Tag Archives: Study in Czech Republic

Czech Republic, state in Central Europe, mostly inhabited by Czechs (63.7%). The largest non-Catholic churches are the Evangelical Church of the Bohemian Brethren, the Czechoslovak Hussite Church and the Silesian Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in the Czech Republic. Orthodox Christians belong to the Orthodox Church in the Czech countries and Slovakia. According to COUNTRYAAH, Czech Republic is a nation in Eastern Europe, the capital city of which is Prague. The latest population of Czech Republic is 10,708,992. MYSTERYAROUND: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Czech Republic, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.

The central part of the country is the Bohemian Basin, which is surrounded on the edges by low mountain ranges (Bohemian Forest, Ore Mountains, Sudetes). The March valley joins the south-east over the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands. In agriculture, wheat, barley, sugar beet, potatoes, fruit, vegetables and hops are grown, and there is also animal husbandry. The focus of industry, based on hard coal and lignite deposits, is heavy industry and mechanical engineering, followed by the chemical industry. There is also the building materials, electrotechnical and food industries. Several recreational areas are important, including the spa triangle Karlsbad – Marienbad – Franzensbad.

History: After the collapse of Austria-Hungary, the areas of Bohemia and Moravia became part of the newly founded in 1918 Czechoslovakia, which was transformed into a federal state of Czechs and Slovaks in 1969 through the formation of a “Czech Socialist Republic” and a “Slovak Socialist Republic”. In 1990 the state was renamed the “Czech and Slovak Federal Republic” (ČSFR). The Czech Republic has been an independent republic since 1993; the first state president was Václav Havel (until 2003), from 2003–13 Václav Klaus (* 1941) held this office, since 2013 Miloš Zeman (* 1944) has been the state president. In 2004 the Czech Republic joined the European Union.
The climate is influenced by the ocean and has temperate continental features in the eastern part. However, there are regional differences due to the relief. The mildest climatic conditions are found in the hilly regions and river valleys on the Biela, Eger and Elbe as well as the South Moravian Basin. The average January temperature fluctuates in the lowlands between -1 ° and -3 ° C (mean July temperature 19-21 ° C), in the mountains of the Bohemian Massif around -7 ° C (8 ° C), in the Carpathians around -10 ° C (4 ° C). The amount of precipitation varies greatly; There is little precipitation (less than 500 mm, sometimes less than 450 mm per year) in western Bohemia, southern Moravia and the Moravian-Silesian region around Opava. To the east and to the windward side of the peripheral mountains, the annual amount of precipitation increases to 700 mm and in the border mountains to over 1,000 mm (in the Moravian-Silesian Beskids over 1,500 mm).

The flora is similar to that of other Central European countries. About a third of the territory is forested, especially the low mountain range around the Bohemian Massif and the Western Carpathians. The tree line is 1,300 m, with coniferous forests growing below it, and in the lower regions mixed and deciduous forests with oaks, beeches and birches. In the dry basin landscapes in northern Bohemia and southern Moravia, sparse pine and oak forests can be found. The rainy Bohemian Forest is mainly covered by coniferous forest (especially spruce). Here is also the one with 681 km 2 largest national park in the republic (Šumava). Decades of pollutant emissions from coal-fired power plants in Northern Bohemia caused severe damage to forests, especially in the Giant, Jizera and Ore Mountains.