Tag Archives: Study in Hungary

Hungary is located in Central Europe and is a landlocked country with the capital Budapest. The country is about twice the size of Switzerland. It lies in a low plain and is mostly flat. The Danube divides the country into two halves: the west is hilly and wooded, in the east an almost treeless landscape stretches out – the Puszta. The Balaton in the southwest and the natural paradise of Lake Tisza in the northeast are popular tourist destinations. Hungary has a predominantly continental climate with warm summers and cold winters. The national language is Hungarian. According to COUNTRYAAH, Hungary is a nation in Eastern Europe, the capital city of which is Budapest. The latest population of Hungary is 9,660,362. MYSTERYAROUND: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Hungary, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.

With the exception of Finnish, it differs from other European languages. A small group of the population states that German is their mother tongue. The Magyars (Hungarians) are the largest group of people who shape Hungarian culture. 13 recognized minorities, including Hungarian Germans, Slovaks and Croats, live in Hungary. The Roma, the largest minority, often live on the margins of society.

The Kingdom of Hungary was part of the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy from 1867 to 1918 and lost two thirds of its territory and over half of its population in 1918. In 1949 Hungary became a communist “People’s Republic”. Before the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, GDR citizens managed to escape across the Hungarian-Austrian border. In October 1989 the parliament changed the state name to “Republic of Hungary”.

Hungary has successfully made the transition from a planned economy to a market economy. It is an attractive location for service centers of foreign companies. The strong industrial sector with automotive, chemical and electrical industries is export-oriented. The most important foreign trade partner is Germany. The country has been a member of the European Union since 2004. Hungary belongs to the Schengen area, but not to the euro states. The national currency is the forint.
The country’s industrialization began at the end of the 19th century, with Budapest as the most important industrial center. After the Second World War, during the socialist period, Hungary developed into an industrial state with simultaneously important agriculture. After the land reform (1945) and the nationalization of the coal and steel industry (1946), a centrally controlled, planned economy of the Soviet type was implemented by the end of the 1940s – with a nationalized industrial, trade and financial sector and priority development in heavy industry. Budapest remained the most important industrial agglomeration, despite strong decentralization. Industrialization became the main factor in urbanization in rural Hungary. In the 1960s a slow liberalization of the economy and a softening of the rigid planning system began. This should encourage companies to take the initiative and take greater account of profitability and market conditions. In the early 1980s, an extremely lively, small-business private sector emerged. The relatively liberal economic policy was an essential basis for the good supply of the population with a comparatively rich supply of consumer goods for socialist economies. Nevertheless, the stagnation that had existed since the late 1970s expanded into a deep crisis in the 1980s, which was associated with high foreign debt. The reform policy continued with fundamental political and economic reforms in the second half of the 1980s. With a series of economic laws and finally with the new constitution of 1989 the system change towards parliamentary democracy and market economy was initiated; since 1990 the economy has been largely privatized. However, the transformation initially resulted in a general economic decline (decline in industrial production) and social polarization for the population. From the mid-1990s, the Hungarian economy recorded stable and sustained growth. Due to the rapid political and economic stabilization, Hungary became the preferred destination for foreign direct investments in Central and Eastern Europe (2014 total: US $ 108.1 billion). The steady economic growth since 1997 did not come to an end until the global financial crisis in 2008, but since 2013 the gross domestic product (GDP) has grown again (2015: by 2.9%). The government tried to counter the foreign debt, which had risen to 80.6% of GDP by 2011, through tax increases (e.g. increase in VAT to 27% in January 2012); the foreign debt at the end of 2015 was only 75.8%. That the foreign debt at the end of 2015 was only 75.8%. That the foreign debt at the end of 2015 was only 75.8%. That Gross national income (GNI) per resident was US $ 12,870 in 2017, the inflation rate –0.1% and the unemployment rate 10.9%. Hungary has been a member of the EU since May 1, 2004.

