South Africa Overview

South Africa Overview

 

Cape Town Waterfront Harbor

Cape Town Waterfront Harbor

Proteas at the cape

Proteas at the cape

View of the vineyards in the Western Cape

View of the vineyards in the Western Cape

House in South Africa

House in South Africa

Population distribution in South Africa

Population distribution in South Africa

The Federal Foreign Office and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) provide basic data on South Africa. The government publications such as the Official Guide, the South Africa Yearbook and the official website of the South African government are very informative; they contain numerous sub-chapters on the environment, resources, economy, trade, infrastructure, politics, education, society and health.

Statistics South Africa provides relevant statistics. The 2011 Census was carried out in October 2011; after that, the population of South Africa was 51,770,560. In mid-2015 there were 44.22 million blacks (80.5%), 4.83 million colored (8.8%), 4.53 million whites (8.3%) and 1.36 million South Africans / – Indians of Indian origin (2.5%). Regarding the officially 8.3 percent white population at the time, it should be mentioned that 95,158 white people emigrated between 2011 and mid-2015. In July 2019 Statistics South Africa estimated the total population at 58,775,022 million people, of which 80.70% were black, 8.8% colored, 2.6% South Africans of Indian origin and 7.9% white. In contrast to the racist apartheid categories, the subdivisions and terms mentioned here are not intended to be discriminatory, but reflect the (self) definitions used in South Africa today.

Regarding the regional population distribution: Gauteng is the smallest and most populous province, in July 2018 an estimated 14.7 million lived there and in July 2019 15.17 million. It follows KwaZulu-Natal with 11.28 million in July 2019 according to Statistics South Africa. In July 2019, 6.71 million people lived in the Eastern Cape, mainly due to emigration. In July 2019, 6.84 million lived in the Western Cape. According to Statistics South Africa, there were 5.98 million in Limpopo in July 2019. In the same period there were 4.59 million in Mpumalanga Province, 4.02 million in North West and 2.88 million in Free State. The Northern Cape, the largest province in terms of area, had 1.26 million residents in July 2019.

Gauteng and the Western Cape have the highest growth rates in terms of immigrant populations. For Gauteng there were an estimated 1.04 million inland migrants in July 2018 and for the Western Cape 311,000. Above all, emigration characterizes the Eastern Cape, where the highest proportion of children, adolescents and old people live in 2018 compared to the provinces. The national proportion of young people under the age of 15 was 28.8% in July 2019 and the proportion of those over 60 was 9% according to Statistics South Africa.

South Africa Politics

Day of the founding of the state: May 31, 1910 Union of South Africa

Head of State and Head of Government: since February 15, 2018 Cyril Ramaphosa

Political system: Parliamentary democracy

Corruption Index (CPI): Rank 70 (CPI value 44) (out of 180), 2019

Ibrahim Index of African Governance: Rank 6 of 54 (2020)

Corruption in South Africa

Corruption has not only been a problem since 1994, rather the misappropriation of state funds results from the government and administrative structures of the apartheid regime. For those who have secured lucrative government contracts for a number of years, the South African society has coined the term “tenderpreneurs”, a word created from “tender” (tender) and “entrepreneur” (entrepreneur). Corruption also affects (para) state corporations such as the electricity company Eskom and the airline South African Airlines. Even private security companies working for prisons responsible – specifically Bosasa, later active as African Global Operations – illegally appropriated state funds for years.

In Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index 2019, which was published at the end of January 2020, South Africa ranks 70th out of 180 countries with 44 out of 100 points. According to the South African NGO “Corruption Watch”, corruption has become endemic in South Africa, a major country in African continent according to intershippingrates. The Business Anti-Corruption Portal offers a possibility of research with some current articles on corruption. The ” Judicial Commission of Inquiry into Allegations of State Capture, Corruption and Fraud in the Public Sector including ” deals with corruption in the context of the influence of the Indian industrial family Gupta on (para) state companies, specifically their procurement and management personnel, as well as on government members Organs of State”, also named after its chairman, the constitutional judge Raymond MM Zondo, Zondo-Commission.

The corruption process against the former police chief Jacob (Jackie) Selebi revealed the corruptibility of high officials in 2010. His successor Bheki Sele was also dismissed on charges of corruption. The South African police suffer from a bad image anyway because of the corruption. The money laundering process against Julius Malema illustrates the corruption among politicians. With allegations of corruption in the construction of his private residence in Nkandla also the former president Jacob Zuma was particularly in 2014 and to 2016 confronted, which led to internal party and civil society protests. Finally, he obeyed a constitutional court decision and in September 2016 repaid around 7.8 million rand that had previously been spent from taxpayers’ money on private developments within the residential complex. Several political observers commented on these events and structures. In previous years, Mr. Zuma had been discredited because of suspected corruption in large arms deals.

In October 2018, corruption was also discussed in the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) party. It was about well-known representatives of the management team.

In July and August 2020, corruption in the context of the corona pandemic was massively criticized.