Tag Archives: Study in Chile

This state occupies the southwestern section of South America; the continental territory, with an extremely particular configuration, corresponds to a strip of land between the watershed of the Andes and the coast of the Pacific Ocean, on average 175 km wide and 4300 km long from the northern border to the southern cusp (Cape Horn), which represents even the extreme limit of the continent. The distant islands of the Pacific are subject to Chilean sovereignty: Islas Desventuradas, Juan Fernández and Easter Island, located in Oceania. Chilean are the islands of the Beagle Canal (Picton, Nueva and Lennox). The precise adherence of political borders to physical geography is at the origin of the curious design of the country, largely open to the ocean, but separated from the rest of South America by the Andean barrier. Despite this apparent separateness, Chile has not escaped the political history of the subcontinent, made up of instability, alternation between nominally liberal or even progressive governments and heavy dictatorships (which had in the Chilean general Pinochet one of its highlights). It became independent very early on from other South American countries (in 1818), and at the beginning of the year 2000 it consolidated a prominent position in the world rankings for well-being indices. The newfound international credibility and the solidity of the financial system have attracted significant amounts of investment from abroad. Its position on the Pacific, which has become the center of gravity of increasingly intense and alternative relations to the consolidated Atlantic area, assumes ever more strategic importance; Chile therefore sees its expansion margins widen. In short, a country projected towards new horizons of integration, with the aim of erasing the shadows of the past. According to COUNTRYAAH, Chile is a nation in South America, the capital city of which is Santiago. The latest population of Chile is 19,116,212. TRANSPORTHINT: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Chile, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.
Due to the latitudinal development and altimetric differences, the Chilean climate is subject to very strong variations; however, it presents a curious anomaly by the performance of the isotherms and of the same isoiete, which to some extent reduces the differences between N and S, which are very marked. Among the factors for which isotherms and isoiets generally tend to arrange themselves in the meridian direction, there is the uninterrupted closure to continental influences, given the Andean barrier, and the corresponding complete opening to oceanic influences and above all the presence of the Humboldt current., which laps the coasts of the country, helping to level the temperatures, especially during the austral summer (in January in Antofagasta, in the extreme N, there is an average of 19 ºC; in Puerto Aisén, 2000 km further south, 15 ºC); it is also responsible to a large extent, with its condensing action of the humidity brought by the sea winds, of the great aridity that invests northern Chile (in the Atacama desert the rains can be absent for several years). The temperatures, however, do not know the excesses of other desert areas, as they are mitigated by the altitude. The rainfall progressively increases towards the S; in the median section of the country, rainfall reaches values ​​of 500-1000 mm per year and occurs mainly during the southern winter: therefore,, a Mediterranean-type climate, mild (annual average of 16 ºC, with limited temperature variations), little rain and very suitable for settlement. Southern Chile, on the other hand, is characterized by a temperate-cold oceanic climate, very rainy (in the archipelagos, up to 4000 mm of rain fall per year). However, temperatures do not know the harshness of continental climates: Punta Arenas, on the Strait of Magellan, has an average temperature of 10 ºC in summer, 1 ºC in winter. From N to S the limit of perennial snow varies greatly, passing from 5000 m to less than 1000 m in the southern part; in Tierra del Fuego, where the climate is decidedly subantarctic, the glaciers descend directly to the sea. Only in the northern and middle section of Chile is the distinction in tierras calientes, tierras templadas and tierras frías, characteristic of the Andean countries.

Chile Travel Facts

Located in South America, based on map by DigoPaul, Chile stretches 4,300 kilometers from north to south. The country borders Argentina, Bolivia and Peru. In terms of landscape, it is perhaps the most interesting country in South America. Tierra del Fuego, the Andes, Patagonia, volcanoes, the Atacama Desert and much more are a paradise for… Read More »

Chile Agriculture and Industries

Agriculture. – The different climatic conditions make it possible to divide Chile into several different cultivation and production regions. Only in the central region the mild climate and the sufficiency of the rains allow a profitable agricultural exploitation. Here, too, three areas can be distinguished. To the north, between Copiapó and Aconcagua, a first zone… Read More »

