Somalia in the 1950’s Part I

By | December 15, 2021

On 21 December 1949 the UN General Assembly entrusted Italy, in “fiduciary” administration, with its former colony for a period of ten years (starting from 2 December 1950) on the condition that the political and administrative structures were prepared and the necessary cultural training of the residents was provided so that the territory could become an independent state at the end of ten years. The mandate was exercised with the assistance of a UN advisory committee. The boundaries of the Somalia with the territories under the British protectorate remained those of the time when it was still a colony, but stopped at the meeting point of the 48th long. And with the 8th lat. N towards Somaliland; those with the Ethiopia were instead temporarily established in a communication dated 1 March 1950 from the British government to the president of the UN Protection Council (accepted with reservation by Italy), pending their definition by means of direct agreements between Italy and the Ethiopia. These provisional borders followed the line established with the Italo-Ethiopian agreement of 1908, with the mentioned retreat, on the side of the border with Somaliland, at the intersection of the 8th lat. N with the 48th long. E. After resuming diplomatic relations, Italy dealt with the question of borders with Ethiopia, but without reaching any results (1952-1959). waiting for them to be defined by means of direct agreements between Italy and Ethiopia. These provisional borders followed the line established with the Italo-Ethiopian agreement of 1908, with the mentioned retreat, on the side of the border with Somaliland, at the intersection of the 8th lat. N with the 48th long. E. After resuming diplomatic relations, Italy dealt with the question of borders with Ethiopia, but without reaching any results (1952-1959). waiting for them to be defined by means of direct agreements between Italy and Ethiopia. These provisional borders followed the line established with the Italo-Ethiopian agreement of 1908, with the mentioned retreat, on the side of the border with Somaliland, at the intersection of the 8th lat. N with the 48th long. E. After resuming diplomatic relations, Italy dealt with the question of borders with Ethiopia, but without reaching any results (1952-1959). For Somalia 2016, please check softwareleverage.org.

Under the terms of the protection agreement, the “Italian Trust Administration of Somalia” (in acronym AFIS) was implemented through an administrator, based in Mogadishu, put in charge of the government of the territory, for the exercise of which it used special central offices. The territory was divided into six commissariats, later called) regions (Migiurtinia, in Somali Maǧērtén, with the capital Bosāsò, formerly Bendèr Qp̀sin; Mudùg, with the cap. Gālka‛yò; Hīrp̀n with the cap. Bèlet Wỹyne; Benadir, with the cap. Mogadishu, in Somali Ḥamar; Alto Juba, in Somali Ganānahà Korè, with cap. Bayḍawà or. Bayḍabò; Lower Juba, in Somali Ganānahà Hōsè, with cap. Chisimaio, in Somali Kismā (n) yò), headed by a commissioner, then a head of the region and therefore (from 1956) a prefect; the commissariats-regions were divided into residences (“districts” since 1954). The administrative and military personnel (for public order and security only) were sometimes completely but more often only partly Italian for the first years of their mandate; therefore (especially starting from 1954) there was a gradual introduction of Somali personnel. The administrator had also been delegated the legislative power pending the constitution of the Legislative Assembly. In carrying out this power, however, (except in matters of defense and foreign policy), the Territorial Council began (except in matters of defense and foreign policy), made up almost entirely of Somalis, appointed by the administrator, after having been chosen by system mixed (elections and designations). For the military forces of public order, the Somali police force was formed, with organic composed of indigenous people, under the command of personnel of the Italian military police (carabinieri), while the security corps, with staff apart, was formed with increasingly Somali cadres. For the education of the first Somali elements to the tasks of greater managerial commitment, the school of political-administrative preparation was established in Mogadishu (1950). Somali personnel also began to participate more and more widely in the judiciary, with full jurisdictional functions or with consultative powers. the political-administrative training school was established in Mogadishu (1950). Somali personnel also began to participate more and more widely in the judiciary, with full jurisdictional functions or with consultative powers. the political-administrative training school was established in Mogadishu (1950). Somali personnel also began to participate more and more widely in the judiciary, with full jurisdictional functions or with consultative powers.

The official direct participation of Somalis in the new political order took place in 1954 (March) with the first local elections, direct and with only male voters, carried out for the appointment of municipal councils.

Somalia in the 1950's