Slovenia Travel Facts

By | May 30, 2022

Slovenia is located in Central Europe, bordering Austria, Hungary, Croatia and Italy. Magnificent landscapes, the beautiful Adriatic coast, the hospitality of the people and a surprising diversity have been captivating more and more travelers for several years – and rightly so!

Capital City Ljubljana
Size 20,273 km²
Resident 2,064,241
Official Language Slovenian, regional: Italian, Hungarian
Currency Euro
Time Zone UTC+1/+2
Telephone Area Code +386

Source: Destination Explorer

Fast facts to know

  • Home of the Lipizzaner horses.
  • Slovenia is the first country in the world to be declared a green tourist destination.
  • There are many churches in Slovenia.
  • As a German citizen, you can enter the country with a valid identity card for up to three months without a residence permit.
  • The country has some really beautiful wine regions.
  • The oldest vine in the world grows in Slovenia.
  • Crafts, folklore and customs are important to Slovenes.
  • Beekeeping has a tradition of more than 600 years in Slovenia.
  • There are many ticks in Slovenia – repellents and TBE vaccination are recommended.
  • The country has great winter sports areas.

Exciting cities in Slovenia

  • Ljubljana
  • bled
  • Ptuj
  • Bohinj
  • Piran
  • Twill
  • Maribor

History of Slovenia

  • 6th century Slavic ancestors of the Slovenes settle in the area of ​​today’s Slovenia.
  • 7th century Creation of the Principality of Carantania.
  • 10th century. Settlement areas of the Alpine Slavs in Czechs, Slovaks and Slovenes are separated, Carantania is incorporated into the Duchy of Bavaria and thus into the East Franconian Empire.
  • 13th century Large areas of today’s Slovenia become Habsburg and remain so until the First World War.
  • 1918 Formation of a National Council of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, then foundation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
  • 1929 Renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia after King Alexander Karadordevic’s coup d’etat, increasing Serb dominance.
  • World War II: occupied by Axis powers and divided among Italy, Germany, Hungary.
  • 1945 Founding of the Democratic Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • 1991 Declaration of Independence of Slovenia.
  • 2004 accession to the EU.

Climate & travel weather in Slovenia

  • Mainly temperate climate.
  • Adriatic Coast: Mediterranean climate (warm summers, mild winters).
  • Northeast: continental climate (hot summers, cold winters).
  • Alps & Mountains: Alpine climate (moderately warm summers, very cold winters).
  • Recommended travel time:
    • May – September.
    • Winter sports: Dec – March.
    • Beach holiday: June – Sep.
    • Alps: June – Sep.

Ideas for trips in Slovenia

  • Škocjan Caves.
  • Cave Castle Predjama.
  • Experience Festival Lent in Maribor.
  • Hiking in the Bohinj valley.
  • Explore the alpine settlement of Velika planina.
  • Postojna Cave.
  • Climb the Triglav.
  • Zipline adventure in Kranjska Gora.
  • Guided tour of the Lipica Stud Farm.
  • Train ride with steam-powered museum train.
  • Celje Castle.

Eating & drinking in Slovenia

  • Inspired by the kitchens of neighboring countries, including Austria, Hungary and Italy.
  • Food combines old traditions and fresh ingredients.
  • Porcini mushrooms and chanterelles very popular.
  • Often used: wild berries, blueberries, raspberries, white beans.
  • Local cuisine is particularly good and rich.
  • Favorite Meat: Turkey, Beef, Pork, Horse.
  • But trout and game are also often processed.
  • Butcher plates & vegetable stews are popular.
  • Good cheese and air-dried ham are also served.
  • Desserts usually very substantial.
  • Domestic beers: Union, Zlatorog and Laško.
  • Fruit brandies very popular after a meal (e.g. slivovitz made from plums).
  • Typical dishes:
    • Gobova juha (thick cream soup with porcini, potatoes).
    • Corba od pecurki sa krompirom (mushroom soup with potatoes, tomatoes). Jota (sauerkraut, colorful beans, bacon, potatoes as a stew, thickened with pearl barley).
    • Njoki (Slovenian dumplings made from potato dough or semolina with a sauce made from mushrooms, gorgonzola or goulash).
    • Kranjska klobasa (coarse Carniolan sausage, spicy).
    • Paprikaz (chicken slices in eastern Slovenia, heartily seasoned with paprika).
    • Zganci (a kind of polenta).
    • Ovcji sir (aromatic feta cheese)
    • Zlikrofi (dumplings filled with a mixture of potatoes, greaves, onions and marjoram).

Particularly scenic

  • Vintgar Gorge
  • Mesecez zaliv bay
  • Logar Valley
  • Lake Bled
  • Triglav National Park
  • Soca Valley
  • Zelenci lake

Slovenia Travel Facts