Somalia Costumes

By | December 15, 2021

The clothing, for both men and women, consists of two pieces of cotton, each seven and a half arms long, sewn together for one of the shorter sides (Somali maro ; Arabic f ūṭ ah or generically tawb ; the latter item, in the form dialect t ō b, it is then used in trade and precisely designate the extent of 7 1 / arms): these cottons were once woven locally, today they are imported from India, Europe and even America, although still, especially in Mogadishu, the so-called “fute Benadir” are still woven with brightly colored linear designs, mainly yellow and red. The quantity of cotton needed to make a t ō b once constituted a unit of currency and was widely used for exchanges. The futa is tightly wrapped around the hips by men who carry a second futa on their shoulders and also on their heads: women, on the other hand, by tying one end on the left shoulder, wrap the rest around the body above the breast until the free end is brought back to the right shoulder: colored fabrics are preferred for women’s clothing. Men go bareheaded and so do girls who wear their hair cut before marriage, but after the wedding, let them grow, wrap their braids in two or three silk handkerchiefs and it is unlikely that they show their heads bare.. Leather sandals are used as footwear; in the bush people often go barefoot; during the rainy season and especially in marshy grounds, wooden clogs are used. Large wooden combs with six or seven teeth with antelope horn or wooden ridges are used by men and women to take care of the hair which in some tribes of southern Somalia is, among men, dressed up in complicated hairstyles. The women adorn themselves with earrings, bracelets and necklaces made of tin or beads or, among the richest, of silver, the work of mostly Arab goldsmiths; men and women wear leather bags containing Koranic scriptures, or colored stones and fragments of shells that serve as amulets around the neck, or tied to the middle of the arm. There are no deformations and mutilations other than circumcision, of Arab origin, for males and infibulation (v.deformations and mutilations) for females: operations generally performed by low caste individuals on children between seven and eight years of age. For Somalia culture and traditions, please check allunitconverters.com.

Hunting, practiced among the Somalis, as mentioned by the less noble groups, is practiced with half-traps in beaten even with the aid of dogs, or with the same weapons that are used for war. Cattle, camels, sheep and goats are raised for pastoralism: camels and sheep are raised everywhere with considerable intensity, while cattle farming is more extensive in southern Somalia in the area between the two great rivers. Agriculture, where it exists among Somalis, is of a very rudimentary form, that is reduced to a simple hoe agriculture, and is expressed especially with the cultivation of dura and corn, but pumpkins, beans, sesame, are also cultivated. cotton, etc. and near springs or along rivers also fruit plants such as papaya and banana. L’ the nomads’ diet is based almost exclusively on the product of livestock with a large consumption of milk and butter, more rarely meat; the dura takes the place of the grain and is pounded in large wooden mortars and ground with small hand millstones; they make unleavened buns that serve as bread.

Shot weapons are used: the dagger-knife (billao) with double cutting edge with tang-shaped handle and I-shaped horn or ivory handle and iron spear, almost always with laurel leaf handle and with spiral iron tip. Hand throwing weapons are small throwing clubs to which in some regions a spear iron is added, stuck in the head; the javelin is also commonly used: the iron, handled like a foil, has a quadrilateral section. Among the weapons from jet to bomb, we know the sling which is never used as a weapon of war, but only used by the boys guarding the plantations to scare the animals that would damage them, and which, probably, is the last remnant of a weapon in other times used for war: the bow is among the Somalis in use only in groups that are not of noble origin and, sporadically, in a few others cable. It is anatomically simple, but physiologically it retains traces of double curvature, it has the cat’s rope; the arrows are soaring, with a tanged iron tip, with double wings for war arrows, olive leaf for hunting ones; they are poisoned with uabai poison and are kept in sub-cylindrical wooden quivers with leather lids. The defense weapon is the small round shield in giraffe or rhinoceros skin, with cold impressions on the front face and small central umbo. olive leaf for hunting ones; they are poisoned with uabai poison and are kept in sub-cylindrical wooden quivers with leather lids. The defense weapon is the small round shield in giraffe or rhinoceros skin, with cold impressions on the front face and small central umbo. olive leaf for hunting ones; they are poisoned with uabai poison and are kept in sub-cylindrical wooden quivers with leather lids. The defense weapon is the round, small shield of giraffe or rhinoceros skin, with cold impressions on the front face and small central umbo.

Somalia Costumes