Tag Archives: Study in Afghanistan

An Islamic country with a Sunni majority, Afghanistan is divided in two by the imposing Hindukush chain, a geographical watershed between the northern steppes and the agricultural regions of the southern slopes, and is closed in the far north-east by the Pamir mountains, which Marco Polo called it “the roof of the world”. Territory of contact between large neighboring regions, Afghanistan has long been a melting pot of different languages ​​and cultures (Indian, Chinese, Persian, but also Greek and Arabic) as well as the cradle of the main religions: here were born Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism and Buddhism, brought by merchants and monks to China and Japan via the Silk Road, and Islamism developed hereorigins, based on the revolutionary precepts of justice and equality. This is a set of elements which over time has made it difficult to form a national identity and socio-territorial unity, as the war events that marked the beginning of the millennium still strongly testify. Geographical borders were also defined only in colonial times, when the country assumed the role of buffer state in the Central Asian chessboard. Seat of one of the oldest cities in the world (Balkh, center of Buddhist, Altaic and Persian art and architecture) and expression of one of the most flourishing and refined empires in history, the Timurid one, responsible for the fusion of Central Asian and Persian cultures of fundamental importance for the future of Afghanistan, the country was also prey to Mongols, Uzbeks, Persians first, and a land of occupation by Soviets, Taliban and Americans later. Afghanistan has therefore lived its centrality and heterogeneity condition for millennia without knowing how to draw expendable advantages for internal development that is truly mature and stable. According to COUNTRYAAH, Afghanistan is a nation in Southern Asia, the capital city of which is Kabul. The latest population of Afghanistan is 38,928,357. ACEINLAND: Lists and descriptions of main religions and beliefs in Afghanistan, including religion demographics and statistics on Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.
The valleys are generally wide and crossed by rivers that in spring, when the snow melts, become tumultuous. They are part of three distinct basins, corresponding to the three sides that are the first regional division of the country: to the N they flow into the Amudarja, to the E in the Indus valley, to the S in the Helmand, the largest river in Afghanistan., or they end in endorheic depressions including that of Gaud-i-Zirreh occupied by extensive marshes and salt lakes. A large section of the area, to the E of this, is constituted by the dune desert of Rīgestān.

Aridity, as in all of Southwest Asia, is essentially the result of an excess of continentality. The sad-u-bist ruz (wind of 120 days) which blows constantly and violently between Khorāsān and Sistān is also due to the high pressures of Central Asia, in the SW of the country, at the end of the summer. In the winter and spring periods, with the zenith shift of the Sun and the easing of the high pressures, precipitation occurs. However, they are scarce: they vary from 50 to 150 mm in the plains and rise up to 300 mm on the reliefs and in the eastern section, marginally exposed to monsoon influences. The strong diurnal and seasonal temperature variations are due to the continentality and general altitude of the country; the average temperature is 12-13 ºC, passing, in Kabul, from a winter average of 0 ºC to a summer average of 25 ºC. In the southern and eastern sections there is an almost tropical climate, generally mild, which allows Mediterranean crops.

Afghanistan Overview

Independence Day: August 19, 1919 Head of state: Mohammad Ashraf Ghani Head of government: Mohammad Ashraf Ghani Political system: Presidential Republic Democracy Status Index (BTI): Rank 118 of 137 (2020) Corruption Index (CPI): Rank 173 of 180 (2019) Afghanistan History Country impressions The American photographer and photojournalist Steve McCurry shows atmospheric pictures from Afghanistan. Incidentally,… Read More »

Natural Conditions of Afghanistan

You can think of Afghanistan as a hand with its back up, pointing from northeast to southwest. The back of the hand corresponds to the main ridge of the Hindu Kush, the peaks of which rise over 7000 m, the splayed fingers form the mountain ranges that extend from the Hindu Kush. The most important… Read More »

Ecological Problems in Afghanistan

Band-e Amir Calvin Wilhelm Environmental policy plays a rather subordinate role in Afghanistan because of the more pressing problems. Framework legislation for the protection of nature was only created in 2006, and the environmental law came into force in January 2007. Nonetheless, the environmental problems are serious, because the war has also led to serious… Read More »

