, 1978 the Israelis… Read More »

Israel Recent History Part II

Despite the massive repression and vigilance put in place by the government of Israel and in particular by the Minister of Defense Israel Rabin, and the relevant costs incurred (in two years, one billion dollars), it was impossible to impose a return to order, and the Unified National Command of the intifāḍa, in agreement with… Read More »

Israel Under B. Netanyahu

This also contributed to the success of B. Netanyahu at the head of a far-right coalition that was clearly oriented to downsize the agreements with the PLO. Suffice it to recall, as regards the question of Jerusalem, the unilateral decisions to open an ancient tunnel under the mosques of ῾Umar and al-Aqṣā (23 September 1996),… Read More »

Israel Population and Finance

The status of Israel was proclaimed on May 14, 1948 at the time of the withdrawal of the English troops from Palestine. The territory of the state was provisionally defined in the armistice conventions stipulated between Israel and the countries of the Arab League: with the Egyptian govemment, in Rhodes on February 24, 1949; with… Read More »

Israel Population and Economy in 1970’s

Population. – The state of Israel today it occupies 20,255 km 2, on which 3,493,200 residents live, with an average density of 172 residents per km 2. The population, largely Jewish, is divided into two groups of almost equal numbers: Jews born in Israel and those born abroad, demonstrating the strong incidence of immigration. The… Read More »

Israel Population and Economy 1983

Population. – According to the census of June 4, 1983, the population of Israel (within the armistice lines of 1949, but including East Jerusalem and the 23,789 Israelis residing in the administered territories) was 4,013,831 residents, of which 83% Jews, 13% Muslims, 2.3% Christians and 1.6% Druze. Of the population estimated at the beginning of… Read More »

Israel Politics and Economy

Institutional organization Israel is a parliamentary republic with a single chamber (the Knesset) made up of 120 seats, elected every four years on a proportional basis. There is no preference vote in legislative elections. In Israel, the election takes place on a proportional basis of a single national block-list college – that is, the entire… Read More »

Israel Music

At the time of the creation of the new state (1948), Israel had two important music academies, in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, established in the 1930s and 1940s, as well as an Institute for the training of music teachers, founded in 1945 in Tel Aviv. In 1936 the Philharmonic Orchestra directed by A. Toscanini and… Read More »

Israel Multilingual Literature

In the context of Israel’s multilingual literary production, the current landscape in Hebrew presents numerous elements of continuity with the international one and with the period of revision of the Zionist narrative typical of the new Hebrew literature, showing particular attention to an identity, linguistic and space that more evidently refers to the initial phases… Read More »

Israel Literature Part II

Of Kianuk we should mention Ādām ben Chelev (1986, “Adam son of a dog”), the story of a Jewish actor forced to act as a personal clown for the commander of a Nazi extermination camp: in a macabre-grotesque atmosphere, through the progressive sinking of the protagonist in a resignation that soon becomes the apathetic indifference… Read More »

Israel Literature Part I

Although rooted in earlier Hebrew literature, Israeli literature has exquisitely contemporary features and themes. After the 1950s, the new waves of authors who have alternated on the literary scene increasingly reflect the problems of Israelis born in the country. Writers immersed in their natural environment become interpreters of the intimate problems of the individual with… Read More »

Israel Literature from 1948 to 21st Century

From 1948 to the 1980s The proclamation of the state (1948) conventionally marks the beginning of this literature, although its peculiar style and its imprint can be found in the writings of well-known authors, such as S. Yizhar, already in the previous decade. It is customary to divide this production into 3 cultural currents, linked… Read More »

Israel in the 20th Century Part IV

On August 15, the evacuation from Gaza began, completed eight days later. The settlers were allowed 48 hours to leave the settlements before the intervention of the security forces. The most serious clashes took place in Neve Dekalim, the largest settlement, where many nationalist religious activists had gathered. Tensions also occurred in Kfar Darom and… Read More »

Israel in the 20th Century Part III

In February 2004 Sharon’s decision to withdraw Israeli troops from Gaza and dismantle the Jewish settlements came as a surprise. The initiative was somehow the result of an important debate that developed in the country on the Jewish and democratic identity of the State of Israel. Identity threatened by the strong Arab demographic pressure in… Read More »

Israel in the 20th Century Part II

After the terrorist attacks in New York and Washington on September 11, 2001, the tension between Israelis and Palestinians seemed to degenerate into open conflict. During March 2002, as Israeli forces continued the occupation of two refugee camps in the West Bank, Balata, near Nablus, and Jenin, Ḥamās and the Al-Aqṣā Martyrs Brigade (terrorist group… Read More »

Israel in the 20th Century Part I

At the end of the 20th century the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, initiated by the historic Oslo accords of 1993, saw the parties bilaterally sign an agreement for the last time, before a crisis of very serious proportions hit the whole region; in the following years, in fact, the outbreak of the second intif ā ḍ… Read More »

Israel in the 1990’s

The last decade of the 20th century made up for the State of Israel a period of profound reconsideration at the end of a dramatic and complex fifty-year period. After the tragedy of the Second World War and the confrontation with the Arabs and the Palestinians of 1947 – 49, the relationship between I and… Read More »

Israel Human and Economic Geography 1998

Population According to a 1998 estimate, the population of Israel (within the armistice lines of 1949, but including East Jerusalem, the Golan Heights and Israelis residing in the administered territories) was 5. 984. 000 residents, With an increase – compared to the 1983 census – of about 44 %. As in the past, this increase… Read More »

Israel History in the 21st Century

In the first months of 2006 a very delicate phase began for Israel, symbolically marked by the disappearance of Ariel Sharon from the political scene and the victory of Ḥamās in the Palestinian elections. The new prime minister Ehud Olmert, in continuity with his predecessor’s policy, confirmed the construction of new Jewish settlements in the… Read More »

Israel History Between 1977 and 2001

From Begin to Rabin (1977-1995) In 1977 the leadership of the government passed to the Likud led by M. Begin. The Camp David Agreements (1978) between Begin and Egyptian President A. Sadat to initiate a peace plan in exchange for the restitution of Sinai (completed in 1982) dissociated Egypt from the anti-Israeli Arab front. The… Read More »

Israel History after 1957

As a consequence of the war of 1957 there was a greater Soviet intervention in a pro-Egyptian and anti-Israeli function, with new supplies of weapons to Egypt; this continued its policy of blocking the Suez Canal to Israeli goods and ships. In June 1963, Ben Gurion resigned for personal reasons, the government was chaired by… Read More »