Hungary 1984

In 1984, Hungary was a socialist state located in Central Europe, firmly entrenched within the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War. The country’s political, social, and economic landscape was heavily influenced by its alignment with the Soviet Union and its commitment to socialist policies. Political Landscape: Hungary was under the governance of the Hungarian Socialist… Read More »

Hungary 1980

In 1980, Hungary, located in Central Europe, was part of the Eastern Bloc and under communist rule, but it had a distinct political and economic situation compared to other Soviet satellite states. Hungary, often referred to as the “Happiest Barracks” within the Eastern Bloc, had a relatively more open and prosperous society compared to its… Read More »

Hungary 1981

Hungary in 1981: A Nation Under Soviet Influence Navigating Economic Challenges In 1981, Hungary, a landlocked country in Central Europe, found itself in the midst of the Cold War, firmly within the sphere of Soviet influence. The nation had a complex history marked by political shifts, economic challenges, and cultural richness. Political Landscape: According to… Read More »

Hungary 1982

Hungary in 1982: A Nation in the Heart of Eastern Europe In 1982, Hungary, a landlocked nation in the heart of Eastern Europe, found itself at a pivotal point in its history. The country was shaped by a complex interplay of historical, political, social, and economic factors. To understand Hungary in 1982, we must delve… Read More »

Hungary 1983

In 1983, Hungary, officially known as the Hungarian People’s Republic, was a country located in Central Europe, nestled between Austria to the west, Czechoslovakia (now the Czech Republic and Slovakia) to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east, and Yugoslavia (now several independent nations) to the south. Hungary’s location in the heart… Read More »

Hungary 1985

In 1985, Hungary was a part of the Eastern Bloc and the Warsaw Pact, existing under the influence of the Soviet Union and its communist regime. The country’s political, economic, and social conditions were shaped by its position within the Eastern Bloc, its historical background, and its efforts to navigate the challenges of the Cold… Read More »

Hungary 1990

Population of Hungary in 1990 In 1990, Hungary had a population of 10,600,000 people. This represented a significant increase from the 1980 population of 9,921,000 people. According to watchtutorials, the majority of the population was ethnic Hungarian (83.8%), with significant minorities of Roma (7%), German (2.6%) and other nationalities (6.6%). The country was largely urbanized… Read More »

Hungary 1986

In 1986, Hungary was a socialist state located in Central Europe under the influence of the Soviet Union, marked by a mix of political, economic, and social dynamics. The country had experienced a long history of foreign domination and political changes, which shaped its trajectory during this period. Politically, Hungary was a member of the… Read More »

Hungary 1987

In 1987, Hungary, a landlocked country nestled in the heart of Central Europe, was experiencing a pivotal period in its history. As part of the Eastern Bloc and under the influence of the Soviet Union, Hungary’s political, social, and economic landscape was characterized by both conformity to communist ideology and subtle signs of growing dissent.… Read More »

Hungary 1989

In 1989, Hungary, a Central European nation with a rich history and cultural heritage, was on the cusp of a momentous transformation that would profoundly shape its future. The year marked a pivotal period of change as Hungary embarked on a journey towards political, economic, and social reforms, ultimately leading to its transition from a… Read More »

Hungary 1988

Hungary in 1988 was a country undergoing significant political and social changes. It was the last year of the Hungarian People’s Republic, a communist state that had been in power since the end of World War II. However, cracks were beginning to appear in the regime, and a wave of reforms was sweeping through the… Read More »

Hungary 1991

Population of Hungary in 1991 In 1991, Hungary had a population of 10.3 million people. This figure was an increase of 8.3% from the previous census in 1980 and represented a population density of 124 people per square kilometer. The country was largely urbanized with over 66% of the population living in cities and towns,… Read More »

Hungary 1992

Population of Hungary in 1992 In 1992, Hungary had a population of 10.3 million people. The majority of the population was Hungarian (93%), with other ethnicities including Roma (3.2%), German (1.6%) and Slovak (0.8%). Hungary was considered to be one of the most ethnically homogenous countries in Europe at that time, with the majority of… Read More »

Hungary 1993

Population of Hungary in 1993 According to historyaah, in 1993, Hungary’s population was estimated to be around 10.4 million people. This number had grown steadily since the late 1980s, when the population was just under 9 million. The majority of Hungary’s population was made up of ethnic Hungarians, who accounted for 86.2% of the population… Read More »

Hungary 1994

Population of Hungary in 1994 In 1994, Hungary had a population of around 10.2 million people. The majority of the population was ethnic Hungarians, accounting for around 90% of the total population. Other ethnic groups present included Roma (4%), Germans (1%) and Slovaks (1%). The remaining 4% of the population were made up of various… Read More »