Socio-geographical Conditions in Afghanistan

Afghanistan Population distribution in the grid In Afghanistan, the main population centers are in the river oases on the edge of the central mountainous region (Herat, Farah, Kandahar, Maimana, Mazar-e Sharif, Kunduz) and in the inner-montane basin landscapes of eastern Afghanistan (Kabul, Jalalabad); Most of the irrigated arable land is in these areas. The highest… Read More »

The Main Political Issues of Afghanistan

That’s the theory. The implementation of this constitutional order is currently still facing considerable obstacles, the most important of which are briefly outlined here: The power of the regional warlords At the moment there can be no talk of the central government fully establishing the state order in Afghanistan. Many regions are still controlled by… Read More »

The 2014 Presidential Election in Afghanistan

On April 5, 2014, the Afghan people were called upon to elect a new president. After two terms in office, President Hamid Karzai was not allowed to stand for election a third time. Of the original 27 applicants, the independent Afghan Electoral Commission (IEC) had approved eleven candidates, among them only men, only one woman… Read More »

The End of the ISAF Mission in Afghanistan

On December 28, 2014 was a graduation ceremony in Kabul end of the ISAF mission committed, which officially ended on 31.12.2014. After almost exactly 13 years, the longest NATO-led combat mission was ended. The first soldiers of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) came to Afghanistan in December 2001, although their tasks were still limited… Read More »

Afghanistan Presidential Elections

The 2019 presidential election After two postponements, on September 28, 2019 around 9.6 million registered voters were called on to elect a new president. The over 4,600 polling stations were open from 7:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. For security reasons and other reasons, however, a large number of polling stations had to remain closed. There… Read More »

International Conferences on Afghanistan

On January 28, 2010, another international conference on Afghanistan took place in London; A strategy was adopted to gradually transfer responsibility for military security to the Afghan government and armed forces, while at the same time gradually withdrawing international troops from Afghanistan from mid-2011. The follow-up conference took place in Kabul on July 20, 2010;… Read More »

The Constitutional State of Afghanistan

The constitutional state By the Loya Jirga adopted on 4 January 2004 constitution provides for a presidential democratic system modeled after the United States. The president is directly elected by the people for a maximum of two terms of office of five years each and is head of state and head of government in one… Read More »

Afghanistan Foreign Policy

Chair of the High Council for National Reconciliation (HCNR) Abdullah Abdullah Abdullah Abdullah, the son of a Pashtun and a Tajikin, was born in Kabul in 1960. He studied medicine at the University of Kabul, received his doctorate there in 1983 and then worked as a doctor in Kabul. In 1984 he left Afghanistan due… Read More »

Human Rights in Afghanistan

Human rights 2014 was a year of upheaval for Afghanistan, the presidential election and its long unpredictable outcome, as well as the end of the ISAF mission, with which a large part of the international troops left the country, contributed to a continued very tense and unstable security situation. This also has serious implications for… Read More »

Afghanistan National Parks and Symbols

According to itypeauto, Afghanistan is a landlocked country and occupies a border position between Central and South Asia. Despite the plains in the north and south-west, it is a decidedly mountainous country. Crisis-ridden for over three decades, it is one of the least developed countries on earth. Afghanistan Overview Official name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan… Read More »

Afghanistan History

Afghanistan can be seen as the prototype of a transit country. Since prehistoric times, the paths of migrations, conquerors, traders and missionaries of the most diverse religions have crossed here like in hardly any other country on earth. Most of the time, the area of today’s Afghanistan was fought over between two or more domains… Read More »

Afghanistan Economy & Development

Estimated GDP: US $ 21.7 billion (2018) Per capita income (purchasing power parity): US $ 1,746 (2018, HDR) Human Development Rank (HDI): 170 of 189 (2018) Proportion of poverty (national poverty line): 54.5% (2018) Distribution of income (Gini coefficient): 31 (2018) Economic Transformation Index (BTI): Rank 122 of 137 (2020) Introduction Even before the Soviet… Read More »

Agriculture in Afghanistan

Wheat fields in the morning chimney smoke in Uruzgan province, central Afghanistan Due to the topographical and climatic conditions mentioned, Afghanistan’s agriculture is essentially limited to the mountain oases on the north, west and south edges of the central highlands, the basin landscapes of the Kabul region and the river valleys on the Pakistani border.… Read More »