Chile 1938

Demographics (p. 58). – An evaluation of January 1937 raises the population to 4,552,000 residents The number of foreigners in the 1930 census (see the data in the following table) was lower than that given by the 1920 census: 105,463, of which 23,439 Spaniards, 11,070 Italians, 10,861 Germans, 10,366 Bolivians, 7048 Argentines, 6223 Peruvians, 5292… Read More »

Chile History (1938)

The index of the political situation in Chile in 1930 was given by the fact that in February the president Chile Ibáñez assumed extraordinary powers for a period of 6 months. This was followed by the resignations of the interior minister, E. Bermudez, and the minister of justice, O. Koch, which was later followed by… Read More »

Chile Economy 1948

Explorations (X, p. 55). In December 1939-January 1940 by a Swiss expedition, led by Arnold Heim, the area located west of Lake Buenos Aires in Chilean Patagonia was explored for the first time. Demographic data (X, p. 58; App. I, p. 409). – The 1940 census makes the population amount to 5,023,539 residents, That is… Read More »

Chile Economy 1961

Explorations. – In 1955-56 an exploratory expedition was carried out in the Chilean part of Tierra del Fuego, under the direction of his father AM De Agostini and with the participation of the geographer G. Morandini. Among other things, the ascents to the peaks of M. Sarmiento and M. Italia were carried out, topographical and… Read More »

Chile Architecture 1991

The last thirty years of the history of Chilean architecture is of great importance as it is a period of time that embraces various and important events. The 1960s were in fact the last stage in the maturation of modern architecture in Chile. The following period, which goes from 1970 to 1979, is characterized by… Read More »

Chile Encyclopedia of Cinema (2003)

The cinema made its entrance in Chile shortly after the Parisian screenings of the Lumière brothers, but it was only in 1902 that the first national production took place. It was Un ejercicio general de bomberos, a documentary short film shot by a group of anonymous pioneers. To see a fictional film we had to… Read More »

Chile Human and Economic Geography 2006

South American state. The country’s demographic dynamics are characterized by a sustained increase (1.1 % the annual average in the 2000-2005 period), and in the statistical survey conducted in 2002 the population was equal to 15,116,435 residents (estimated, in 2005, at 16,295,00o residents), 86.6 % of which concentrated in urban areas. The agglomeration headed by… Read More »

Chile Children’s Encyclopedia (2005)

The longest country in the world Almost all climates are represented in Chile, stretching from the Tropic to Antarctica to form a thin strip at the foot of the Andes. Rich in sea, mountains and minerals, very poor in arable land, it is an excellent example of a country with many resources, but held back… Read More »

Chile History From 1964 to 1974 Part I

President J. Alessandri (1958-1964), slightly prevailing over the socialist Allende, faced the task of reviving the Chilean economy. The effort to boost industrialization, however, went to the detriment of agriculture, while copper exports faced disastrous international competition. The financial situation led the government to impose austerity measures, with a wage freeze. The cost of living… Read More »

Chile History From 1964 to 1974 Part III

The elections of March 6, 1973, held regularly despite the stormy pre-electoral period, surprisingly strengthened Allende’s position in the House and Senate (43.39% of the votes), who nevertheless always remained in a minority situation. Christian democracy, allied to the right for the occasion, obtained 54.7% of the votes with a large contribution from women. The… Read More »

Chile History From 1964 to 1974 Part II

It was then observed that “the old oligarchic and pro-imperialist reaction had seen the realization of its eternal nightmare: the irruption of the working class into the ministries”. Allende’s program was well-known and centered on nationalizations, on replacing the bicameral Congress with a People’s Assembly, on expropriations of large haciendas. in favor of peasant cooperatives,… Read More »

Chile – Autocratic Republic Part I

O ‘Higgins’ government and internal disputes. – The first leader of free Chile continued his close collaboration with San Martín, in the struggle for the liberation of Peru. He had a fleet armed, which, although small in number, nevertheless managed to secure dominion over the ocean; then, when the Argentine government declared that it was… Read More »

Chile – Autocratic Republic Part II

The new conflict in which Chile found itself engaged had its origins in the colonial period itself. The South American republics, at the time of independence, were in fact established on the principle of the Uti possidetis, that is, of the borders that the ancient colonies had at the time of Spanish rule. But since… Read More »

Chile Arts and Music Part II

Figurative arts Architecture. – Before 1780 there were no buildings with artistic value in Chile. The first architect, to whom the construction of public buildings was commissioned by royal order, was the Roman Gioacchino Toesca, who raised the Mint in Santiago, which was then transformed into the residence of the presidents of the republic and… Read More »

