Tag Archives: Study in Ecuador

Ecuador extends in the northwestern section of the subcontinent, between the Pacific Ocean, which it faces W for 800 km, and the Amazon basin, which tends towards the E; it also includes the Galápagos archipelago (Islas Galápagos), located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, about a thousand kilometers from the Ecuadorian coast. The borders of Ecuador are conventional: in particular the one with Peru, the subject of long disputes, was recognized by the Ecuadorian government in 1998, and now allows access to the Amazon basin. Ecuador recalls in its name the position straddling the Equator, but its main geographical feature does not consist in this, but in being an Andean state: in the fertile valleys enclosed in the Andes, whose double alignment dominates the middle belt of the country, Ecuador has had its historical and cultural matrix (with the Incas), the origin of the population, the basis of the economy. As far as the economic aspect is concerned, the country experienced an expansion phase until the early 1980s. It is therefore difficult to explain the real collapse that hit him from that decade onwards; the analyzes lead to trace the extreme volatility of the Ecuadorian economy to a chronically unstable political structure, which culminated in the serious institutional crisis of 1997. However, in these early years of the 2000s, there was no lack of opportunities for new development policies. However, the problems to be solved are numerous and of different nature. According to COUNTRYAAH, Ecuador is a nation in South America, the capital city of which is Quito. The latest population of Ecuador is 17,643,065. TRANSPORTHINT: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Ecuador, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.
CLIMATE
Despite the position straddling the Equator, the country has no typically equatorial climatic characteristics except in the East. Although the coast is characterized by constantly high temperatures (in Guayaquil the average in January is 27 ºC, that in July is 25 ºC), throughout the year, it presents the clear alternation between a rainy season (invierno, from December to June), in which the influence of the equatorial moist air masses predominates, and a drier one (verano, from June to December), when the region is subject to the action of dry air masses from the Pacific. However, rainfall is never very abundant; Guayaquil, for example, receives 1000 mm of rain per year, and the extreme southern coastal stretch, lapped by the Humboldt current, or Peru, is even very arid, registering a maximum of 500 mm per year. In the Sierra it is of course the presence of the reliefs that determine the greatest climatic differences. As for temperatures, there is the distinction, typical of the Andean regions, in tierras calientes (the low valleys and the pedemonte), templadas (the central highlands), frías (the areas between 3000-3500 and 4500 m) and heladas (the high altitudes starting from 4500 m, where the limit of perennial snows is set): it goes from an average temperature never lower than 20 ºC for the tierras calientes to the perpetually spring climate of 13-15 ºC in the inter-Andean zone, to colder temperatures, with winter averages even below zero, in the tierras frías, up to the glacial formations of the higher areas. Rainfall is rather scarce in the hoyas, although it varies widely from basin to basin (the wettest is that of Quito, with 1100 mm per year); the rains are rather abundant on the eastern slopes of the mountain ranges, scarce on the western ones. Constantly high temperatures and very abundant rainfall, up to 4000-4500 mm per year, finally has the East, hit all year round by warm and humid air masses of Atlantic origin (NE and SE trade winds).

Ecuador Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, Ecuador is located in northwestern South America, bordering Colombia and Peru. The country is considered relatively safe and is a popular travel destination, mainly because of the Galápagos Islands. With a very varied landscape, visitors will find a wide range of possibilities, from dreamlike beaches to the high mountains in… Read More »

Ecuador Archeology and Ethnology

Although largely subjected to Inca domination and having, especially for the southern districts, absorbed various cultural elements, Ecuador at the beginning of the century. XVI still had numerous populations that preserved purely local arts and traditions, more similar, albeit superior, to the culture of the Colombian Chibcha than to that of the invading Quechua. Among… Read More »

Ecuador Literature

General writings and travel reports: T. Wolf, Geografia y geologia del Ecuador, Leipzig 1892 (work of fundamental importance); W. Sievers, Die Cordillerenstaaten, II: Ecuador, Colombia und Venezuala, Berlin and Leipzig 1913; C. Enock, Ecuador, London 1914; R. Riccardi, Ecuador in its present natural and economic conditions, in Bull. R. soc. Geogr. ital., 1922, pp. 393-424,… Read More »