Afghanistan Industries

Natural resources, energy The prospecting and development of the natural resources of Afghanistan is still in its infancy, despite certain progress made in the decades before the Soviet occupation. Apart from the lapis lazuli deposits in Sar-e-Sang in the Badakhshan province, which have been used since prehistoric times, only natural gas production plays a role… Read More »

Reconstruction of Afghanistan

The international community and the reconstruction of Afghanistan The basic lines of cooperation between the international community and the Afghan government in the civil reconstruction of Afghanistan were laid down at various donor conferences. In April 2008 the Afghan government presented its Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS). At the donor conference in Brussels in October… Read More »

Afghanistan Ethnic Groups

Ethnic groups: Tajiks Village scene from Warwarzu Afghanistan The second largest ethnic group in Afghanistan are the Tajiks with around 30%. Compared to the other ethnic groups, the Tajiks are in a certain way only vaguely defined; According to the common Afghan understanding, “Tajiks” are all those who belong neither to the Pashtuns nor to… Read More »

Afghanistan Society

Afghanistan Society Alphabetized adults: 35% (estimated, 2018) Major religions: Islam: Sunni approx. 80%, Shiite approx. 19% Urban population: 27.6% (2017) Life expectancy (female / male): 66/63 years (2018, HDR) Gender Inequality Index: Rank 143 (of 162) (2018, HDR) Number of births: 5.02 / woman (estimated, 2018) Infant mortality: 62.3 / 1000 live births (2018, UN)… Read More »

Afghanistan Education

Afghanistan Girls at school The original educational system in Afghanistan is based on religious schools. The first school based on the modern model was founded in Kabul in 1912, and the first girls’ school followed in 1933. Schooling has been compulsory for 7 to 12 year olds since 1975, school attendance is free up to… Read More »

Afghanistan Health

Location and size of the Afghanistan Afghanistan is a mountainous landlocked country at the interface of Central and South Asia and covers an area of ​​652,225 km². In comparison, the Federal Republic of Germany is content with approx. 357,386 km². The largest extension is around 1,550 km in a south-west-north-east direction, and around 750 km… Read More »

Afghanistan Religion

Prayer at the Blue Mosque in Mazar-e Sharif, Afghanistan Due to its central location in Asia according to andyeducation, Afghanistan offered a picture of marked religious diversity in antiquity and in the early Middle Ages. In addition to the followers of Zarathustra (who, depending on the opinion, worked around 1800, 1000 or 600 BC on… Read More »

Afghanistan Social Structures

As already mentioned at the beginning, Afghan society is consistently shaped by tradition; even before the war, modern structures were only rudimentary and only existed in the largest cities. Occupation, civil war and especially the Taliban regime have led to a re-traditionalization of Afghanistan, especially since most of the country’s “modern” elite were driven into… Read More »

Living in Afghanistan

Afghanistan Everyday life Currency: Afghani (AFN) Exchange rate: 93.95 AFN per € (December 2020) Time zone: UTC +4: 30 Country code (phone): +93 Climate (for capital): continental, arid to semi-arid steppe climate Important instructions: Afghanistan is a country located in southern Asia according to a2zcamerablog. The Federal Foreign Office expressly warns against traveling to Afghanistan! At… Read More »

Travelling to Afghanistan

Travel, transportation and traffic The usual journey to Afghanistan from Europe takes place with a stopover in Dubai. Flights are also possible, with a stopover in Istanbul, to Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif. Afghanistan’s aviation hub is Kabul International Airport, which has been called Hamid Karzai International Airport since 2014 and is located around 16 km… Read More »

The Cultural Life in Afghanistan

Illustration to Hafez’s Diwan, Herat 1523 As a country located in southern Asia according to a2zgov, Afghanistan looks back on a long, turbulent history and, thanks to its role as a transit country between the Middle East, South and Central Asia, is home to rich, diverse traditions in music, folk art, architecture, painting and literature,… Read More »

IELTS Test Centers in Afghanistan

IELTS Testing Centres in Afghanistan In total, there is one test location in Afghanistan that offer IELTS exams. You can select the one which is closer to you. There are two types of test format available for IELTS exams: paper-based or computer-delivered. For both formats, the Speaking Section is done with a real IELTS examiner… Read More »