Religion in Switzerland
48% of the population professes Catholicism, 46% – Protestantism, 6% – other religions.
Transport in Switzerland
Public transport in Switzerland is one of the best in the world. There simply can’t be reasons for dissatisfaction – it runs exactly on schedule, you can easily get to any corner of the country, and on the way you can see landscapes that are unique in terms of picturesqueness. There are domestic flights between Basel, Bern, Geneva, Zurich, Lugano, Sion and Samedan. Other cities can be reached by rail. A ticket to the desired point can be purchased at any station. Inside the cities themselves there are buses and trams, tickets for which are sold right at the bus stop. Switzerland has a convenient travel ticket system.
In cities, in addition to public transport, you can ride bicycles. Free bike rentals are offered in Zurich. At the rental point, you only need to leave some document and a deposit of 20 Swiss francs. As in any European country, you can rent a car throughout Switzerland. Conditions for renting a car: the age of the driver is at least 21 years old, the driving experience is at least a year, the presence of a driver’s license. Mileage is not limited. The amount does not include a tax of 6.5%. Don’t forget to check if you have insurance in case of a traffic accident.
For driving on the main roads of Switzerland you should have a road tax coupon, it is placed in the lower left corner of the windshield. You can buy a ticket when crossing the border, at the post office. It costs 40 francs and is valid until the end of the year. When renting a car, the ticket must already be available. Speed limit: 50 km/h in cities, 80 km/h on major highways, 120 km/h on expressways.
Plant and Animal World in Switzerland
About 1/4 of the country’s territory is covered with forests. The composition of forests depends on the height above sea level. Broad-leaved forests of oak, beech, ash, elm, maple, and linden predominate in the region of the Swiss plateau up to a height of 800 m. Above 1000 m, broad-leaved species remain mainly beech; spruces, pines, firs appear. And starting from a height of 1800 m, the main place is occupied by coniferous forests of spruce, fir, pine and larch. At the highest altitudes (up to 2800 m) there are subalpine and alpine meadows, thickets of rhododendron, azaleas, juniper.
In the mountains there are fox, hare, chamois, marten, alpine marmot, from birds – capercaillie, thrush, swift, snow finch. On the shores of the lakes you can meet gulls, and in the lakes – trout, char, whitefish, grayling.
Natural landscapes are preserved in the Swiss National Park, reserves, reserves.
Minerals in Switzerland
Of the minerals, rock salt and building materials are of industrial importance.
Banks in Switzerland
Banks are usually open from 8:30 to 16:30. Saturday and Sunday are days off.
Money in Switzerland
Currency – Swiss franc. 1 franc = 100 centimes. In circulation are coins in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50 centimes and 1, 2, and 5 francs; banknotes of 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 Swiss francs.
The most commonly accepted cards are Eurocard, American Express and Diners Club.
Rate: 1 Swiss Franc (CHF) = 1.04 USD
Political State in Switzerland
According to politicsezine, Switzerland is a confederation. The current Constitution was adopted in 1848 (as amended in 1874). The head of state is the president, who is elected for a one-year term. Legislative power belongs to the bicameral Federal Assembly, executive – to the Federal Council. The country is divided into 23 cantons, each of which has its own Constitution, Parliament and Government.
The neutrality of Switzerland was proclaimed at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, so it is not a member of the UN, but is a member of many of its specialized organizations. Is a member of the EU.
Population in Switzerland
In 1997, the population of Switzerland was 7 million 97 thousand people. It is represented by 4 ethnic communities – German-Swiss (4.3 million people), Franco-Swiss (1.3 million people), Italian-Swiss (200 thousand people) and Romansh. Also, Italians, Germans, Italians, Spaniards, French, Austrians live there. The total number of foreigners is about 1 million people. The German-Swiss live in the central and eastern cantons, the Franco-Swiss in the west, the Italian-Swiss in the south, the Romansh in the mountainous regions of the canton of Graubünden.
The Swiss constitution names German, French, Italian and Romansh as official languages. Almost every inhabitant of this country speaks two languages. Nowadays, English is widely used.
Cuisine in Switzerland
The traditional local cuisine of Switzerland has been strongly influenced by French, German, Austrian, and in some parts of the country, Italian cuisines. Perhaps, only fondue can be called a traditional Swiss dish. Classic fondue is when 5 varieties of Swiss cheese are melted in dry white wine. The basis of the cheese mass is hard Emmental cheese, and Roquefort and provolone are added for flavor. Cheese fondue is usually served with croutons of black and white bread, as well as a two-horned fork. The gourmet pricks a piece of bread on the fork, lowers it into the cheese mass melted in the fondue pot, and when he brings the fork to his mouth, the cheese has already had time to harden. Along with cheese fondue, there are vegetable, meat, fish and even chocolate fondue for the sweet tooth. The latter is prepared very simply: chocolate is melted in a fondue pot (white, black, to taste), liqueur and cognac are added. Pieces of fruit are strung on a fork and dipped into the chocolate mass.
In meat, fish and vegetable fondue, vegetable oil is used instead of cheese mass, that is, pieces of meat, fish or vegetables are dipped into boiling oil. Sometimes for vegetable fondue, pieces of vegetables are first dipped in batter. Drinks suitable for fondue are white wine or beer.
Cheese is used in many Swiss cuisine recipes: it is added to soups, salads, fried with fish, meat and vegetables, and delicious desserts are prepared from it. One of the locals’ favorite cheese dishes is raclette, which means “coarse grater” in French. For raclette, cheese is grated on a coarse grater, heated over a fire until it melts, and served with hot potatoes.
Each province has its own favorite dishes. Zurich is famous for its sweet delicacies – “hühli” and “krepfli”, as well as a meat dish called Zurich schnitzel, which is a stew of tender veal pieces in white sauce. In Bern they make excellent sausages, but the Bernese appetizer is still very popular: sauerkraut with beans and fried potatoes. In Basel, they prepare very tasty almond biscuits “Lotus Petals”.
There are wonderful wines on the lands of Switzerland. Having absorbed the light of the bright alpine sun and the aroma of the air of mountain valleys, they are worthy of high appreciation. In the main wine-growing regions – near Neuchâtel and Lake Geneva – strong ruby-red wines are created, under the general name Inferno.