Ecuador Fauna and Flora

Fauna. – The fauna of Ecuador has a purely neotropical character. Numerous platyrrine monkeys such as varî Cebus, Lagotrix, the common reddish howler monkey (Mycetes seniculus), some Hapale, etc. There are many bats belonging to the region. Insectivores are missing, a fact common to all the neotropical fauna. Carnivorous, artiodactyls, including the Guanaco (Lama guanacus)… Read More »

Ecuador Explorations

Republic of South America. The name comes from the fact that it is crossed by the equatorial line. It borders to N. with Colombia and with Peru, to Ecuador and S. also with Peru; to the West it faces the Pacific with a development coastline of approximately one thousand kilometers. The Galápagos island group, officially… Read More »

Ecuador Communications and Commerce

Communications. – Given the mountainous nature of much of the country, communication between the various regions is not easy. The network of inland waterways is quite extensive: the Guayas, the Daule, the Caracol, the Esmeraldas and the Río de Naranjal are crossed by regular steam navigation services; in the East, rivers are the only means… Read More »

Ecuador 1938

The total population of Ecuador as of January 1935 was estimated at 2,646,600 residents The following table shows the population of the various administrative divisions. In 1935 the population of the most important cities was as follows: Quito, 115,000 residents (with the surroundings, 236,000); Guayaquil, 136,000 (with its surroundings, 200,000); Cuenca, 45,000; Riobamba, 23,000; Ambato,… Read More »

Ecuador 1948

The very long conflict between Ecuador and Peru for the possession of the vast Amazonian territories ended in January 1942 when, following the mediation of other American states, the new border was established between the two republics. This in the first stretch to the West is rather sinuous and following the course of some rivers… Read More »

Ecuador 1961

Surface. – Several new planimetric measurements of the surface of Ecuador have been carried out within the borders established with Peru in 1942, measurements that have given somewhat different results; the most commonly accepted figure is 270,670 km 2. Population. – On November 29, 1950, the first population census gave 3 million 202,757 residents for… Read More »

Ecuador Arts and Music

Ecuador is a state of South America; capital Quito. It borders to the North with Colombia, to the East and to the South with Peru ; to the West it overlooks the Pacific Ocean. It is crossed by the equator, which gives it its name. It belongs to the East. the Galápagos archipelago, 980 km from… Read More »

Ecuador Encyclopedia Online

Physical characters The territory of Ecuador it should be distinguished in a coastal region (Costa), an Andean (Sierra) and an Amazonian (East) region. The Sierra (1/4 of the total area) consists of two ranges, the Western Cordillera and the Eastern (or Royal) Cordillera. There are about forty volcanic systems, many of which are active (Chimborazo,… Read More »

Ecuador 2006

Human and economic geography The political and institutional crisis, which affected the country between 2003 and 2004, has increased the problems of the economy, aggravated by a high rate of unemployment (which has decreased in recent years only thanks to the increase in migratory flows of labor) and the absence of foreign investors. A positive… Read More »

Ecuador Children’s Encyclopedia (2005)

A country of rapid and uneven development Ecuador is a country rich in agricultural and mineral resources (among which oil stands out): but it has an insufficient number of residents to support the national economy, too great social differences, a territory cut off by the Andes and difficult to organize. Wealth is concentrated in a… Read More »

Ecuador Recent History

During the nineties the Indians of Ecuador they assumed an active role – for them completely new – in the economic and political affairs of the nation. In addition to proudly claiming their cultural traditions, the Indians defended, as an alternative to the neoliberal model of development advocated by the parties in power, the collective… Read More »

Ecuador Human and Economic Geography 2000

Population During the nineties, the economic and social conditions of the Ecuador they have progressively improved, even if not all the demographic components of the country have benefited equally. Expression of this evolution is mainly the sharp decline in infant mortality, which fell from 90, 4 ‰ in the late sixties to 34 ‰ in… Read More »

Ecuador Between 1970’s and 1990’s

When, in January 1976, a military triumvirate put an end to the authoritarian but nationalist and modernizing regime of General GR Lara, Ecuador it looked like a different country than in the past. The campaign for oil, with the drastic reduction of the privileges of multinationals and the creation of a public oil company, had… Read More »

