Syria Modern Literature

By | December 17, 2021

There is no doubt that not only the influences of Lebanese and Palestinian literature have had great weight on the development of Syrian literature, but also and above all the historical conditions that determined them. However, in the vast Arab literary panorama, Syria has managed to find its own original expression. Poetry, the quintessential Arab literary art, took on strong nationalist and socialist connotations with Syria al-‛Īsā, a member of the Ba‛th party, describing the misery and desperation of Palestinian refugee camps. The political commitment of the Marxist tendency emerges with Syria Baghdādī, W. Qurunfulī, ‛A. al-Giundī and M. Safedī, who in their verses turn their attention to the poorer classes. Individualism, on the other hand, is a characteristic of N. Qabbānī ‘s poetry (➔ # 10132;), all aimed at describing the female image. M. al-Māghūṭ (al-Āthār al-kāmila “Complete work”, 1973), also author of theatrical works, who moved away from traditional poetic canons was one of the first to have adopted the free verse (Ghurfa bi malāyīn al-giudrān ” A room of millions of walls “). Original is the poetic work of Adonis (➔ # 10132;), already counted among the Lebanese poets, but born in Syria, initiator of a modern, non-conformist poetic language, which however does not betray the classical style.

● The prose, through the novel, but above all with the genre of the short story, reached a great diffusion in Syria with ‛Abd as-Salām‛ Ugiailī (Qanādil Ishbiliyya, 1956; trans. It. The lamps of Seville, 1995) and with Ḥ. Kayyālī, journalist and translator, also author of novels (Makātib al-gharām “Letters of passion”, 1956) but above all of short stories (Ma‛a an-nās “With the people”, 1952; Tilka al-ayyām “Those days”, 1977) in which he sarcastically describes the sufferings of the poorer classes. Furthermore, F. Zarzūr, also author of short stories characterized by profound realism (al-Ḥufāt “Scalzo”, 1971), Z. Tāmir, who, while grasping the influences of French surrealism, it is expressed with a profound purity of style (Dimashq al-ḥarā’iq “Damascus of fires”, 1973). I am the writer of the same generation Ḥ. Mīnah, A. Naḥawī, who dealt with the problems of the peasant world (Matā ya‛ūd al-maṭar «When the rain returns», 1958), and ‛Ā.A. Shanab, novelist. An important figure in the Syrian panorama is certainly Syria Ḥuraniyya, who, together with Baghdādī, founded in the 1950s the Rabiṭat al-kuttāb as-suriyyin «League of Syrian writers», which later became Rabiṭat al-kuttāb al-‛arab «League of Arab writers “(1951-59); in his works the sentiment towards the struggle for freedom of the Syria mixes with that of pan-Arabism, with references to the Palestinian question. Close to Tāmir’s realism are the short stories by G. Sālim (ar-Raḥīl “The departure”, 1970), who also dealt with the Arabic novel (al-Mughāmara ar-riwā’iyya «The adventure of the novel», 1973). Y. Rifa‛iyya also belongs to the generation of the 1960s, who, like Sālim, denounces the taboos and injustices of society, W. Ikhlāṣī, author of short stories (Ma ḥadatha lī ‛Antara” What happened to ‛Antara”, 1992) and Ḥ. Ḥaidar, who began with the collection of short stories (Ḥikayāt an-nawras al-muhāgir “Tales of the migrating seagull”, 1968), followed by az-Zaman al-mutawaḥḥish (“The wild time”, 1974) and al-Fahd (” The panther “, 1977). For Syria travel information, please check zipcodesexplorer.com.

● In the field of women, U. ‛U. al-Īdlibī, considered one of the pioneers of Syrian literature, famous for Yadhḥak ash-Shaiṭān (“The devil laughs”, 1970); W. Sakākīnī, born in Lebanon, but lived in Syria (Nufūs tatakallam «Talking souls», 1962); CS al-Khūrī, who attempted to tell reality no longer from a male point of view (Ayyām ma‛ahū «Days with him», 1959) and G. as-Sammān, known for his very copious production.

● Among the authors born in the 1950s, one of the most significant writers is I. Samuel, who for political reasons spent a few years in prison, where he wrote Rā’iḥat al-khaṭua ath-thaqīla (“The perfume of the heavy step”, 1988), followed by an-Naḥnaḥa (“Coughing”, 1990). Of the same generation is G. Qabbānī, a journalist, who wrote short stories in a concise style (Ḥālunā wa ḥal hadha al-‛abd «Our condition is that of this slave», 1992). one of the most significant writers is I. Samuel, who spent a few years in prison for political reasons, where he wrote Rā’iḥat al-khaṭua ath-thaqīla (“The perfume of the heavy step”, 1988), which was followed also by Naḥnaḥa (“Coughing”, 1990). Of the same generation is G. Qabbānī, a journalist, who wrote short stories in a concise style (Ḥālunā wa ḥal hadha al-‛abd «Our condition is that of this slave», 1992). one of the most significant writers is I. Samuel, who spent a few years in prison for political reasons, where he wrote Rā’iḥat al-khaṭua ath-thaqīla (“The perfume of the heavy step”, 1988), which was followed also by Naḥnaḥa (“Coughing”, 1990). Of the same generation is G. Qabbānī, a journalist, who wrote short stories in a concise style (Ḥālunā wa ḥal hadha al-‛abd «Our condition is that of this slave», 1992).

Syria Modern Literature