Tag Archives: Study in El Salvador

State of Isthmian Central America, El Salvador is bordered by mostly artificial borders drawn when the current Isthmian republics were formed. Between 1979 and 1992 the country was shaken by a violent civil war; at the beginning of the 2000s its socio-political conditions were still problematic. The economic structures, in fact, continued to be very weak, also due to the political violence that had marked recent and less recent history and that had forced the population to deal with an extremely limited availability of resources. Since then, there has been a slow normalization of political and social relations within the state and a modest and progressive improvement in the average economic conditions. El Salvador is the state with the highest crime rate in Central America. According to COUNTRYAAH, El Salvador is a nation in North America, the capital city of which is San Salvador. The latest population of El Salvador is 6,486,216. TRANSPORTHINT: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in El Salvador, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.
GEOGRAPHY
Territorially, the country occupies a section of the Pacific side of Central America, between the Río Paz (border with Guatemala) and the Gulf of Fonseca. It is an essentially volcanic country that belongs, from a structural point of view, to the outermost and younger strip of the Central American isthmus, subject to frequent seismic movements that indicate settlements in progress. In fact, seismic activity in the country has been recorded since 1576, when the city of San Salvador was destroyed. In the sec. XX, El Salvador was hit by as many as 13 earthquakes of strong intensity and, at the beginning of the century. XXI, within a month, by two other equally violent ones, reactivated by an old fault still moving. A double series of volcanic alignments takes place from the innermost part, where the territory assumes a plateau shape (high on average between 1000 and 1500 m), towards the outside, that is towards the Pacific. A short coastal selvedge, no more than 10-20 km wide and covered by alluvial soils, borders the country to the S; at the south-eastern end opens the Gulf of Fonseca, a recess that corresponds to an interruption of the outermost volcanic alignment (which continues in Nicaragua and, on the opposite side, in Guatemala). It is on this alignment that the most impressive and most recent volcanoes rise: from Santa Ana (2386 m) to San Salvador (1950 m), from Usulután (1453 m) to Izalco, a very “young” volcano which began to form in 1770 and remained active until 1957. Other volcanic groups are the San Vicente or Chichoutepec (2178 m) the San Miguel or Chaparrastique (2132 m). Between the reliefs there are valleys and fertile basins, according to the characteristics of the volcanic morphology, also represented by calderas, crater mouths, various depressions, today mostly occupied by lakes. The hydrographic network includes numerous but short watercourses, which generally descend from the outermost alignment to the coast; a single river, the Río Lempa (212 km), which originates in Guatemala, has a basin of a certain width that extends to the innermost part of the plateau and collects the waters of most of the country; for about fifty kilometers from the mouth, blocked by sandy ebbs, it is partially navigable. The climate is tropical with two seasons, conditioned by the humid contributions from the Caribbean (NE trade winds) and only marginally by the winds from the Pacific. The rains occur in the summer months, from May to October (it is the so-called invierno) with a brief attenuation between August and September (veranillo), a sort of short summer that favors cultivation practices. Overall, however, rainfall is not very abundant, not exceeding an average of 1500 mm per year. Although to a lesser extent than other countries in the area, El Salvador is also subject to hurricanes. The thermal conditions vary from the highlands to the coast: this is in fact part of the tierras calientes and records thermal values ​​fluctuating on average between 26 ° C and 28 ° C, while in the higher areas the temperatures are mitigated by the altitude (23 ° C on average in San Salvador, located at 680 m asl).