Ecuador Arts and Literature

Literature. – The echo of the exuberant production begun around the thirties in Ecuador has not yet died out and several writers belonging to that generation have continued to publish works of considerable importance. Aguilera Malta himself, who had moved to Mexico in those years, published in 1970 his great novel Siete lunas y sei… Read More »

Ecuador Cinema and Arts

Ecuador  is a country made up of a largely Indian population, made the subject of painting as a somatic type, in its customs, in its natural habitat, but without touching the problem of its submission and misery. It is with P. León (1894-1956) that painting emerges from the subordination to the rules and the Indian… Read More »

Ecuador Economy 1992

Population. – According to registry estimates, the population amounted, in 1990, to 10.78 million residents. The notable increase, equal to 48% in just over a decade, was due, in addition to the very high average growth coefficient (2.9% per year in the five-year period 1984-89), to considerable immigration flows. All this has caused extensive urbanization… Read More »

Ecuador in 1960’s

History. – Back in power, Velasco Ibarra appealed to demagogy: he promised land, houses and high wages; at his inauguration he declared null and void (1 September 1960), in general exultation, the treaty reached with difficulty with Peru in 1949, which resolved a thorny question of borders. He appointed the philocastrist M. Araújo Hidalgo as… Read More »

Ecuador 1978

Surface. – The Ecuadorian territory, according to the official data available (see table), extends for km 2 263,777, but according to calculations carried out by the UN the surface would be 283,561 km 2 ; other sources give instead the figure of 281,561 km 2, always including the Galápagos islands. Population. – According to the… Read More »

Ecuador Arts

The excavations carried out in the north of the country along the coasts of Manabí and Esmeraldas, in Azuay and Cañar, have brought to light the traces of a civilization prior to the Incasic conquest and already quite developed in the decoration of domestic objects and in general in the so-called arts. minors. The architecture… Read More »

Ecuador History – Road to Independence

According to the legend of the Scyri, the oldest residents of the current republic of Ecuador would have been the Quitu. Towards the year 800 d. C. the Caras or Scyri invaded their territory, founded the city of Cara, discovered the Esmeraldas River, and became masters of the kingdom. Then followed the invasion of the… Read More »

Ecuador Population and Languages

There are no population data for Ecuador that are the result of regular censuses. A census was carried out in 1900; but the results were never published. In 1889 T. Wolf estimated the population of Ecuador at 1,192,000; at the beginning of the current century, other calculations made it amount to about 1,400,000 residents; recent… Read More »

Ecuador Agriculture

Ecuador is essentially an agricultural country. The differences in the relief and in the climate allow very varied crops, from tropical and subtropical ones to those of temperate and cold regions. The soil is generally very fertile, and it is only for this reason that all the Ecuadorian cultivated fields have a very flourishing aspect;… Read More »

Ecuador Rivers and Moutains

Ecuador is essentially made up of three continental parts, very different from the altimetric and morphological point of view (the coastal region; the Cordillera region; the eastern flat region, “East”), and a insular part, the Colón islands (for which see the appropriate item). The coastal region, approximately 62,000 sq km wide. (20% of the total… Read More »

Ecuador Climate

The factors that influence the climate of Ecuador, in addition to latitude, are the relief and the cold Current of Peru, which laps the southern coasts of the country and, in front of the Gulf of Guayaquil, divides into two arms, one of which continues towards the N. flowing a short distance from the coasts… Read More »

Ecuador Economic Sectors

Livestock farming and fishing. – The breeding, still not very important, is practiced particularly in the area of ​​the plateaus, where epidemics are rare and where the livestock develops very well. Recent but very uncertain statistics give the republic’s livestock as follows: 1,280,000 cattle, 700,000 sheep and goats, 180,000 pigs, 85,000 horses. In the mountainous… Read More »

Ecuador History Summary (2010)

Ecuador is a state of South America. In pre-Inca times three different cultures flourished in the high Andean valleys, on the Pacific coast and in the forests E of the Andes. Between the middle of the 15th century. and the early 16th century the Andean area and the Pacific coast were conquered by the Incas and… Read More »

Ecuador 2015

Demography and economic geography. – State of South America. From a demographic point of view, Ecuador (14,483,499 at the 2012 census, 15,982,551 according to an estimate by UNDESA, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, of 2014) is a very young country (47% of the population is between the ages of 0 and 24)… Read More »