Tag Archives: Study in Albania

Albania, republic in Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea. The country is mostly mountainous; the once marshy coastal area is now drained. Economically, Albania is one of the poorest countries in Europe; the majority of those in employment work in agriculture. The most important mineral resources are petroleum and chrome ore. The main port is Durrës. According to COUNTRYAAH, Albania is a nation in Southern Europe, the capital city of which is Tirana. The latest population of Albania is 2,877,808. MYSTERYAROUND: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Albania, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.

History: In ancient times the country was subjugated by Rome, in the Middle Ages it was partly ruled by Bulgaria, then by Byzantium, and since 1343 by the Serbs. Since 1468 it was under Turkish rule; it was during this period that most of the Albanians became Muslims. In 1912 Albania became independent as a principality; It became a republic in 1925 and a kingdom in 1928. In 1939 Italy annexed the country.

In 1946 Albania became a People’s Republic under the leadership of Enver Hoxha (1908–85). In 1961 there was a break with the Soviet Union; In 1968 the country withdrew from the Warsaw Pact. After a long period of close ties with China (until 1979), Albania pursued a policy of complete self-isolation. In the course of the political changes in Eastern Europe, the first free parliamentary elections took place in 1991. Since then, Albania has endeavored to become closer to the international community (EU, NATO) and to improve its relations with neighboring countries. The major problems of domestic politics, however, hinder the country’s development to this day. In 2009 Albania was admitted to NATO. Ilir Meta (* 1969) has been President of the Republic since 2017.

RELIGION
The constitution (Article 24) guarantees religious freedom and expressly excludes the establishment of a state religion (Article 10). The Islamic religious community (including the dervish order of the Bektaschi), the Catholic and the Orthodox Church are recognized by the state as traditional religions of Albania in the legal status of legal persons. The other religious communities acquire the legal status of non-profit associations after the mandatory registration with the State Secretariat for Religions. Specific questions relating to relations between the state and the Catholic Church are regulated in the concordat-like agreement concluded between the government and the Holy See in 2002 (supplemented by an additional agreement in 2007).

According to the 2011 census, in which around 20% of respondents refused to provide information on the optional question of religious affiliation, around 57% of the population were Sunni Muslims, around 10% Catholic (center: Shkodër with a seminary) and around 7% Albanian -orthodox Christians. Until the end of the communist era, Protestantism was no longer represented in Albania – with the exception of a few underground Adventists; Since 1991 a number of evangelical mission societies have been established. About 2% of the population belong to the Islamic Sufi brotherhood of the Bektashi. The historical roots of the Jewish community (around 100 Jews still live in the country today) go back to Roman times. Only 2.5% of those questioned described themselves as atheists.

Religious policy under communist rule has followed an increasingly restrictive course since 1946 and culminated in religious legislation in the 1970s that was unique in its legal hostility to religion in the former communist states. First of all, the freedom of opinion and belief guaranteed in the 1946 constitution was severely restricted from 1949 by religious decrees, in 1967 public religious practice was prohibited and Albania was declared the “first atheistic state in the world”. There was a cautious change in religious policy after the death of E. Hoxha (1985); however, the formal lifting of the religious ban did not take place until 1990. On the part of the state, the remaining mosque, church and monastery buildings were returned to the religious communities, which began to rebuild their organizational structures. In 1991 the Council of Albanian Muslims was reconstituted; In 1992, for the first time in 50 years, Catholic bishops were appointed and the Ecumenical Patriarch initiated the reconstitution of the Albanian Orthodox Church.

GRE Test Centers in Albania

GRE Testing Locations Decided to take GRE exam? Now it is time to determine where to take the test.  This site provides a full list of GRE testing centers in Albania, among which, you can choose one that is nearest to you. Good news is that the following GRE test locations in Albania offer both GRE… Read More »

SAT Test Centers and Dates in Albania

According to the College Board, there are 4 test centers for SAT and SAT Subject Tests in Albania. Please note that before you register either of the SAT exams, you should choose your test date and test location. Each testing location is affiliated with an educational institution, such as high school, community college, or university.… Read More »

TOEFL Test Centers in Albania

The TOEFL iBT test is offered in this location. The list below shows testing regions, fees and dates as of February 15, 2019, but availability may change when you register. Fees are shown in US$ and are subject to change without notice. To find the most up-to-date list of available test centers (including addresses), dates and times, click the button… Read More »