Tag Archives: Study in Iran

Iran is a state of Asia that occupies the entire western section of the highlands that rise between the Syro-Arabian plateau, the Indus valley, the Aralo-Caspian lowlands and the Indian Ocean. name of Iran, while previously it was also called Persia (from the ancient Pers. Pārsa, the region where the kingdom of Anšan was located). This name was popularized by ancient historians to indicate the Achaemenid empire, and is still widespread in the Western world. Broadly speaking, the country identifies itself with a specific cultural area – the one inhabited by Iranian populations – which has emerged through a long historical process and which has in the Fārs, a region that closely dominates the Mesopotamia, its original nucleus. Inhabited by the Medes and the Parthians, the ancient kingdom known in antiquity with the name of Persia extended its territory, under the leadership of the leader Cyrus the Great, to encompass Asia Minor, part of India, Egypt and Greece, before giving way to the advance of Alexander the Great. On this rich and ancient substratum, Islamism was subsequently grafted (ca. 641 d. C.), which informed the pre-existing culture without completely compromising its peculiarities and singular identity with respect to the rest of Islamized Asia. Crossed in the course of its history by different impulses, aimed on the one hand at the affirmation of a modern state, far from religious influences, independent, neutral, moderate, and, on the other, inspired by the search for a confessional and fundamentalist purity of the type. anti-Western, Iran has alternately aroused the enthusiasm of European countries and the Arab world; some, attracted by the investment opportunities opened up by the most enlightened and secularized governments, the others, fascinated by the possibility of creating an alternative model to the West, like the one advocated by the more traditionalist shahs and which had one of the most representative moments in the Islamic Revolution of the late seventies. Iran in the new millennium is also returning to the world animated by strong contradictions, and it will be precisely the recomposition of these aspects that will arise as one of the problems that the country will have to face in the immediate future and whose outcome will depend on global balances. According to COUNTRYAAH, Iran is a nation in Western Asia, the capital city of which is Tehran. The latest population of Iran is 83,992,960. ACEINLAND: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Iran, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.
Iran is climatically included in the arid area of ​​western Asia. It would be a poor and depopulated country if it did not have those mountain ranges which, enjoying a certain amount of rainfall, are able to feed, albeit for short periods, the rivers and water tables that support the oases. The aridity of Iran is due to its position in Asia, a position which largely excludes it from the circulation of the maritime wet masses. The conformation of the country is also a determining factor of aridity; on the western and southwestern side, from where the maritime influences come, Iran is barred by mountain ranges, while on the northern and northeastern side it is open to the influences of dry continental air masses, which manifest themselves with characteristic winds, Sistān, and is called the “wind of 120 days” (between the end of summer and the beginning of winter). The presence of the Caspian has limited but easily perceptible influences on the northern side of the Elburz, a well-watered green area that contrasts with the rest of the country which, in summer, has a parched and desolate face. However, even in Iran, there is a magical moment of the meteorological year: it is spring, when the winter precipitation ends and with the melting of the snow on the mountains, steppes and oases. green again. The distribution of the rains is irregular; they occur almost throughout the territory in the winter months, according to the rhythm of Mediterranean climates, although the thermal regime is very different due to the high continentality and altitude of the country. In winter, temperatures drop significantly, reaching a few degrees above zero in the plateau. In Tehran, for example, in January there are averages of 2 ºC, in Tabrīz -1 ºC. However, at S the latitude makes its impact felt and the values ​​rise by a few degrees. Outside the plateau, the values ​​of Abādān are exceptional, which is located in a tropical, humid and very hot zone, with annual averages of 25-26 ºC (and summer of 36 ºC). Summer also records high values ​​on the plateau, although the differences between day and night are considerable: Tehran’s average of 16-17 ºC hides daily maximum values ​​that often exceed 30-35 ºC. As for the quantity of precipitation, on the plateau there are averages that never exceed 250 mm (in Teheran, Tabrīz, Mashhad); they lower towards the S, at the edge of the Lūt desert (Kermān 135 mm). There are values ​​higher than 250 mm along the entire external slope of the Zagros, where over 2500 m, even more than 500 mm of rain fall annually; this also applies to the northern slope of the Elburz (in Rasht, for example, there are up to 1300 mm per year).

