Sudan Basic Information

By | July 21, 2022
Basic data
Capital Khartoum
Population 45.75 million
Language Arabic
Religion 97% Islam, 3% Christianity and tribal religions
State system Republic of Sudan
Head of State
Head of government Abdel Fattah al-Burhan
Currency name Sudanese pound

Sudan Basic Information

Time shift GMT +1
Economy 2021
Nominal GDP (billion USD) 188.8
Economic growth (%) 0.7
Inflation (%) 377.4
Unemployment (%) ON

Before the events of October 2021, when a military coup took place, Sudan’s transitional government was forced to implement unpopular measures on the recommendation of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. This is primarily about the gradual removal of subsidies for fuel and certain foods. This decision caused a jump in the price of all related commodities and services (transport, electricity, etc.) and a dramatic increase in inflation (more than 360%). In order to prevent currency purchases on the black market, the government compared the official rates of foreign currencies in banks with the rates on the black market, which of course led to a sharp drop in the official value of the Sudanese pound (1 USD = 435 SDP). These drastic reforms were a condition for Sudan’s inclusion on the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) list, which would see it receive $50 billion in debt relief over the next three years. USD out of a total amount of approx. USD 56 billion. Furthermore, it should receive additional loans in the amount of billion USD. However, Sudan still owes about 19 billion USD to members of the Paris Club and a similar amount to countries outside the Paris Club. Check cancermatters to learn more about Sudan political system.

Basic information about the territory


  • System of governance and political tendencies in the country
  • Foreign policy of the country
  • Population

The system of governance and political tendencies in the country

Chairman of the Sovereign Council, Gen. On 21 January 2022, Abdel Fattah Al Burhan issued a decision to appoint new “acting ministers”.

Composition of the new Sudanese executive:

Osman Hussein Osman – Ministry of Cabinet Affairs

Amb. Ali Al Sadiq Ali – Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Jibril Ibrahim – Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning

Abubaker Abulgasim Abdalla Abulgasim – Ministry of Physical Development, Roads and Bridges

Dr. Abu Baker Omer Al Bushra Ahmed – Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry

Batul Abbas Allam Awad – Ministry of Industry

Amal Salih Saad – Ministry of Trade and Supplies

Mohamed Abdalla Mahmoud – Ministry of Energy and Mining

Engineer Dhaw Al Beit Abdel Rahman Mansour – Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources

Adil Hassan Mohamed Hussein – Ministry of Communication and Digital Transformation

Ahlam Medani Mahdi-Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation

Dr Haitham Mohamed Ibrahim – Ministry of Health

Suaad Al Tayeb Hassana – Ministry of Labor and Administrative Reform

Abdel Atif Ahmed Abbas – Ministry of Religious Affairs and Endowment

Hudeida Ali Awad Al Karim – Ministry of Justice

Dr. Graham Abdel Gadir – Ministry of Culture and Information

Ayman Sid Salim – Ministry of Youth and Sports

Foreign policy of the country

Relations with other countries (primarily from the EIU)


The population is constantly fluctuating due to the long civil war, famine and emigration to Chad and Uganda on the one hand and the influx of refugees from Ethiopia and Eritrea on the other. The rural population is still very mobile, there are approximately 2 million nomadic nomads, in addition to about 500,000 seasonal workers who move between naturally and artificially irrigated areas. 57% of the population is of working age. 80% work in agriculture, 7% in industry, 13% in state services. Annual growth in 2020 was estimated at 2.69%. Check prozipcodes for Sudan defense and foreign policy.

Average life expectancy : M – 64 years; Female – 68 years old

Education (over 15 who can read and write): 60.7%.

The level of education is similar to neighboring countries, but noticeably worse compared to other Arab countries. Large differences are evident between urban and rural populations.

Nationality composition

The dominant ethnic group is the Sudanese Arabs (70%), followed by the Fur, Beja, Nuba and Fallata tribes.

Religious composition after the division of the country, up to 97% of the population profess Islam (Sunni Muslims). The remaining part professes tribal religions and Christianity.