Tag Archives: Study in Bolivia

Bolivia, officially Spanish Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia [- plurinal jo’nal də ß o li ß i a], German Plurinational State of Bolivia, the state in South America, without access to the sea (2018) 11.3 million residents; The capital is Sucre. According to COUNTRYAAH, Bolivia is a nation in South America, the capital city of which is Sucre. The latest population of Bolivia is 11,673,032. TRANSPORTHINT: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Bolivia, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.

COUNTRY OVERVIEW
Bolivia is a presidential republic in western South America. The capital is Sucre, but the seat of government is the metropolis of La Paz. The Andean state, named after the freedom fighter S. Bolívar , is the only landlocked country in South and Central America besides Paraguay. Bolivia lost its access to the sea in the saltpeter war (1879-83). Climatically, the country belongs to the tropics. Its diverse landscapes range from glaciated Andean peaks in the west to the tropical lowlands in the east. The core area is the 3,500 m high highlands that lie between the west and east. Here and in the high valleys, around 80% of the population live on 40% of the country’s area. 37% of Bolivians belong to indigenous peoples. They fight for political and economic equality with the descendants of indigenous and white parents (59%) and whites (3%). In Bolivia, one of the poorest countries in Latin America, almost 40% of the population live below the poverty line. Around 75% of the citizens are Catholic, around 16% are Protestants, Evangelicals or Pentecostals. The diversity of the Bolivian ethnic groups is reflected in the language and culture. Spanish is mainly spoken in the cities, whereas the 36 indigenous languages ​​are spoken in the countryside. Architecture, art, literature and music are shaped by the legacy of the Spanish colonial era, indigenous influences and modern cultural trends. The present national territory was part of the Inca Empire until it was conquered by Spain in 1538. In 1825 it became an independent republic. Lossy wars against Chile and Paraguay, military revolts and frequent changes of government, strikes and guerrilla fights shaped the history of the country. In 2005 a representative of the indigenous population was elected president for the first time, the socialist E. Morales . There is a lot of power associated with this office. The state president is both head of state and head of government and determines the guidelines for foreign policy. Although Bolivia is rich in mineral resources such as tin, iron, gold, silver and natural gas, industrialization is making slow progress. The most important trading partners are Brazil, Argentina, the USA and China.

Bolivia Geography

The natural area of Bolivia is extremely multifaceted and also includes extremes. Due to the diverse topographical conditions in the country, there is a rich variety of plants, flowers and trees. There are also various bodies of water that influence the landscape and climate. In Bolivia there are also extreme differences in the altitude of… Read More »

Geographical Location of Bolivia

Location of Bolivia in the middle of South America Bolivia is a landlocked country in the heart of South America (17 00 S and 65 00 W), surrounded by Brazil (border length 3,423 km) in the north and east, Paraguay (750 km) and Argentina (832 km) in the south and Chile (869 km) km) and… Read More »

Bolivia Population

Social policy With regard to social policy, the MAS government pursued a policy of redistributing state revenues in the early years. In addition, Bolivia was able to benefit from the high world market price and the good conditions for gas sales to Argentina and Brazil until 2014. The Bolivian state was not only able to… Read More »

Bolivia Natural Resources and Climate Change

Natural resources The Uyuni Salt Lake The Madidi National Park The national parks Noel Kempff Mercado (registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List), Madidi, Tunari, Eduardo Avaroa Andean fauna, Kaa-lya del Gran Chaco and Carrasco are among the many protected areas (see also Amazonia) of Bolivia. These national parks are not only important for Bolivia’s… Read More »

Bolivia Ecological Problems

Deforestation Despite its size and low population density, as well as poor industrial development, the country’s environmental problems are considerable. The main reasons for this are the inadequate use of sensitive ecosystems by people and the lack of enforcement of existing environmental laws. Perhaps the most serious is deforestation, to which, according to various reports,… Read More »

Bolivia Politics

The pre-Columbian cultures Bolivia’s roots go back much further than the arrival of the Spaniards or the Inca Empire. According to thesciencetutor, it is no coincidence that Peru and Bolivia are considered the cradles of the pre-Columbian civilization in South America. This is important to keep in mind, because today’s indigenous population (Aymaras, Quechuas, Guaranís,… Read More »

Bolivia Recent History

Spanish conquest and colonial rule Cerro Rico de Potosí View of the old coin in Potosí When the Spaniards arrived in present-day Peru in 1531, the Inca Empire was divided between the Atahuallpa and Huascar brothers. This situation made the capture and murder of the last Inca ruler Atahuallpa by the Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro… Read More »

The Republic of Bolivia Until 1952

Simón Bolivar Antonio José de Sucre Andrés de Santa Cruz On August 6, 1825, the representatives of the high Peruvian provinces met in a constituent assembly and declared the independence of their territory and the establishment of the Republic of Bolivia. It should not be overlooked, however, that only a fraction of the population has… Read More »

Presidential Elections in Bolivia

The 2019 presidential election The renewed candidacy of the duo Evo Morales / Álvaro García Linera for the office of President and Vice-President was a scandal for many viewers. Since their currently ending third term in office is an open breach of the constitution – the new Bolivian constitution passed under the MAS in 2009… Read More »