Iran Road Network

According to wholevehicles, Iran has a fairly well-developed road network, especially in and between major cities. The capital Tehran in particular has a large highway network, and there are also interurban highways in that region. There is no national highway network. Due to the desolation of large parts of the country, the road network is… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Zahedan, Iran

The climate of Zahedan According to citypopulationreview, Zahedan is located in southeastern Iran, in the province of Sistan and Baluchestan of which it is the capital. Zahedan is not far from the border triangle with Afghanistan and Pakistan. West of the city is the Dasht-e Lut desert. Zahedan is an ancient city, first mentioned in… Read More »

Iran Culture of Business

Subchapters: Introduction Addressing Business Meeting Communication Recommendations Public Holidays Introduction Iran currently represents one of the few major world economies that remain largely outside the globalized market. For this reason, Iran will represent a great opportunity for foreign companies and investors in the future. However, due to its many cultural and political specificities, trade with… Read More »

Iran Basic Information

Basic information about the territory Subchapters: System of governance and political tendencies in the country Foreign policy of the country Population The system of governance and political tendencies in the country The official name of Iran is the Islamic Republic of Iran, in Persian “Jomhuri-je Islami-je Iran”. The Iranian political system is quite complicated, consisting… Read More »

History of Iran

According to historyaah, the oldest state formations on the territory of Iran appeared in the beginning. 3 thousand BC In the 6th c. BC. the Achaemenid Empire arose, which fell as a result of the conquest of Alexander the Great. In the 7th century Iran was conquered by the Arabs, Zoroastrianism was replaced by Islam.… Read More »

Iran History – From the Safavids to the Cagiari

Founder of the Safavid dynasty was Ismail (1483-1524), descendant of the shaikh Safi ad-Din, eponym of the dynasty, who had acquired great religious and moral authority in his city, Ardabil, and in much of Azerbaijan, which soon became political.. In a series of successful campaigns to the east, Ismail managed to conquer a territory roughly… Read More »

Iran Human and Economic Geography 2007

Southwestern Asian state. The data from the last national census in 2006 are still partial and are being processed by the Iranian Bureau of Statistics. Preliminary data show that the total number of residents has exceeded 68 million units, with an increase of over 7 million compared to the 1996 census and over 3 million… Read More »

Iran in the 1990’s and 2000’s

Upon Khomeini’s death, Khamanei succeeded him as religious leader of the country. The moderate and pragmatic conservative ‛AA Rafsangiani was elected to the presidency of the Republic. canonical law on the line of rigor (veil to women, prohibition of alcohol etc.) which had belonged to Khomeini. Meanwhile, the Iranian economy, affected by the complex political… Read More »

Iran in the 21st Century

In the early years of the 21st century, the reformist current, whose point of reference was represented by the president of the republic in office Muḥammad Khātamī, and the conservative alignment within the which was emerging the personality of the new mayor of Tehran, elected in 2003, Maḥmūd Aḥmadīnejād, a civilian who in the Eighties,… Read More »

Iran Literature

The Iranian literary panorama continues to record a greater success of works in prose, in terms of both production and reception, to the detriment of poetry, a privileged literary form from the origins of the Persian literary tradition up, at least, to the last century. In the world of prose it is the short story… Read More »

Iran Literature – Classical Era

The origins The literature of Iran ancient begins with the sacred book of Zoroastrianism, the Avesta, the oldest parts of which (the Gāthā) date back to Zarathustra himself (perhaps 7th-6th century BC). They are contrasted by the Yasht , or hymns, which reflect an elaboration of the primitive Zoroastrian doctrine, contaminated with residues of the… Read More »

Iran Literature 1979

In the last thirty years the literature of the Iran it seems to show a continuation of the main guidelines identified for the previous period. Apart from that poetry which still uses classical formal instruments and which also gave some notable representatives such as Maleko ‘sh-Sho’arā’ Bahār (died 1951), who knew how to infuse new… Read More »

Iran Literature 1992

The different phases of the Islamic revolution have left traces and marked differences in the literature. The freedom granted in the first years by the new state to the creative imagination (more than seventy plays were composed during the first post-revolutionary years) was gradually replaced by censorship; literature has partly taken the path of exile.… Read More »