Hungary Demographics

Hungary is a small landlocked country located in Central Europe, bordered by Slovakia, Austria, Ukraine, Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and Romania. It has an area of 93 thousand square kilometers and a population of 9.7 million people. The capital and largest city is Budapest. Hungary has a temperate climate with cold winters and hot summers. It’s… Read More »

Hungary Foreign Trade

Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. The country has an area of 93,030 square kilometres and a population of around 9.8 million people. According to Petwithsupplies, the capital city of Hungary is Budapest with a population of 1 800 000 (2015). Other major… Read More »

Hungary Agriculture, Fishing and Forestry

According to areacodesexplorer, Hungary is a Central European nation located in the Carpathian Basin. It is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east and southeast, Serbia to the south, Croatia and Slovenia to the southwest, and Austria to the west. Hungary has a total area of 93,030 square… Read More »

Hungary Industry Sectors

According to ezinereligion, Hungary is a landlocked country located in Central Europe, bordered by seven countries. To the north, Hungary shares a border with Slovakia. The two countries are separated by the Danube River and the Little Carpathian Mountains. Slovakia is known for its picturesque mountains, thermal springs, and medieval towns. To the northeast, Hungary… Read More »

Hungary Manufacturing and Mining Sectors

According to extrareference, Hungary is a landlocked country located in Central Europe bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, Slovenia to the west and Austria to the northwest. It has an area of around 93,030 square kilometres and a population of around… Read More »

Origins of 10 Major City Names

Ever wondered why we call Amsterdam that? That may be a bit of a guess, it clearly means ‘dam on the river Amstel’. Rotterdam is the dam on the Rotte. Easy, logical, simple. However, any idea where the word Amstel comes from? Or why London isn’t just called Thames-bridge (after all, it has quite a few bridges over the Thames)? Check… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Countries in the World in 1900

In the year 1900, the world had about 1.65 billion people. Below is a list of countries that in 1900 were among the top 10 largest countries in terms of population. Most of these countries no longer exist in their former form. Check timedictionary for list of top 10 largest countries in North America. 10. European France The… Read More »

Szombathely, Hungary

Located in the very west of Hungary, the city of Szombathely rarely receives the attention of tourists. A significant part of the foreigners visiting this border town are auto travelers traveling to neighboring Austria (only 10 km away) and stopping here for a couple of hours to rest and buy inexpensive food. Few people know… Read More »

Tihany, Hungary

The Tihany peninsula is located on the northern coast of Lake Balaton, the largest lake in Central Europe. This place, called the “Pearl of Balaton” by the locals, is well known as a quiet and peaceful lakeside resort just 140 km southwest of the Hungarian capital, Budapest. There are only a few settlements here, the… Read More »

Esztergom, Hungary

The city of Esztergom can rightly be considered the cradle of Hungarian statehood, it is difficult to overestimate the importance that this beautiful ancient city played in the history of the country. Today, Esztergom has carefully preserved for us visual pictures of its difficult, but long and glorious history. How to get there Esztergom is… Read More »

Hungary Road Network

The autopályá and autóút with 2×2 lanes in Hungary. According to wholevehicles, Hungary has an extensive and well-developed road network. The country is one of the most important links for through traffic between Western and Central Europe to Southern and Eastern Europe. The Hungarian motorway network has been adequately developed and is still being expanded.… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Hévíz, Hungary

The climate of Hévíz According to shopareview, Hévíz is located a stone’s throw from Lake Balaton, near the town of Keszthely, and is one of the oldest inhabited places in Hungary. Hévíz is located on Lake Hévíz, which has been visited since the 18th century for its healing properties. The water temperature of this volcanic… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Győr, Hungary

The climate of Győr According to citypopulationreview, Győr is located in northwestern Hungary, at the mouth of the Rába River. Győr is located near the borders with Slovakia and Austria. The old town of Győr is built in Baroque style and is on the list to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Due… Read More »

Hungary Culture of Business

Subchapters: Introduction Addressing Business Meeting Communication Recommendations Public Holidays Introduction Hungarian business conduct is based on European standards of conduct. You need to prepare well for the meeting, know the market situation, have all the necessary certificates ready, references are an advantage. Addressing Reaching out to market partners requires a lot of attention and preparation.… Read More »

Hungary Basic Information

Basic information about the territory Subchapters: System of governance and political tendencies in the country Foreign policy of the country Population The system of governance and political tendencies in the country Hungary (until 2012 the official name of the country was the Republic of Hungary) is a parliamentary republic, where executive power is exercised by… Read More »