Bolivia Political Development

Evo Morales in front of the congress Domestically, Morales was able to steadily consolidate his power since the beginning of his term in office, although the country was strongly polarized at the beginning. Morales used among other things a with-us-or-against-us rhetoric, which the members of the government apparatus and their employees divided into supporters and… Read More »

Bolivia Relations with Other Countries

Based on clearly anti-capitalist and anti-American discourses, Bolivia, Venezuela, Cuba, Ecuador and Nicaragua were close allies until a few years ago and formed the “Bolivarian Alliance of the Americas” (ALBA) according to thedressexplorer. But this close relationship has waned significantly after Hugo Chavez’s death and the fall in crude oil prices. With the assumption of… Read More »

Bolivia Foreign Policy

Bolivia at the 7th Summit of the Americas in Panama in April 2015 No access to the sea for Bolivia Historically, Bolivian foreign policy has been largely dominated by the drive to regain sea access to the Pacific. This has increased under Evo Morales. To date, the government has invested a remarkable amount of political… Read More »

Bolivia Economic Sectors

Cattle farming in the lowlands The most important economic sectors for Bolivia are natural gas and oil production, mining (zinc, tin and silver) and agriculture (soy, coffee, corn, rice and, in recent years, quinoa). Since the beginning of the millennium, natural gas deposits have proven to be the economic backbone of the country. Especially between… Read More »

Bolivia Economy

Bolivia Economy Estimated GDP: US $ 40.3 billion (World Bank 2018) Income per capita: 6,886 US $ (HDR 2018) Rank of human development: Rank 114 (HDI 2019) Proportion of poverty (under $ 1.90 per day): 9.7% (HDI 2018) Distribution of income (Gini): 44.6 (HDR 2018) Economic Transformation Index (BTI): Rank 66 of 137 (BTI 2020)… Read More »

Current Economic Situation Bolivia

According to the IMF, economic growth in Bolivia developed positively in the period 2006-2015 and rose to 5% per year. One of the main reasons for this was the tripling of government revenues from exports, which in turn was not only a consequence of the increase in exports (mainly natural gas, but also agricultural products… Read More »

Bolivia Foreign Trade and Debt

Mine entrance in Potosi Refinery in Tarija, 2006 Foreign trade The exports Until a few years ago, Bolivia’s foreign trade situation had developed positively for almost a decade. In 2016, the country’s most important exports were natural gas (32%) and traditional export products such as minerals (tin, zinc, gold and silver are particularly important here).… Read More »

Bolivia Development and Development Cooperation

Poverty and Poverty Reduction German-Bolivian cooperation At the heart of the reform policy of the former President Sánchez de Lozada (1993-97) was the ” Participación Popular ” (People’s Participation Act). It transferred decision-making authority for health, schools, road construction, irrigation and culture to the communities. In order for them to be able to perform these… Read More »

Bolivia Gender Ratio

With the return to democracy at the beginning of the 1980’s, a period of opening up of Bolivian society began, which was accompanied by the establishment of a number of NGOs dedicated to improving the situation of women in Bolivian society. During the three decades that followed, the women’s movement achieved various successes, culminating in… Read More »

Education and Religion in Bolivia

Education Sign of the school of Chacahuaya The rural school in Chacahuaya School bell in rural Bolivia The educational system has undergone significant reforms over the past two decades. There were two reforms: in 1994, during the tenure of Sánchez de Lozada, the promotion of bilingual and participatory education was introduced and more space was… Read More »

Travelling to Bolivia

Currency: Boliviano (BOB) Exchange rate: 7.69 per € (BCB, Dec. 2019) Time zone: CET -5 Country code (phone): +591 Climate (for seat of government): subtropical mountain climate International Airports (IATA): VVI (Santa Cruz), LPB (El Alto / La Paz), CBB (Cbba) Entry and residence regulations Bolivian visa No visa is required to enter Bolivia as… Read More »

Living in Bolivia

Security Road blockade on the Altiplano According to homosociety, Bolivia is one of the safest countries in Latin America. In view of the still widespread poverty, this appears to be a paradox, but corresponds to reality, even if there has been a significant increase in crime in recent years. This particularly applies to the lowlands… Read More »

Bolivia Culture

Colonial Paintings Contemporary painting Before the presidency of Evo Morales, the dominant culture in the country’s major cities was the so-called Western culture of Europeans and the bourgeoisie. However, a clear influence of Indian culture can also be found in art, literature, music and architecture of the colonial era, which has led to an independent… Read More »

Stay Healthy in Bolivia

Bolivia Life Current coronavirus warning Due to the current coronavirus epidemic, the Federal Foreign Office has issued a general travel warning that is updated regularly. Information about return campaigns for stranded German vacationers is also posted here. Travel in the country is currently not possible. Further information can also be found on the website of… Read More »

Bolivia Overview

Map of Republic of Bolivia The Republic of Bolivia, which has existed since 1825, derives its name from Simón Bolivar and was re-established as the Plurinational State of Bolivia in 2009 to take account of the existence of the various indigenous peoples in the country. According to travelationary, Bolivia is a landlocked country in the… Read More »

TOEFL Test Centers in Bolivia

The TOEFL iBT test is offered in this location. The list below shows testing regions, fees and dates as of February 15, 2019, but availability may change when you register. Fees are shown in US$ and are subject to change without notice. To find the most up-to-date list of available test centers (including addresses), dates and times, click the button… Read More »