Sweden Religion, Geography, Politics and Population

By | August 24, 2022

Religion in Sweden

Most of the believing population are Lutherans. There are Catholics, Orthodox, Muslims and Jews.

Transport in Sweden

The best way to get to Sweden is by plane, the flight will take about 2 hours. The capital of Sweden is served by two airports: Arlanda, which receives international and domestic flights, and Bromma, which serves domestic flights. Arlanda Airport is located 42 km north of Stockholm. There are no direct trains to Sweden from Russia, but you can go to Helsinki or Turku, from where you can take a ferry to Stockholm. This journey will take about a day and a half. You can also get to Finlandby bus, from where it is easy to get to Sweden. In all cases, except for a direct flight from Russia to Sweden will have to apply for a transit visa.

The railway network is well developed inside the country, especially in the central regions and in the south. High-speed trains run between major cities. Passengers under 19 receive a 50% discount. In the northern part of the country, it is best to travel by bus. Traveling by bus costs less than by train, tickets are purchased at bus stations. Between Stockholm and cities located on the coast, as well as on the islands, ships ply.

City transport is represented by buses, and in the capital there are metro and electric trains. In Stockholm One travel ticket entitles you to travel for an hour on any type of city transport within one of the 5 zones into which the city is divided. The metropolitan metro operates from 5:00 to 24:00. Taxi in Sweden is best called by phone, because it is difficult to catch a car on the street.

In order to rent a car, you must have an international driver’s license, a credit card in your name, be over 21 years old and have a driving experience of more than 1 year.

Plant and Animal World in Sweden

The north of Sweden is occupied by forest-tundra with short grasses and dwarf shrubs. A significant part of the country’s territory is occupied by coniferous forests with a predominance of pine and spruce; a little to the south, oak, ash, elm, linden and maple begin to appear in the forests. On the Skåne plain there are arable lands. In the south, beech groves are common with admixtures of oak, alder and pine in places. The lakes are surrounded by meadow vegetation.

Of the animals in the forests, there are elk, brown bear, wolverine, lynx, fox, marten, squirrel and white hare. Reindeer live in northern Sweden. Ducks, geese, swans, gulls, terns and other birds nest along the shores of the seas and lakes, and salmon, trout, perch are found in the rivers, and grayling in the north.

Minerals in Sweden

Sweden has deposits of iron and copper ores, as well as nickel, lead and uranium.

Banks in Sweden

Banks are open on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday from 9:30 to 15:00, and on Thursday – from 9:30 to 17:30. Exchange offices at airports, railway stations, sea berths work seven days a week.

Money in Sweden

Despite joining the EU, Sweden decided not to immediately join the European Monetary Union and not to switch to the use of a single European currency.

The official currency of the country is the Swedish krona. 1 Swedish krona is equal to 100 øre. In circulation are banknotes in denominations of 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20 and 10 kroons and coins of 10, 5, 1 kroon and 50 er.

Currency can be exchanged at banks, exchange offices, hotels, large supermarkets, post offices. In some exchange offices, the cost of the service is expressed as a percentage of the exchange amount, in others a fixed fee for the operation is set, regardless of the amount. Credit cards and traveler’s checks are accepted everywhere.

Rate: 10 Swedish Krona (SEK) = 1.02 USD

Political State in Sweden

According to politicsezine, Sweden is a constitutional monarchy. Legislative power is exercised by the parliament (Riksdag), while executive power is exercised by the prime minister and other ministers.

Population in Sweden

Swedes make up 90% of the country’s population, Finns (3%), Sami (1%), Norwegians and Danes also live.

The official language of Sweden is Swedish, which belongs to the Germanic group of languages, the staff speaks English and German well.

Cuisine in Sweden

Swedish cuisine includes a large number of fish dishes. These are salted herring, herring in mustard, in wine, with onions, herring fillet with white sauce, grilled or baked herring in the oven with lemon, herring in the glasmestarsil marinade, as well as crustaceans, caviar, boiled sea pike “lutfisk” and River fish. Fish dishes are complemented by salads of potatoes and boiled vegetables, hard-boiled eggs with various sauces, hearty soups such as beer soup “elebrad” or oyster soup “nasselsuppa-med-egg”.

Meat specialties include the flaskrulader pork roll, the spicy easterband pork sausage, the renstek minced reindeer meat, the leverpastei, the large kottbullar dumplings, the Christmas ham and the unstekt alg roast elk.

For dessert, pancakes, muffins, biscuits, pies (apple and blueberry with rhubarb are especially tasty) and cookies are served.

From drinks, the Swedes prefer coffee and mineral water. Of the alcoholic drinks, punch and grog are popular.

Cuisine in Sweden