Chile History Part I

Started by Spain in 1535, the conquest of Chile was made difficult by the resistance of the Araukani Indians. Until the 19th century. the control of the Spaniards was unable to extend to the S of the Bío-Bío River, but in the region they occupied, the merger with the local Amerindian population resulted in a… Read More »

Chile History Part II

In September 1973 a coup d’état put an end to the Unidad popular experience (Allende himself was killed during the assault on the presidential palace) and power was assumed by a military junta, chaired by General A. Pinochet Ugarte (proclaimed President of the Republic in 1974), which suspended the Constitution, dissolved Congress and prohibited any… Read More »

Chile Literature

Chile from the first century of the conquest reached an original artistic physiognomy. The historical-epic inspiration, of which Alonso de Ercilla ‘s Araucana is an example, remained alive and fruitful, representing the most genuine attitudes of that people. That first poem (1569), the work of a Spaniard educated in classical and Italian forms, which sings… Read More »

Chile Literature 1978

The tradition of the regionalist and “Indianist” novel remained alive for a long time, through the narrative works of J. Marín (1900-1963), who devoted himself to the world of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, or R. Maluenda (1885) -1963), L. Durand (1895-1954) and M. Brunet (1901-1967), evocative of a society of peasants, underclass and remote… Read More »

Chile Literature in the 20th Century

In the 20th century novel. the interest in the criollo environment is accentuated and starting from the Cuentos de Maule (1912) by M. Latorre the life in the fields, the struggle of man with the land constitute the central nucleus of the narrative. Venidos a menos (1916) by R. Maluenda, followed by Colmena urbano (1937),… Read More »

Chile Literature Since the 16th Century

Since the 16th century. Chile reaches an original artistic physiognomy. The historical-epic inspiration, of which the poem by A. de Ercilla La Araucana (1569-89) is an example, which exalts the Chilean people defender of their freedom, remains fruitful. The Arauco domado (1590-96) by P. de Oña and the Cautiverio feliz (1673) by Br. Núñez de… Read More »

Chile Maritime Communications and Merchant Marine

The layout of Chile facing the Pacific Ocean and the volume of trade between the different regions of the country put the problem of navigation in the foreground. In fact, the railways maintain a subordinate importance, since the longitudinal railroad cannot compete, for tariffs, with the ships that operate cabotage services. The importance of the… Read More »

Chile Music and Cinema

Music With the creation, in 1929, of the Facultad de Bellas Artes at the Universidad de Chile, a real process of institutional consolidation began in Chilean musical life, which extended throughout the 1930s. The musical section of the faculty, which from 1949 was autonomously constituted as Facultad de Cencias y Artes Musicales, immediately carried out,… Read More »

Chile Population and History

Population In the last three decades the Chilean population has more than doubled (14,824,000 residents In 1998) and the population growth is expected to be rapid also in the next few years, so much so that economic growth cannot keep up with it. Furthermore, the tendency to reside in urban areas and in particular in… Read More »

Chile Vegetation and Flora

It is customary to distinguish three successive zones in the Chilean flora, proceeding from north to south: 1. northern or desert, 2. central temperate – dry or transitional, 3. southern temperate – humid and forest. The northern district consists, for the most part, of the Atacama desert, one of the poorest regions of vegetation known;… Read More »

Chile Recent History Part II

Meanwhile, the voices of dissent from civil society began to make themselves heard: the movements of the poblaciones (poor neighborhoods similar to bidonvilles), the student federation and the trade union movement, which sought to overcome the corporate sphere to which the regime had confined it, revitalizing federations and leading to the creation of a kind… Read More »

Chile Recent History Part I

The regime established in 1973, despite having a certain consensus on the part of some social sectors that had opposed the government of Popular Unity, was unable to develop an ideology that would channel the support of large and diversified layers of civil society. In terms of economic policy, after a brief phase of gradualism… Read More »

Chile – The Age of Struggle for Independence

In these conditions Chile was at the end of the century. XVIII. Poorer than other Spanish colonies in South America, but with the same fundamental contrast between Creoles and Spaniards, with the same intolerance on the part of the natives towards many of the systems of government of the metropolis. In addition, with a particular… Read More »