Iran Modern Dialects

The modern Iranian dialects continue quite faithfully the distribution already outlined since the time of the most ancient documentation, since, despite the fact that the Perside dialect was assumed in three successive ages as a language of culture, the a. pers. of the inscriptions, the so-called pahlavīe the modern Persian, lacked the formation of a… Read More »

Iran Morphology and Hydrography

1.1 Morphology The territory, a central-western section of the largest Iranian region, is formed by a complex of other lands, whose distinctive geographical character emerges from the contrast between the mountain ranges that surround it on each side and the interior, a plateau divided into separate basins. of various sizes, without outflow to the sea… Read More »

Iran Population

Iran is a state in south-western Asia, bordering by land with Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan to the N (where, however, the limit is also provided for a stretch by the Caspian Sea), Afghanistan and the Pakistan to the E, Turkey and Iraq to the West, while to the South it overlooks the Persian Gulf and… Read More »

Iran Population and Economy 2000

Population At the 1996 census the population of the Iran it amounted to approximately 60 million units; in 1998, a UN estimate attributed the country to 65,758,000 residents. The annual growth rate is still very high today and exposes the country to the dramatic consequences of overpopulation. Over the last few decades, birth rates have… Read More »

Iran since 1979

The Islamic Republic of Iran, proclaimed on 1 April 1979, has overcome numerous moments of crisis in twenty years of existence: the first, which started a very long period of tension with the United States, was determined by the occupation of the American embassy in Teherān: many of the officials taken hostage remained prisoners of… Read More »

Iran Under Khomeini

Now far from the power games, Khomeini died on 4 June 1989; a few months earlier, as a lawyer, he had had time to judge the novel Satanic Verses as blasphemousby the writer Salman Rushdie and, consequently, to issue the death sentence against the author, inciting the Muslim faithful to carry it out. The end… Read More »

The Iranian People

From 1 April 1979 the Iran it has become an Islamic Republic. With the new constitution, the supreme authority of the country is the Wālī faqīh, the religious head of the Shiites appointed by the clergy, who, although not having well-defined tasks, exercises a supervisory function over the institutions, laws enacted and the main organs… Read More »

The Islamic Republic

Upon his return from Paris, the Ayatollah appointed a provisional government chaired by Mahdi Bazargan, but royal power was assumed by an Islamic Revolutionary Council designated by Khomeini himself. On 1 April, following a popular referendum, the Islamic Republic of Iran was proclaimed and in December a second referendum approved a new Constitution which included,… Read More »

The New Role of Rouhani’s Iran

Thanks to the nuclear deal, the country has emerged from the international isolation in which it found itself, but the instability of the surrounding regions may represent a risk factor for Tehran’s national interests. And for the balance of the whole world. For Iran government and politics, please check a2zgov.com.  Hassan Rouhani With the signing –… Read More »

Iran Children’s Encyclopedia (2005)

Iran A rugged landscape and a great wealth in the subsoil An enormous territory, harsh and poor, but with the wealth of oil; the legacy of one of the most dynamic empires of antiquity, but with a strict attachment to religion: Iran mixes these contradictory ingredients and attempts a difficult development. A beautiful and problematic… Read More »

Iran Cinematography Part I

The first examples of cinema came in Iran at the beginning of the twentieth century, introduced by the official photographers of the royal house, who were commissioned by the shāh to document the activity of the sovereigns and the religious rites and then screen the short films to the dignitaries of the court, in occasion… Read More »

Iran Cinematography Part II

Paradoxically, it was the increasingly widespread practice of dubbing foreign films in fāarsi that gave a new boost to national production at the end of the 1940s. One of the main architects was Esma’il Kushan who, after having achieved considerable success importing foreign films dubbed in Turkey in Iran, in 1948 founded a production company… Read More »

Iran Cinematography Part III

The flourishing of authors and works linked to the nouvelle vague movement, which coincided with the period of greatest development of the national film industry (in 1972 90 films were produced, about 400 cinemas were active and spectators exceeded 100 million), nevertheless represented a marginal phenomenon in the context of Iranian production, which otherwise remained… Read More »

Iran Cinematography Part IV

The flare-up of the popular uprising against the shāh regime and the 1979 revolution, which led to the Iran to become an Islamic Republic led by āyatollāh Khomeyni, they also had repercussions on cinema, which saw production prospects and artistic freedoms change due to the repression exercised by the censorship bodies imposed by the new… Read More »