State Route 1 in Montana
Highway 1 (MT-1) is a state route in the U.S. state of Montana. The road forms a north-south route in the west of the state, from Anaconda to Drummond. Highway 1 is 103 kilometers long.
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Highway 1 begins and ends at Interstate 90. The southern starting point is east of Anaconda, the road then first heads 40 kilometers west, through the city of Anaconda and through a mountainous area with barren peaks to approximately 3,300 meters. The road then curves north and heads north through a river valley, through Philipsburg and up to I-90 at Drummond.
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Highway 1 was one of the original state highways of 1922. It was a barely improved dirt road at the time. Around 1925 the first part was paved at Anaconda, a fairly important city at the time. The Anaconda Copper mining company was founded there and was the most powerful company in Montana in the late 1800s and early 1900s. In the early 1930s almost the entire road was paved, by 1935 there was only a small piece of gravel road along Georgetown Lake. The road was later renumbered as US 10 Alternate in the 1930s. US 10 itself went east through Deer Lodge, both routes being nearly equal in distance. Due to the completion of Interstate 90, US 10 was scrapped in 1986, the road has since been numbered only as Highway 1.
Every day, 3,700 to 5,000 vehicles drive between I-90 and Anaconda, rising to 11,000 vehicles through downtown Anaconda. West of Anaconda, 1,100 vehicles per day run, dropping to 700 to 1,000 vehicles between Philipsburg and Drummond.
State Route 13 in Montana
Highway 13 (MT-13) is a state route in the U.S. state of Montana. The road forms a north-south route in the northeast of the state, from Circle through Wolf Point to the Canadian border at Scobey. Highway 13 is 181 kilometers long.
The Lewis and Clark Bridge over the Missouri River at Wolf Point.
Highway 13 begins in the village of Circle on Highway 200 and then heads north across the barren steppe to Wolf Point, 80 kilometers north. Highway 13 is the only paved road in this area. At Wolf Point one crosses the Missouri River and then crosses US 2. Highway 13 continues north through an Indian reservation to Scobey. North of Scobey the border with Canada follows, after which Highway 36 in Saskatchewan continues to Moose Jaw.
Highway 13 is one of the original state highways of 1922 and at the time started further south on US 12 at Ismay. The terminus was another border crossing with Canada, a little further east at Whitetail. Between Circle and Scobey, the route coincided with the current route of Highway 13. In 1930, the Lewis and Clark Bridge over the Missouri River at Wolf Point opened to traffic.
First, around 1936, the section between Wolf Point and Scobey was asphalted. Beginning in 1937, the section between Circle and Wolf Point was tarred, with the middle section being tarred last around 1940. At the time, the border crossing north of Whitetail to Highway 34 in Saskatchewan was the through route for north-south traffic, at the time it was the only tarmac road border crossing over a stretch of nearly 700 kilometers of border between US 91 and US 52.
The later border crossing north of Scobey was paved in the second half of the 1950s, but did not become part of Highway 13 until 1963. The old route through Whitetail has since been numbered Secondary Highway 511. In 1998 a new bridge opened over the Missouri River at Wolf Point, the old bridge has not been demolished since.
Every day, 700 to 1,000 vehicles drive between Circle and Wolf Point, 300 to 500 vehicles between Wolf Point and Scobey and 50 vehicles at the border with Canada.