Tag Archives: Study in Antigua and Barbuda

State of the outer arc of the Lesser Antilles, in the Leeward group. Includes the islands Antigua (280 km²), Barbuda (160.5 km²) and the tiny and uninhabited Redonda (1.5 km²). Discovered at the end of the fifteenth century, the islands were colonized in the seventeenth century by the British, who brought black slaves to work on the sugar cane plantations. The country still strongly reveals the previous colonial experience (the state became completely independent only in 1981): the official language is English, in addition to Creole, and even some land rules are the same as two centuries ago. Antigua and Barbuda are quite different from each other: the former, which is home to the capital Saint John’s, is densely populated and looks like the typical islands of the West Indies, with brightly painted houses and crowded markets full of goods; the second lives more relaxed and peaceful times, while the population is still very attached to traditions. After having been characterized for a long time by a predominantly agricultural economy, the small country today bases much of its wealth on tourism. According to COUNTRYAAH, Antigua and Barbuda is a nation in North America, the capital city of which is Saint John’s. The latest population of Antigua and Barbuda is 97,940.

THE COUNTRY
Former British colony until 1967, the state of Antigua and Barbuda has been a constitutional monarchy since 1981. Head of State is the sovereign of the United Kingdom, represented by a governor general who appoints the prime minister, who is entrusted with executive power. Legislative power is delegated instead to the Senate, whose members are appointed by the governor general and the Chamber of Deputies, whose members are elected for a five-year term. The judicial system is based on the British Common Law. Justice is administered by the Supreme Court of the Eastern Caribbean, which is based on the island of Saint Lucia. The death penalty is in effect. The defense of the state is entrusted to a national force; military service is voluntary and is carried out from 18 years of age. Education is compulsory and free for 11 years, starting from 5 years of age. Primary school lasts 7 years, secondary school 5, divided into three years and two years. Higher education is taught at Antigua State College. There is also a branch of the University of the West Indies. The illiteracy rate, although lower than that of many countries in the Caribbean area, concerns almost one sixth of the population (1.1%).

GEOGRAPHY
The largest island, Antigua, has a calcareous and coral nature, with only one prominent peak, Mount Boggy (402 m); the island of Barbuda is completely flat and is of coral origin. The climate is dry with fairly constant maximum temperatures, around 27 ° C in winter and 30 ° C in summer, and modest rainfall.